Gresham College.25

Gresham College.

terpreter of Scripture, a Contemner of Riches, a most charitable Man, of strict Morals, and one of a most holy Life. † This was the Character of those Men, whom the Petitioners represented as Men of no Weight, of no Principles, nay, of Falshood and Partiality.

†Non intelligis quos homines & quales viros mortuos summi sceleris arguas? Cic. pro Rabir.

From thus supporting the Characters of the Authors cited by them, the Professors proceeded to justify themselves, as to the other Parts of the Charge against them. As to the not Reading on Holidays, they insisted on their superior Obligation to attend their Duty at Church, as also on the perpetual Practice of the Universities, and of all their Predecessors, who never read Lectures on Holidays; an early Proof of which is found in Dr. Holdsworth, who says, as is beforemention'd, // He should not read till that Day three Weeks, because, the following Monday was a State-Holiday, and the Monday after that, a Church Holiday. And in this Matter the Trustees were so far satisfy'd, that in their Order presently to be mention'd, they did not comply with the Petitioners in this Point, in directing Lectures to be read on Holidays. As to the not Reading in broken Weeks, the Professors justify'd that from the Practice likewise of their Predecessors; and also produc'd Letters from both the Universities, proving, that there the Divinity-Professor always open'd the Term. As to the last Part of the Complaint, the Unreasonableness of the Hours, the Professors were indifferent whether they remain'd the same or were alter'd.

//Monui vos præsentiam nostram usque ad diem ab hodierno tertiam non esse expectandam cum dies prima Reipublicæ sit devovenda, secunda Ecclesiæ, p 359, l. 2.

After both the Petitioners and Professors were withdrawn, the Trustees, after a long Debate, made an Order, dated October 4, 1706, the Preamble of which declares, that Application had been made by several Citizens and others, in Relation to the Lectures at Gresham College, setting forth, that the said Lecturers did not duly perform their Readings in Term-Time; for that if any Term did not begin on a Monday, that was taken for a broken Week, so no Lecture read that Week; and, in like Manner, if any Term did not end on a Saturday, that was taken for a broken Week, and no Lecture perform'd; whereby the Inhabitants of this City, and others, were much hinder'd of the Benefit which they might reap by the said Lectures. Wherefore they do order and direct, That for the future, those Lectures shall be perform'd by the several Professors on such Days of the Week as they now read in their several Sciences, at four Terms in every Year, as followeth, viz The first Term to begin the Monday before Michaelmass Term, of the Common Law, and to end with that Term. The second Term to begin the Monday before Hilary Term, and to end with that Term. The third Term to begin the Monday Sevennight after Easter-Day, and to end with Easter Term. The fourth Term to begin the Monday before Trinity Term, and to continue for one whole Month, viz. eight and twenty Days: And farther, It is order'd by this Committee, that the said Lecturers do begin to read their several Lectures at nine of the Clock in the Forenoon, and three in the Afternoon, precisely. This Order likewise sets forth, that it was made after consulting the Founder's Will, and Articles that were made soon after the Trust came to the City and Company: By which Articles are meant those Orders which are summarily deliver'd in Vol. I. p. 128. and at large in this second Appendix, p. 2. The Professors comply'd with this Order, with respect to the broken Weeks and Hours of Reading; but, finding the Order direct them to read out of the Term, contrary to all Custom and Usage, and this also by virtue of such Articles or Orders as were never look'd upon to have any legal Authority or Force, they went to Council, and were advis'd not to charge themselves with any new Duties, nor submit to the Authority of such Articles as they had good Reason to believe were never duly sign'd or legally ratify'd; wherefore, the greater Part of the Professors drew up a Paper, and waited on Sir Thomas Rawlinson, the Chair-man of the Committee, with it, which was as follows: Reasons why the Professors have not in all Points comply'd with the Order of the Honourable Committee, dated October 4, 1706. "First, We are, at our being chosen into our respective Places, directed to perform our Duty, according to the Custom and Practice of the Place. Secondly, We are able to give unquestionable Proof, that the Custom had been without any Interruption, to read only in Term-Time; and since it has been so, we are advis'd to be very careful how we charge our selves or our Successors with unnecessary Burthens. Thirdly, We are inform'd that the Ground upon which this Order to read out of Term is founded, is taken from some Articles which were never legally ratify'd, or admitted as legally ratify'd, either by the then Trustees or Professors: We therefore think that our Compliance with this Order might be look'd upon as allowing the Authority of those Articles, and so subject us to the rest of those Articles, which, when under Consideration, appear'd unreasonable both to yours and our Predecessors." The Professors had made Application to obtain an Order to examine these Articles in the Original, in the Committee's Books, but could not obtain Leave sufficiently to inspect them; however, when they came to the Lord-Mayor with the afore-mention'd Reasons, why they could not comply wholly with the late Order of the Trustees; they offer'd, likewise, to give in to the Committee their Exceptions, to the Legality and Validity of these Articles or Orders, in substance as follows:

First, they had this to offer, namely, that none of their Predecessors ever acknowledg'd the Validity of these Articles, or own'd the Obligation of them, because they, from the beginning, acted quite otherwise than these Articles direct. The Articles direct, that the Professors shall read three Times in each Week, and that on three distinct Days in the Week; but it has been prov'd, that from the very beginning, the Professors never have read otherwise than twice in the Week, and that both Times on the same Day. Again, the Articles direct, that the Professors should live and diet at a common Table, to be kept at a common Charge; but the Professors never had any such common Table, as Dr. Gwinne says in his foremention'd Book, where speaking of the Professors living together, he says, * they live not together, so as to have Commons at one Table. And as their Manner of living together was altogether different from what these Articles direct, so also was their Method of reading their Lectures; for none of all the Professors Lectures that have ever yet appear'd in print, have follow'd the Method directed by these Articles. The Articles say, that the Physick Professor † shall follow the Method of Fernelius, by reading Physiology, then Pathology, and last, Therapeuticy; but Dr. Gwinne, the first Physick Lecturer, read upon †† the Aphorisms of Hippocrates; and Dr. Winston, who was chosen in 1616, eight Years

*Una non vivimus, in mensâ scilicet. Gwinne's Orationes duæ. p. 80. l. 2.

†Vide, Vol. 1st. p. 129 a.

††Vide, Gwinne's Orationes duæ, p. 8.