"After many Mercies shewn You, are now appointed to dye to Morrow in the
Give Ear and understand, that to Morrow Morning in the greatest Bell of St.
shall Toll for You, in Form and Manner of a passing Bell, as used to be tolled
that are at the Point of Death, To the End that all Godly People hearing that
knowing it is for You going to your Deaths, may be stirred up heartily to pray
to God to
bestow his Grace and Mercy upon you, whilst you live; I beseech you for Jesus
his sake to keep this Night in Watching and Prayer for the Salvation of your own
Souls, while there is yet Time and Place for Mercy: as knowing Tomorrow you must
appear before the Judgment-Seat of your Creator, there to give an Account of all
done in this Life, and to suffer Eternal Torments for your Sins committed
unless upon your hearty and unfeigned Repentance, you find Mercy, through the
Merits, Death, and Passion of your only Mediator and Advocate Jesus Christ. Who
now sits at the Right Hand of God, to make Intercession for as many of you, as
penitently return to him.
The Admonition to be pronounced to the condemned Criminals, as they are passing
St. Sepulchre's Church-Wall to Execution.
All good People pray heartily unto God for these poor Sinners, who are now going
to their Death, for whom this great Bell doth Toll."
"You that are condemned to Dye, Repent with lamentable Tears: Ask Mercy of the
for the Salvation of your own Souls, through the Merits, Death, and Passion of
Christ, who now sits at the Right Hand of God, to make Intercession for as many
you as penitently return unto him."
Lord have Mercy upon You.
Christ have Mercy upon You.
Lord have Mercy upon You.
Christ have Mercy upon You.]
In the West is the next and Sixth principal Gate, and is called Ludgate, at
(saith Geoffrey Monmouth) by King Lud a Britain, about the Year before Christ's
Nativity, 66. Of which Building, and also of the Name, as Ludsgate or
hath been of late some Question among the Learned, wherefore I overpass it as
my Purpose; only referring the Reader to that I have before written out of
Commentaries, and other Roman Writers, concerning a Town or City amongst the
Britains. This Gate I suppose to be one of the most Ancient; and as Aldgate was
Builded for the East, so was this Ludsgate for the West. I read, as I told you,
the Year 1215, the 17th of King John, the Barons of the Realm being in Arms
the King, entred this City, and spoiled the Jews Houses; which being done,
Fitzwater, and Geffrey de Magna villa, Earl of Essex, and the Earl of
Leaders of the Army, applyed all Diligence to repair the Gates and Walls of this
with the Stones of the Jews broken Houses. Especially (as it seemeth) they then
repaired (or rather Builded) Ludgate. For in the Year 1586, when the same Gate
taken down to be new Builded, [which cost the City more than 3000l.] there was
Couched within the Wall thereof, a Stone taken from one of the Jews Houses,
was engraved in Hebrew Characters these Words
following,: xxx, Hæc est statio Rabbi
filii insignis Rabbi Isaac; which is to say, This is the Station or Ward of
the Son of the Honourable Rabbi Isaac. And it had been fixed upon the Front of
the Jews Houses, as a Note or Sign that such an one dwelled there.
The Sixth Gate.
Ludgate new built.
Jews Houses spoiled.
Thus I have corrected these Hebrew Words, which in all the former Editions had almost as many Mistakes as Letters. J. S.
The Lord Coke takes notice of the Antiquity, and dates it earlier than here it
namely, before the 23. of Henry 2, Anno 1177. And further, will not have this
to be an
Inscription upon an House, but an Epitaph upon some Jews Grave. And taking that
granted, he shews from Hovenden, that before the 23d Year of K. Henry II. all
Jews were Buried within the City of London; but that Year the King gave License
Jews of his Land to have a Burying-Place in any City in England, but without the
Walls, where they could buy a fit Place to Bury their Dead; and this from that
Words, Prius enim omnes Judæi Mortui Londonia ferebantur sepeliendi; but
may be interpreted, that the Dead Jews were carried from London to be Buried, as
as in London, and perhaps better; that is, at a greater distance, but now they
Favour to be Buried nearer, even in the Suburbs. But however that be, that
Judge was undoubtedly mistaken in the Hebrew Word xxx, which
always signifies a Station, (as Stow hath set
a Place where a Man's Station or Dwelling is, and never for and Epitaph.]
Institut. Part 3. P.203.
A Jews Station. Inscription on it.
In the Year 1260, this Ludgate was Repaired and Beautified with Images of Lud,
other Kings, as appeareth by Letters Patents of License given to the Citizens of
London, to take up Stone for the making of those Images, Dated the 25th of Henry
Third. These Images of Kings, in the Reign of Edward the Sixth had their Heads
smitten off, and were otherwise defaced, by unadvised Folks, and such as judged
Image to be an Idol; and in the Reign of Queen Mary were Repaired, as by setting
Heads on their old Bodies, &c. All which so remained until the Year 1586,
the 28th of
Queen Elizabeth when the same Gate (being sore decayed) was clean taken down,
Prisoners in the mean time remaining in the large South East Quadrant of the
adjoining; and the same Year the whole Gate was newly and beautifully Builded,
the Images of Lud and others (as afore) on the Eastside, and the Picture of her
Queen Elizabeth on the Westside. All which was done at the common Charges of
Citizens, amounting to 1500l. or more.
Ludgate again new Builded.
Ludgate enlarged in the Reign of Q. Elizabeth.
This Gate was made a free Prison in the Year 1378, the First of Richard the
Nicholas Brembar being Maior. The same was confirmed in the Year 1382, John
Northampton being Maior, by a Common-Council in the Guildhall. By which it was
Ordained, that all Freemen of this City, should for Debt, Trespasses, Accompts,
Contempts, be imprisoned in Ludgate; and for Treasons, Felonies, and other
Offences, commited to Newgate, &c.
Ludgate a free Prison.
In the Year 1439, the Tenth of K. Henry the Sixth, John Wells being Maior, a
Common Council Established Ordinances, (as William Standon and Robert Chicheley,
late Maiors, before had done) touching the Guard and government of Ludgate, and
Also in the Year 1463, the Third of Edward the Fourth, Mathew Philip being
a Common Council, at the Request of the well disposed, blessed, and devout
Dame Agnes Forster, Widow, late Wife to Stephen Forster, Fishmonger, sometime
Maior, for the Comfort and Relief of all the poor Prisoners, certain Articles
Established. Imprimis, That the new Works,
Memory of a worthy Woman.