MS British Library Cotton Julius A. i.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 1

FOLIATION: f. 2v (Planta's 1v)

CONTENT:

The origin of the Stywarde family arms.

Drawing of an armed knight, wearing mail and a helm, holding up in both hands a tree trunk with which he is preparing to strike a lion rampant. The knight's surcoat has the arms: a fess checky.

The broken pieces of a sword lie under the knight's feet. From the upper left hand corner descends a hand holding a shield displaying the knight's arms; the descending hand's arm is under a sleeve decorated with fleurs de lys, and fleurs de lys also decorate the border that frames the whole scene.

The inscription below is largely lost and it is only possible to read: "...corum cum hac Figura picta incoloribus facta ...ward qui Londoniis modo ...de Ramsey." The words "...ward" and "de" are as copied by Francis Douce (d. 1834) in his copy of Planta's Catalogue (now in the Bodleian Library, Douce P. subt. 33).

The drawing illustrates the incident in which the Stewart family allegedly gained the arms of argent a lion gules debruised by a ragged staff, when Andrew Stewart slew the lion of Balliol with a ragged staff and in return received from Charles VI, king of France, the right to bear the lion and staff as an augmentation of honour on the Stewart arms. This claim seems first to have been made by Robert Steward, the last prior and first dean of Ely (d. 1557), and to have been allowed in a grant of arms to him by Thomas Wriothesley, Garter king of arms, 14 Sept. 1520 (transcribed in BL, Add. MS 15644, f. 2r-v).

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DATING: The knight's armour would suggest a mid 13th-century date; but the lettering below is in the style of a later date. Presumably this version of the scene was executed in the 16th century.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A1p1






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. i.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 4

FOLIATION: ff. 51-62

CONTENT:

Fragment of a Brut chronicle of the reign of Edward II beginning in 1307 and ending abruptly in the narrative of 1322. It is followed by transcripts of: the indictment of Hugh Despencer (ff. 54-56); the renunciation of homage by Sir William Trussel (f. 57); the statute against the Despencers (ff. 57- 59v); the text of the coronation office of Edward III (ff. 60-62); and two letters to Queen Isabella, the second, dated 30 June 1321 warning her of a lepers' conspiracy in France (ff. 62-63; the first letter is also datable to 1321, according to Richardson and Sayles "Early Coronation Records. Supplementary Notes", p. 146).

Richardson and Sayles pointed out that the texts on ff. 54-63 "form no part of the [Brut] chronicle", but are simply "documents thought worth transcribing on the blank leaves of the last quire on which the chronicle was written" ["Early Coronation Records. Supplementary Notes", p. 146].

M.V. Clarke suggested that the chronicle "may have been written" in Pipewell abbey (co. Northants.) ["Committees of Estates and the Deposition of Edward II", p. 44; Representation and Consent, p. 193].

Anglo-Norman.

ORIGIN:

DATING: Written in a hand of the first half of the 14th century.

PROVENANCE:

T.D. Hardy noted [P.R.O., PRO 37/75, f. 5] that the Brut chronicle is seemingly a fragment of College of Arms, MS Arundel 31.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A1p4






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. ii.

ARTICLE: Smith's art. 4; Planta's art. 5

FOLIATION: ff. 137v-140

CONTENT:

Dialogue between Adrian and Ritheus.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A2p5






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. ii.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 6

FOLIATION: f. 140v

CONTENT:

Notes on the two thieves hanged at the Crucifixion, the measurement of Noah's ark, St Peter's church, etc.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A2p6






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. ii.

ARTICLE: Smith's art. 5; Planta's art. 7

FOLIATION: ff. 141-144r

CONTENT:

Certain of the Distichs of Cato, in an Old English translation, followed by apophthegms independent of the Distichs, also in Old English.

ORIGIN:

DATING: Translated late in the Anglo-Saxon period. Written in the mid 12th century.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A2p7






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. iii.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 1

FOLIATION: f.1v

CONTENT:

Sonnet to King Henry VII.

Headed: A la bonne grace du Roy.

Begins: A celluy qui est tout mon confort.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A3p1






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. iii.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 2

FOLIATION: f.1v

CONTENT:

Poem in honour of Mary Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII. Written in connection with her proposed marriage to Charles, prince of Castile, c. 1507-8.

