APPENDIX.12

APPENDIX.
A DESCRIPTION
Of the Most Honourable
City of LONDON.

The Situation thereof.

AMongst the noble Cities of the World, honoured by Fame, the City of LONDON, is the one principal Seat of the Kingdom of ENGLAND, whose Renown is spread abroad very far; but she transporteth her Wares and Commodities much farther, and advanceth her Head so much the higher. Happy she is in the Wholesomeness of the Air, in the Christian Religion, her Munition also and Strength, the Nature of her Situation, the Honour of her Citizens, the Chastity of her Matrons. Very pleasant also in her Sports and Pastimes, and replenished with Honourable Personages. All which I think meet severally to consider.

The Temperateness of the Air.

In this Place, the Calmness of the Air doth mollify Men Minds, not corrupting them with Venereal Lusts, but preserving them from savage and rude Behaviour, and seasoning their Inclinations with a more kind and free Temper.

Of Christian Religion there.

There is in the Church of Saint Paul a Bishop's See: It was formerly a Metropolitane, and as it is thought, shall recover the said Dignity again, if the Citizens shall return back into the Island; except, perhaps, the Archiepiscopal Title of St. Thomas the Martyr, and his bodily Presence, do perpetuate this Honour to Canterbury, where now his Reliques are. But seeing Saint Thomas hath graced both these Cities, namely, London with his Birth, and Canterbury with his Death; one Place may alledge more against the other, in Respect of the Sight of that Saint, with the Accession of Holiness. Now, concerning the Worship of God in the Christian Faith: There are in London and in the Suburbs 13 greater Conventual Churches, besides 126 lesser Parish Churches: [139 Churches in all.]

Of the Strength and Scite of the City.

It hath on the East Part a Tower Palatine, very large and very stong; whose Court and Walls rise up from a deep Foundation: The Morter is tempered with the Blood of Beasts. On the West are two Castles well fenced. The Wall of the City is high and great, continued with seven Gates, which are made double, and on the North distinguished with Turrets by Spaces. Likewise on the South London hath been inclosed with Walls and Towers, but the large River of Thames, well stored with Fish, and in which the Tide ebbs and flows, by Continuance of Time, hath washed, worn away, and cast down those Walls. Farther, above in the West Part, the King's Palace is eminently seated upon the same River; an incomparable Building, having a Wall before it, and some Bulwarks: It is two Miles from the City, continued with a Suburb full of People.

Of the Gardens planted.

Every where without the Houses of the Suburbs, the Citizens have Gardens and Orchards planted with Trees, large, beautiful, and one joying to another.

Of their Pastures.

On the North Side are Fields for Pasture, and open Meadows, very pleasant; among which the River Waters do flow, and the Wheels of the Mills are turned about with a delightful Noise. Very near lieth a large Forest, in which are wooddy Groves of wild Beasts. In the Coverts whereof do lurk Bucks and Does, wild Boars and Bulls.

Of the Fields.

The arable Lands are no hungry Pieces of Gravel Ground; but like the rich Fields of Asia, which bring plentiful Corn, and fill the Barns of those that till them with a dainty Crop of the Fruits of Ceres.

Of their Wells.

There are also about London, on the North of the Suburbs, choice Fountains of Water, sweet, wholesome, and clear, streaming forth among the glistening Pebble Stones: In this Number, Holy-well, Clerken-well, and Saint Clement's-well, are of most Note, and frequented above the rest, when Scholars, and the Youth of the City take the Air abroad in the Summer Evenings.

A good City, when it hath a good Lord.

Of the Citizens Honour.

This City is honoured with her Men, graced with her Arms, and peopled with a Multitude of Inhabitants. In the fatal Wars under King Stephen, there went out to a Muster, Men fit for War, esteemed to the Number of 20000 Horsemen armed, and 60000 Footmen. The Citizens of London are known in all Places, and respected above all other Citizens, for their civil

Demeanour,