|Towers and Castles. Castle Baynard. ||61
nances, fell from the Possession of the Fitzwaters, I have not read;
only I find, that in the Year 1428. the Seventh of Henry VI. a great
Fire was at Baynards Castle; and that Humphrey Duke of
Gloucester builded it new. By his Death and Attainder in the Year
1446. it came to the Hands of Henry VI. and from him to Richard
Duke of York, of whom we read, that in the Year 1457, he lodged
there as in his own House.
Baynard's Castle perished by Fire. Humphrey Duke of Gloucester new builded it.
Richard Duke of York, Owner of Baynard's Castle.
In the Year 1460, the 28th of February, the Earls of March and of
Warwick, with a great Power of Men, (but few of Name) entred
the City of London, where they were of the Citizens joyfully
received; and upon the Third of March, being Sunday, the said Earl
caused his People to be mustred in S. John's Field; where unto that
Host was shewed and proclaimed certain Articles and Points,
wherein King Henry, as they said, had offended; and thereupon it
was demanded of the said People, Whether the said Henry was
worthy to reign as King any longer, or not? Whereunto the People
cried, Nay. Then it was asked of them, Whether they would have
the Earl of March for their King? And they cried, Yea, yea.
Whereupon certain Captains were appointed to bear Report
thereof to the said Earl of March, then being lodged at his Castle of
Baynard. Whereof when the Earl was by them advertised, he
thanked God and them for their Election; notwithstanding, he
shewed some Countenance of Insufficiency in him, to occupy so
great a Charge; till by Exhortation of the Archbishop of
Canterbury, the Bishop of Excester, and certain Noblemen, he
granted to their Petition. And on the next Morrow at Pauls, he
went on Procession, offered, and had Te Deum sung. Then was he
with great Royalty conveyed to Westminster, and there in the
great Hall set in the King's Seat, with St. Edward's Scepter in his
Edward IV. elected in St. John's Field.
Earl of March lodgeth in his Castle Baynard.
Edward IV. took on him the Crown in Baynard's Castle.
In the Seventh Year of King Edward's Reign, many Men were
arrested of Treason surmised against them, where-through many
of them were put to Death, and other escaped for great Sums of
Money. Amongst whom were, Sir Tho. Cooke, Sir John Plummer,
Knights, Humphrey Heyward, and other Aldermen of London
arrested, and charged with Treason: Whereof they were acquitted;
but they lost their Goods to the King, to the Value of 40000 Marks,
or more, as some have written. And for Example, Sir Tho. Cooke,
lately before Lord Maior of London, was by one named Hawkins,
appeached of Treason; for which he was committed to the Tower,
his Place in London seized on by the Lord Rivers, and his Lady and
Servants clearly put out thereof; the Cause being thus:
Ex Lib. Erswick.
Treason surmised against many Men.
Divers Aldermen unjustly charged with Treason.
The forenamed Hawkins came (upon a Time) to the said Sir
Thomas Cooke, requesting him to lend him a Thousand Marks
upon good Surety; whereunto he answered, that he would first
know for whom it should be. At length understanding that it
should be for the Use of Queen Margaret; he answered, He had no
current Wares, whereof any Shift might be made, without too
much Loss; and therefore required Hawkins to move him no
further, for he intended not to deal therewithal. Yet the said
Hawkins requested but one Hundred Pounds at length, and went
away without it, or the Value of One Penny, and never after came
again to move him. Which rested so for 2 or 3 Years after, till the
said Hawkins was committed to the Tower; and brought at length
to the Brake or Rack, commonly called, The Duke of Excester's
Daughter, because he was the Deviser of that Torture. By means
of which Pain, he revealed many Things; and among the rest, the
Motion which he had made to Sir Thomas Cooke, was one. In
regard whereof, the said Sir Thomas was troubled, as you have
heard; and a Jury, by the means
of Sir John Fogg, indicted him of Treason. After which, an Oyer
Determiner was held in the Guild-hall, where sate the Lord Maior,
the Duke of Clarence, the Earl of Warwick, the Lord Rivers, Sir
John Fogge, with other of the King's Council.