Headed: Chancon faicte en l'honneur de Madame Marie.

Begins: Reveillez vous cueurs endormis (also = refrain).

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Several words were lost, by the tearing away of the MS, in the time between Ellis's and Gairdner's editions (1825 and 1858).

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A3p2






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. iii.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 3

FOLIATION:

CONTENT:

Bernard André (fl. 1485-1521), annals of 1507-8 the twenty-third year of the reign of King Henry VII,

Headed:

Latin.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A3p3






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. v.

ARTICLE: Smith's, Planta's art. 1

FOLIATION: f.5 (Planta's f.2)

CONTENT:

Verses about John Balliol, king of Scotland 1292-6, and the affairs of Scotland, exulting at their low state.

Begins: Ecce dies veniunt Scoti sine principe fiunt.

Latin.

ORIGIN:

DATING: Composition datable probably to soon after Balliol had sailed to Normandy in 1299; written c.1300.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A5p1






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. v.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 4

FOLIATION: ff. 53-

CONTENT:

Peter of Langtoft, canon of Bridlington (fl. 1271-1307), chronicle.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A5p4






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. v.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 6

FOLIATION: f.

CONTENT:

Prayer to the Virgin Mary, known as "La plainte Nostre Dame".

43 quatrains.

Begins: "Dame cou?rouné floure de parays De haut chose emprendre me fu entremys."

Ends: "E pur l'amour Marie nous meigne en sauveté."

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A5p6






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. v.

ARTICLE: Smith's art. 8; Planta's art. 10.

FOLIATION: ff. 181v-187r (formerly 176v-182r)

CONTENT:

Versified history, in Anglo-Norman, of the assault on Mansourah, February 1250, and especially of the valiant conduct and death of William Longespée, earl of Salisbury.

460 lines.

Begins: Ky vodra de doel & de pite oier tresgraunt.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A5p10






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. vi.

ARTICLE:

FOLIATION:

CONTENT:

Hymnal, 11th cent.

ORIGIN:

DATING:

PROVENANCE:

At Durham Cathedral Priory; identifiable by its 2o folio, principium iani, with the hymnal in Durham catalogues of books in the Spendement 1391 and late 14th cent., as M.R. James discovered [Catalogi Veteres Ecclesie Cathedralis Dunelmensis, ed. J. Raine (Surtees Soc., vii, 1838), pp. 33, 111 (whence E.G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts, from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris and Brussels, 1926), p. 77, inserted Corrigendum).

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A6






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. vii.

ARTICLE:

FOLIATION:

CONTENT:

ORIGIN:

DATING:

PROVENANCE:

ff. 1-54 (Bonizo of Sutri, Chron. Romanorum Pontificum, and Chronicle of Man, etc.) belonged to Rushen abbey, Isle of Man [Ker, MLGB, p. 164.]

Art. 3 (ff. - ) is presumably identifiable with the Chronica regum Mannie et insularum which John Leleand owned; cf. its incipit, Anno ab incarnatione domini M. Rex [John Bale, Index Britanniae Scriptorum, ed. R.L. Poole and M. Bateson (Oxford, 1902), p. 484.]

Art. 3 was bought from George Rookeby by Roger Dodsworth; Dodsworth states in a transcript of it that he made (now Cambridge, Gonville & Caius College, MS 793/828) that in 1621 he gave the original MS to Sir Robert Cotton [M.R. James, Supplement to the Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Library of Gonville and Caius College (Cambridge, 1914), pp. 41-2]. Smith states that Dodsworth gave the Man Chronicle in 1620.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A7






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. vii.

ARTICLE: Part of Smith's art. 10; Planta's art. 10.

FOLIATION: ff. 88v-90r (Planta's ff. 86v-88r)

CONTENT:

De mutatione mala Ordinis Cistercii, poem about the decay of the Cistercian order.

Begins: Dulcis ordo Cistercii dudum candens ut lilii.

ORIGIN: Probably composed in the environs of London, in about the late 13th century (Meyer).

DATING: Written in England, in the 14th century.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A7p10






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. viii.

ARTICLE:

FOLIATION:

CONTENT:

Thomas Otterbourne, Chronicle of the kings of England from Brutus to King Edward III, ending in 1359.

