City of London.
Containing a particular Inspection into the Ward in the Borough of Southwark: As also
the Suburbs of the City; And the Liberty of the Dutchy of Lancaster.
BRIDGE WARD WITHOUT, the 26th in Number,
consisting of the Borough of
Southwark, in the County of Surrey.
How this came to be one of the Wards.
King Edward's Grant of Southwark.
Christ's Church Parish.
The Bishop of Winchester's House.
St. Mary Overie.
St. Mary Magdalen.
St. Margaret on the Hill.
St. George's Southwark.
The Goals; White Lion; King's Bench; Marshalsea.
St. Thomas's Hospital.
Abbot of St. Augustin's Inn.
The Abby of Bermondsey.
St. Mary Magdalen Bermondsey.
This Borough farmed; Afterwards purchased of the Crown.
The present State of this Ward.
HAVING treated of Wards in LONDON, on the North
side the Thames (in number five and twenty) I am now to cross over the said River,
into the Borough of SOUTHWARK. Which is also a Ward of London without the
Walls, on the South side thereof, as is Portsoken on the East, and Faringdon extra on
It was anciently called the Village or Town of Southwark. And the City of London,
from ancient Times, endeavoured to get this Place under its own Jurisdiction; finding a
great Inconvenience by the Neighbourhood of it; Malefactors in London escaping
thither out of the Reach of the Cognizance and Punishment of the City Magistrates. But
how Matters stood in former Times between the City and Southwark, may in some
measure be seen by these Passages, some three or four hundred Years ago.
The City anciently endeavours to get Southwark
subject to it.
The City of London came to have a Propriety in this Borough for many long Years
past, by Petitioning the Parliament in the first Year of Edward III. Shewing the great
Mischief accruing to the Citizens of London by Malefactors, who did many lewd Deeds
there, and then fled to Southwark, out of the Reach of the City's Officers, and so were
secure. On this Reason the King granted the City a Charter for this Place; which was to
Edwardus Dei gratia, &c. i.e.
"Edward by the Grace of God King of England, Lord
of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitain, To all to whom the present Letters shall come,
Greeting. Know ye, That whereas our beloved, the Citizens of the City of London, by
their Petition before Us, and our Council, in our present Parliament, called together at
Westminster, exhibited; have given Us to understand, that Felons, Robbers, and divers
other Malefactors, and Disturbers of the Peace, who in the said City and elsewhere,
have commited Murthers, Robberies, and divers other Felonies, departing secretly from
the same City, after such Felonies committed, flee to the Village of Southwrek, and
cannot there be attacked by the Ministers of the said City: And are there publickly
received. So that they are made bolder by the defect of due Punishment, to commit
such Felonies. And therefore have besought of Us, for the Preservation of our "
Carta de Southwerk.
E. Libr Custumar. Lond. int. Record. Camer.
The Grant of Southwark to the City.