Number of Inhabitants; and Antiquity of LONDON. 4

Number of Inhabitants; and Antiquity of LONDON.

cember 1717, (whereby may be computed the Number of Souls in London and Westminster, as well as the Increase of them) was,


In the 97 Parishes within the Walls,2592
In the 16 Parishes without the Walls,7479
In the 15 Out-Parishes in Middlesex and Surry,8370
In the Seven Parishes in the City and Suburbs of Westminster,5005
Burials in all23446]
And this last Year 1718, to Dec. 16. were Buried.26523

The City is about Sixty Miles from the Sea, which is not so nigh as to be in danger of a Surprizal by the Fleets of a Foreign Enemy, nor to be annoyed by the boisterous Winds, and unwholsome Vapours arising from thence. Neither is it so far, but that by the Help of one Tide every Twelve Hours, Ships of great Burthen are brought into her Bosom; so that it doth participate of those milder and warmer Vapours, which do arise from the Eastern, Western, and Southern Seas.

The Distance of London from the Sea.

R. B.

It is so commodiously seated in a manner in the Centre of the Kingdom, that it may the better communicate its Trade unto all the Inhabitants, having high Roads to most great Towns, for the conveniency of Carriage and Cattle; besides what is brought to London in Vessels by Sea; so that all Sorts of Provisions are had at as easy Rates, if not easier, than at any Town within 30 or 40 Miles distant from it.]

Commodiously seated.

Now for the Antiquity and History of this City, fetched from the antientest Records of Time.]

J. S.

As the Roman Writers, to glorify the City of Rome, drew the Original thereof from Gods, and Demi-gods, so Geffrey of Monmouth, the Welsh Historian, deduceth the Foundation of this famous City of LONDON, for the greater Glory thereof, and Emulation of Rome, from the very same Original. For he reporteth, that Brute Lineally descended from the Demi-god Eneas, the Son of Venus, Daughter of Jupiter, about the Year of the World 2855, and 1108, before the Nativity of Christ, builded this City near unto the River now called Thames, and named it TROYNOVANT, or TRENOVANT. But herein, as Livy, the most famous Historiographer of the Romans writeth; Antiquity is pardonable, and hath an especial Privilege, by interlacing Divine Matters with Human, to make the first Foundation of Cities more honourable, more Sacred, and as it were of greater Majesty.

London's Original and Antiquity.

Trinovantum hath the written Copy.

Livy.

This Tradition concerning the ancient Foundation of the City by Brute, was of such Credit, that it is asserted in an ancient Tract, preserved in the Archives of the Chamber of London; which is transcribed into the Liber Albus, and long before that by Horn, in his old Book of Laws and Customs, called Liber Horn. And a Copy of this Tract was drawn out of the City Books by the Mayor and Aldermen's special Order, and sent to K. Henry the VIth, in the Seventh Year of his Reign; which Copy yet remains among the Records of the Tower. The Tract is as followeth:

An old Tract asserting Brute the Founder.

J. S.

Recordatorium.

Inter Nobiles Urbes Orbis, &c. 1. "Among the noble Cities of the World which Fame cries up, the City of London, the only Seat of the Realm of England, is the principal, which widely spreads abroad the Rumour of its Name. It is happy for the Wholesomeness of the Air, for the Christian Religion, for its most worthy Liberty, and most antient Foundation. For according to the Credit of Chronicles, it is considerably older than Rome; and that it was by the same Trojan Author built by Brute, after the Likeness of great Troy, before that built by Romulus and Remus. Whence to this Day it useth and enjoyeth the ancient City Troy's Liberties, Rights and Customs. For it hath a Senatorial Dignity, and lesser Magistrates. And it hath Annual Sheriffs instead of Consuls. For whosoever repair thither, of whatsoever Condition they be, whether Free or Servants, they obtain there the Refuge of Defence and Freedom. Almost all the Bishops, Abbots, and Nobles of England, are as it were Citizens and Freemen of this City, having their Noble Inns here."

These, and many more Matters of Remark, worthy to be remembred, concerning this most noble City, remain in a very old Book, called Recordatorium Civitatis: and in the Book called Speculum.]

Lib. Alb.

King LUD (as the same Geffrey of Monmouth noteth) afterward [about 1060 Years after] not only repaired this City, but also increased the same with fair Buildings, Towers, and Walls; which after his own Name called it Caire-Lud, or Luds-Town. And the strong Gate which he builded in the West Part of the City, he likewise, for his own Honour, named Ludgate.

Caire Lud, the City of Lud. But Lud's Town is a Saxon word.

And in Process of Time, by mollifying the Word, it took the Name of LONDON; but some others will have it called Llongdin; a British Word, answering to the Saxon Word Shipton Shipton, that is, a Town of Ships. And indeed, none hath more Right to take unto it self that Name of Shipton, or Road of Ships, than this City, in regard of its commodious Situation for Shipping on so curious a Navigable River as the Thames, which swelling at certain Hours with the Ocean Tides, by a deep and safe Channel, is sufficient to bring up Ships of the greatest Burthen to her Sides, and thereby furnisheth her Inhabitants with the Riches of the known World; so that as her just Right she claimeth the Pre-eminency of all other Cities. And the Shipping lying at Anchor by her Walls, resembleth a Wood of Trees, disbranched of their Boughs.

Derivation of the word LONDON.

Camden.

R. B.

This City was in no small Repute, being built by the first Founder of the British Empire, and honoured with the Sepulchre of divers of their Kings, as Brute, Locrine, Cunodagius, and Gurbodus, Fathers of Ferrex and Porrex, being the last of the Line of Brute.

LONDON the Sepulture of the British Kings.

Mulmutius Dunwallo, Son of Cloton, Duke of Cornwal, having vanquished his Competitors, and settled the Land, caused to be Erected on, or near the Place, where now Blackwell-Hall standeth, (a Place made use of by the Clothiers for the Sale of their Cloath every Thursday) a Temple called the Temple of Peace; and after his Death was there Interred. And probably it was so ordered to gratify the Citizens, who favoured his Cause.

How settled by Brute.

A Temple built to Peace: Or as others, where S.Pauls now stands.

J. S.

Belinus (by which Name Dunwallo's Son was called) built an Haven in this Troynovant, with a Gate over it, which still bears the Name of Belingsgate [now Billingsgate.] And on the Pinacle was a Brazen Vessel Erected, in which was put the Ashes of his Body, burnt after his Death.]

An Haven built by Belinus.

The said Belinus is supposed to have built the Tower of London, and to have appointed three Chief Pontiffs to superintend all Religious Affairs throughout Britain; whereof one had his See in London; and the other Sees were York and Carleon.] But finding little on Record concerning the Actions of those Princes, until we come to the Reign of King LUD, it is thought unnecessary to take any further Notice of them. He was Eldest Son of Hely, who began his Reign about 69 Years before the Birth of Jesus Christ. A Prince much praised by Historians for his great Valour, noble Deeds, and Liberality, [ for amending the Laws of the Country, and forming the State of his Common-weal.] And in

King Beline.

J. S.

King Lud

R. B.

J. S.

particular,