|Waters serving this City. Thames Water, &c.||27
the River of Uxbridge, to the said North side of London. And that by a
Instrument, he propounded this Invention in Writing to the Lord Burghley: Whom
told in his Paper, that he moved this, not by Skill of Art or Learning, which he
profess; but only by an assured and infallibly grounded Consideration, taken by
Difference of the Heighth of the said Uxbridge River at the Place or Head
and the River of Thames right below the same toward Lalam. Which was, he said,
be compared to the Difference between the upper End of Holborn; which was a
the New Water, and Thames right against it below the Strand. Which Thing
noted, did shew the easy Possibility, and sufficient Current to that Place with
Leading. For that the Country lay well for that Purpose: Yet very dark, and
hard to all, that took not with them the Consideration aforesaid.
hath pleased God to bestow this Blessing, and to appoint me an Instrument in a
best pleasing unto his Will: Shewing, that in all Ages, neither Power, Wisdom,
Learning or Strength, can perform an Act, until the appointed Time, and the
to effect it."
This Project the said Lord Burghley was so pleased with, that he, in Russel's
drew with his own Hand the River and the Town adjacent, describing the River
Istleworth, and another River, how they fell into Uxbridge River, and how that
Let me add moreover in this place the mention of an Italian, named Frederick
that propounded an Invention to the abovesaid Lord, for Water-works for London,
Anno 1591. Which should benefit the City two ways. First, to cleanse the
Ditches in and about the City; such as Houndsditch, Fleetditch, &c. and to
bring, in the
room of this Filth, Plenty of wholesome clear Water, for the Use of the
And Seondly, To be an Expedient for the spedier and more
quenching of Houses on fire. Whereby Twenty five or Thirty Persons should do
than Three Hundred otherwise. And this the said Italian prayed the Lord
make known to the Queen on his behalf.
An Italian propounds an useful Invention of Water for the City.
At present, the Supply of London with good Thames Water is like to be very much
enlarged by the great Improvement of the Water-works of Peter Morice, before
mentioned; who being an High Dutchman, in the 23d of Q. Elizabith, first gave
Assurance of his Skill in raising the Thames Water so high as should supply the
Parts of London. For the Maior and Aldermen came down to observe the
and they saw him throw the Water over S. Magnus Steeple. Before which Time, no
such Thing was known in England, as this raising of Water. Whereupon the City
Morice a Lease for Five Hundred Years, of the Use of the Thames Water, and the
where his Mills stood, and of one of the Arches of London Bridge; paying Ten
Shillings into the Chamber of London, as an Acknowledgment. Two Years after,
City let him another Lease; wherein they granted him the same Term of Five
Years, and another, that is, the Second Arch of the Bridge; seeing him so well
what he undertook in the first, as that Lease specified.
The present Supply of the City with the Thames Water.
This Lease and the Business and Benefit thereof hath continued in the Family of
Morices till Michaelmas 1701. When the present Owner perceiving how the New
undermined him, and impaired his Profits, he agreed to sell all his Right and
Richard Soams, Citizen and Goldsmith of London, for the Sum of 38000l.
But Soams foreseeing that he should have need of another Arch for more Water,
Morice, the better to enable Soams to go through with this great Bargain,
City for another Arch, to raise more Water. Hereupon there were several
appointed to examine, whether the granting the Fourth Arch (for the Third
Wharfinger) would not incommode, and be a Stoppage to the River. But they
in their Report, that it would be no Damage to let the Fourth Arch go to this
it was granted to Morice; and he added his whole Interest in this Grant of the
Arch to Soams's Bargain.
The Lease of Morice for the Thames Water sold to Soams.
Thus having gotten through with Morice, he took a Lease of the City at Twenty
Shillings, and 300l. Fine, for so much Time as was unexpired of the Five Hundred
Years granted to Morice. And now Soams hath divided the Propriety of this Lease
Three Hundred Shares, and made it a Company; the Price of each Share being set
500l. And so the Profits to be divided. It hath a good Prospect of turning to
and to gain upon the New River, having some Advantages of that Water.
There is another Water for the Supply of the City, called Maribone Water,
comes from Maribone: And several other Conduit Waters there be; which the City
certain Persons, at 700l. a Year, and 5650l. Fine, and a Year's Rent aforehand.
let presently after the Orphans Acts was obtained. These Lessees had made a
Bargain for themselves; and my Lord Keeper discharged them of it. Now the City
let all these Conduit Waters to the beforesaid Soams, at the former Rent of
Ann. Tax-free. And so he hath within himself and his Partners all the Waters
supply the City, except the New River. In this Lease also the City hath
themselves the Proportion of Five Ton an Hour of the said Conduit Water, for the
of the Prisons and Counters, and other publick Places. Tho' it hath been
some, that all the Water of those Conduits would hardly afford so much.
Let is be added, that Southwark might also be well supplied with this necessary
Water, and, that the City might withal be good Husbands for themselves, to raise
Revenue as much as they could; they revived an old Act of Parliament, whereby
City had Power to have Water on all sides of London for Five Miles about, to
Supply thereof to the City. So on Southwark side, for the furnishing that
with good Water, some Gentlemen took a Lease of the City for Waters arising that
at 550l. Fine, and 250l. a Year. But after all their Pains, they could find no
sufficient for their Purpose that way; and so the Lord Keeper discharged them
their Inability. Southwark useth chiefly the Water of Thames; that falls into a
Pond in S. Mary Overies, that drives a Mill, called S. Saviour's Mill. The
whereof is one Mr. Gulston. The Revenue thereof is supposed by some to be worth
1300l. a Year.
Supply of Water for Southwark.
Besides these Waters brought into the City from abroad, it affords Abundance of
excellent Springs every where within it self; the Waters whereof are much
Particularly, the Pump at S. Martin's Outwich Church, the Pump near S.
Church, the Pump in S. Paul's Churchyard, the Pump in Christ's Hospital: At all
which Places, and others, are Iron Dishes hanging, for the Use of Strangers to
There be also many good Springs in the Lanes ascending from Thames-street.]
Excellent Springs within the City.