Ald Gate Bishops Gate Moor Gate Cripple Gate Alders Gate New Gate Lud Gate Temple Barr
Here just South, going down divers Stone Steps, is the excellent Postern Spring,
an Iron Bowl and Chain fastened to catch the Water that runs from a small Spout.
only the said Gate, but the Wall thereabouts is quite taken away for some Space,
some Houses built in the Place. The Stones and Rubbish lye there which make a
great Heap. The Wall here was about 6 or 7 Foot in Breadth, and cemented
with irregular Pieces of Stone like a Rock.
The Postern Spring.
There is a Yard hard-by called George-Ally, built on each side with Dwelling
and is a a Passage to Tower-hill through the Wall, that was beat down since the
London, remaining in the Fashion of an Arch, through which Carts might pass: But
now also the Arch is demolished, and all the Wall quite taken away. Here one
a View of the Inside, and of the Breadth of London-Wall: It appears like a
with the Stones so cemented into the Work, that nothing but the greatest
separate them. On the West-side, about 14 or 15 Foot high are seen several old
Bricks put into the Work, between the Stones.]
An Arch made in the Wall hereabouts for passing.
The next Gate in the East is called Aeldgate, of the Antiquity or Age thereof.
one and the first of the Four principal Gates, and also one of the Seven double
mentioned by Fitz-stephen. It hath had two pair of Gates, though now but one,
Hooks of them both remain.
Also there hath been two Portcloses. The one of them remained till the new
the Gate. The other wanteth, and the Place of letting down was manifest. For
Antiquity of the Gate, it appeareth by a Charter of King Edgar to the Knights of
Knighton Guild, that in his Days the said Port was called Ealdgate, as you may
the Ward of Portsoken. Also Matilda the Queen, Wife to Henry the First, [in the
Year of his Reign] having founded the Priory of the Holy Trinity, within
unto the same Church, to Norman the first Prior, and the Canons that devoutly
God there-in, the Port of Aeldgate, and the Soke or Franchise thereunto
with all Customs, as free as she held the same, &c. In the which Charter
the House Christ-Church, and reporteth Aelgate to be of her Demain.
Soke or Court.
More, I read in the Year 1215, that in the Civil Wars between King John and his
Barons, the Londoners assisting the Barons Faction, who then besieged
and after came to Bedford Castle, where they were well received by William
Beauchampe, and Captain of the same: Having then also secret Intelligence, that
might enter the City of London, if they would, they removed their Camp to Ware,
whence in the Night coming to London they entred Aeldgate, and placing Guardians
Keepers of the Gates, they disposed of all Things in the City at their Pleasure.
They spoiled the Fryars Houses, and searched their Coffers; which being done,
Fitzwater, Jeffrey Magnavile, Earl of Essex, and the Earl of Glocester, chief
the Army, applyed all diligence to repair the Gates and Walls of this City, with
Stones taken from the Jews broken Houses; namely, Aeldgate, being then most
ruinous, (which had given them an easy Entry) they repaired, or rather newly
after the manner of the Normans, strongly Arched, with Bulwarks of Stone brought
from Cane in Normandy, and small Brick, called Flanders Tile, was brought from
thence, such as hath been here used since the Conquest, and not before.
Aldgate new Builded.
In the Year 1471, the 11th of Edward the IVth,
Thomas the Bastard Fawconbridge, having assembled a riotous Company of Shipmen
and others in Essex and Kent, came to London with a great Navy of Ships near to
Tower; whereupon the Maior and Aldermen, by consent of a Common-Council,
fortified all along the Thames side, from Baynard's-Castle to the Tower, with
Men, Guns, and other Instruments of War, to resist the Invasion of the Mariners.
Whereby the Thames, side was safely preserved and kept by the Aldermen and other
Citizens, that assembled thither in great Numbers. Whereupon the Rebels being
Passage thorough the City that way, set upon Aeldgate, Bishopsgate, Creplegate,
Aldersgate, London-Bridge, and along the River of Thames; shooting Arrows and
Guns into the City, fired the Suburbs, and burned more than threescore Houses.
further, on Sunday the Eleventh of May, Five Thousand of them assaulting
won the Bulwarks and entred the City; but the Portclose being let down, such as
entred were slain; and Robert Basset, Alderman of Aeldgate Ward, with the
commanded in the Name of God to draw up the Portclose; which being done they
issued out, and with sharp Shot and fierce Fight, put their Enemies back so far
Buttolph's Church. By which time the Earl Rivers, and the Lieutenant of the
was come with a fresh Company; which joyning together discomfited the Rebels,
put them to flight; whom the aforesaid Robert Basset, with other Citizens,
the Miles-end, and from thence, some to Popular, some to Stratford; slew many,
took many of them Prisoners. In the mean while, the Bastard having assayed
Places upon the Water-side, and little prevailing, fled towards his Ships.
Thomas L. Fawconbridge set upon Aldgate.
Rebels won the Bulwarks of Aelgate.
Lieutenant of the Tower assisted the Citizens against the Rebels.
Add concerning Aldgate, that near it antiently on the Wall was a Turret; whereon
placed an Hermitage; which in the Reign of Edward I. was presented to the King's
Judges at an Inquisition in the Tower: Hermitagium situm est in Turretto muri
Lond. prope Algate: & edificatur 4 ped. extra Turretum muri predict. in via
built Four Foot without the Turret in the King's Way.
Turret on the Wall near Aldgate.
Baga Quo Warr. Lond.
Pet. Le Nev. Nor.
From this Gate towards Bishopsgate was a Passage or Lane, between the Wall and
Priory of the Holy Trinity, about 13 Foot Broad, which the Prior and Convent
up with a Wall of Earth, in the troublesome Times of Henry III, who was angry
the City, and took away their Privileges. In the beginning of the Reign of his
Edward it was presented to the Judges Itinerants by the Citizens. And it was
that so it had been stopt up for Seven Years, ad ex heredationem Reg. &
Civitat. London, i.e. to the hurt of the City, and the disinheriting of the
King: for so
they called it, when the King's High-way was encroached upon.]
The Lane from this Gate by the Wall stopt.
Thus much for Algate as it was and continued in those Elder Days; but the new
Building thereof remaineth, till I come to speak of the Ward wherein the same
Aldgate taken down.
This Gate being very old and ruinous, began to be taken down, Anno 1606, and in
taking down of which, and searching the Foundation for the Erecting a new one,
antient Pieces of Roman Coin were found amongst the Rubbish, two of which Mr.
Martin Bond (a worthy Citizen, and one of the Surveyor's of this Work) caused to
carved in Stone (according to their true Form and Figure) and fixed on either
side of the
Gates Arch without Eastward. The rest of these Roman Coins were sent for by the
Lord Maior and Court of Aldermen to the Guildhall where they still remain.
Antient Roman Coins found there.
Upon the 10th of April, 1607, the aforesaid Mr. Bond laid the first Foundation
Began to be New Built.