According to T.D. Hardy, it is based chiefly on William of Malmesbury and then Higden and the Historia Anglicana of Walsingham; Otterbourne occasionally adds to the last of these. "He seems to have [had] before him either the Cottonian MS Nero A. vi or the materials from which that was compiled" [T.D. Hardy, MS Continuation of his Descriptive Cat., P.R.O., PRO 37/77, f. 133].

Begins: "Nacto olim otio a tumultu seculi"

Ends: "circa hoc tempus illa magna et famosa comitiva est orta, et ex uariis nacionibus adunata, cuius duces pro maiori parte erant Angligene." The page is completed in a hand of the 16th or 17th century, ending: "Eodem etiam anno Rex Edwardus suum tenuit Parliamentum apud Westmonasterium, in quo quia suæ ætatis extitit annus quinquagesimus."

Kingsford suggested that "from certain characteristics of his Chronicle, [Otterbourne] appears, as his name implies, to have been of northern origin. He may possibly be identical with the Thomas Otterbourne who became rector of Chingford [co. Essex] in 1393" [English Historical Literature in the Fifteenth Century, p. 21].

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A8






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. ix.

ARTICLE:

FOLIATION: f. 2

CONTENT:

St Bernard, De vita reclusorum.

Begins: "Cum aliquid boni faciendo."

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A9f2






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. ix.

ARTICLE:

FOLIATION: f. 16

CONTENT:

De reclusis.

Begins: "Secunda secunde."

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A9f16






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. ix.

ARTICLE:

FOLIATION: f. 22

CONTENT:

St Bernard, Scala claustralium (a fragment).

Begins: "In die quadam corporali."

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A9f22






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. ix.

ARTICLE: Smith's, Planta's art. 1

FOLIATION: ff. 2-22v (misbound; correct order is: 2-11, 21, 18, 14-17, 13, 19-20, 12, 22)

CONTENT:

Rule for recluses, followed by tractates answering three Quaestiones of Aquinas about the solitary life.

Headed: "Ihesus. De vita reclusorum ut creditur sec[undum Bern]ardum."

Begins: "Cum aliquid boni faciendum accenderit (attenderit?) animum."

Ends: "ut dicit Augustinus in libro de dignitatibus quo supra. Explicit de reclusis exemplar falsum et incorrectum."

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A9p1






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. ix.

ARTICLE: Planta's arts. 5-7

FOLIATION: ff. 158-170

CONTENT:

Part of a register or letter-book of Abingdon abbey (co. Berks.).

ORIGIN:

DATING: Written in the early 14th century.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A9p7






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. x.

ARTICLE: Smith's, Planta's art. 2

FOLIATION: ff. 44-175 (misbound from Wanley's time until 1858, when order corrected by Madden)

CONTENT:

Martyrology.

Written around the turn of the 10th and 11th centuries (Ker), in four hands. There are 12th-century alterations to the text on ff. 153v, 159.

Incomplete; wants quires at beginning and end and after ff. 59 and 113.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A10p2






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. xi.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 7

FOLIATION: ff. 115-52

CONTENT:

William Fitz Stephen, life of St Thomas Becket.

ORIGIN:

DATING:

PROVENANCE:

Belonged to the Grey Friars, Hereford; cf. inscr. on f. 115? Vita beati thome archiepiscopi et martiris etc. de communitate fratrum minorum herford [M.R. James, "Addendum to the Library of the Grey Friars of Hereford", Collectanea Franciscana, i, ed. A.G. Little, M.R. James and H.M. Bannister (British Soc. of Franciscan Studies, v, 1914), pp. 154-5, at 155.]

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A11f115






MS British Library Cotton Julius A. xi.

ARTICLE: Planta's art. 7.

FOLIATION: ff. 115-152v.

CONTENT:

William FitzStephen, clerk of Thomas Becket, Life of Thomas Becket.

Incomplete, wanting the Prologue and chapter 1.

ORIGIN:

DATING: The Life was composed c. 1172-4; this copy was made in the late 12th or early 13th century.

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AUTHOR: Dr Nigel Ramsay
DATE: 22-7-98
SORTCODE: A-COTJUL-A11p7