The Reason of Sir Thomas Cooke's Troubles.
The Brake, or Rack in the Tower, usually called, The Duke of Excester's Daughter.
An Oyer Determiner for the Trial of Sir Thomas Cooke.
To this Place was the said Sir Thomas brought, and there
arraigned upon Life and Death: Where he was acquitted of the said
Indictment, and sent to the Compter in Breadstreet, and from
thence to the King's Bench. Being thus acquitted, his Wife got
Possession again of his House, the which she found in a very evil
Plight; for the Servants of Sir John Fogge, and of the Lord Rivers,
had made Havock of what they listed. Also, at his Place at Giddy
Hall in Essex, another sort had destroyed the Deer in his Park, his
Conies and Fish; and spared not Brass, Pewter, Bedding, and all
that they could carry away; for which never a Penny might be
gotten back again in Recompence, nor Sir Thomas Cooke be
delivered, until he had paid 8000 Pounds to the King, and 800
Pounds to the Queen. And because that Sir John Markham, Knight,
then Chief Justice of the Pleas, determined somewhat against the
King's Pleasure (that the Offence done by Sir Thomas Cooke was no
Treason, but Misprision, the which was no Desert of Death, but to
be fined at the King's Pleasure:) the Lord Rivers, and the Dutchess
of Bedford his Wife, procured, that he lost his Office afterward.
Sir Thomas Cooke acquitted by the Jury.
When Men are in Distress, much Spoil is made of them.
Sir John Markham, Lord Chief Justice, lost his Office for doing Justice.
Edward IV. being dead, leaving his eldest Son Edward, and his
second Son Richard, both Infants; Richard Duke of Gloucester, then
Protector, practised here for the Crown, and as it were by Election
of the Commons in the Guild-hall of London, took on him the Title
of the Realm, as offered and imposed upon him, in this Baynard's
Castle, as ye may read set down and penned by Sir Thomas Moore,
and in my Annals.
Richard the Third took on him the Crown in Baynard's Castle.
Henry the Seventh, about the Year 1487. the 31st of his Reign,
repaired, or rather new builded this House, not imbattelled, or so
strongly fortified Castle-like; but far more beautiful and
commodious for the Entertainment of any Prince or great Estate.
In the Seventh of his Reign, he, with his Queen, were lodged there,
and came from thence to Paul's Church, where they made their
Offering, dined in the Bishop's Palace, and so returned.
Baynard's Castle repaired by K Hen. VII.
The 18th of his Reign he was lodged there; and the Ambassadors
from the King of the Romans were thither brought to his Presence,
and from thence the King came to Paul's; and was there sworn to
the King of the Romans, as the said King had sworn to him.
The Twentieth of the said King, he, with the Knights of the Order,
all in their Habits of the Garter, rode from the Tower of London
through the City, unto the Cathedral Church of St. Paul's, and there
heard Evensong; and from thence they rode to Baynard's Castle,
where the King lodged, and on the next Morrow, in the same Habit,
they rode from thence again to the said Church of St. Paul's, went
on Procession, heard the Divine Service, offered, and returned.
The same Year the King of Castile was lodged there.
Henry the Seventh and Knights of the Garter rode in their Habits from the Tower to Paul's Church; and thence to Baynard's Castle.
This Castle came afterwards to the Earls of Pembroke.
In the Year 1553, the 19th of July, the Council, partly moved with
the Right of the Lady Mary's Cause, partly considering, that the
most of the Realm was wholly bent on her side, changing their
Mind from the Lady Jane, lately proclaimed Queen; assembled
themselves at this Baynard's Castle, where they communed with
the Earl of Pembroke, and the Earl of Shrewsbury, and Sir John
Mason, Clerk of the Council, sent for the Lord Maior; and then
riding into Cheap to the Cross, where Garter King at Arms
The Council assembled at Baynard's Castle, and proclaimed Queen Mary.