TOWER of London.64

TOWER of London.
CHAP. XV.

Of the TOWER of London . Its Situation and Magnitude . The Liberties of it . S. Peter's Church in the Tower . Its Governor and Principal Officers. Constable . His Privileges . Lieutenant of the Tower . Custos's of the Tower . Gentleman Porter ; Gentleman Jaylor : The Lieutenancy of the Tower .

THUS having dispatched these Antiquated Towers of London, we go on to the Royal Tower, yet extant and flourishing. Of which many Things were spoken by Stow, and many more will be added, for the further Knowledge of it, and Continuance of its History down to the present Times.

J. S.

To have a satisfactory Account of the Situation, Form, and the various Places, Apartments, and Parts of the Tower, it would be desirable, that there were certain particular Maps and Prospects of it, both as it was formerly, and at present: The doing of which must be left to some ingenious and skilful Person. And such an one there is, now a worthy Officer there, that hath had such an useful Design, and 'tis hoped will bring it to Perfection in due Time.]

Pospects for the Tower.

Serjeant Porter.

The City of London (saith Fitzstephen) hath in the East a very great and most strong Palatine Tower; whose Turrets and Walls do rise from a deep Foundation; the Mortar thereof being tempered with the Blood of Beasts. In the West Parts are Two most strong Castles, &c.

The Tower of London.

Fitzstephen.

To begin therefore with this most famous Tower of London, situate in the East, near unto the River of Thames.

And here, for the better Description of this important Part of the City, divers Things are to be particularly shewed. As, I. Its Situation and Magnitude. II. The Liberties and Bounds of it. III. The Church of S. Peter within the Tower. IV. The Governors and principal Officers. V. Its Antiquity and first Buildings. VI. Of the Enlarging, Repairing, and Fortifying of it. VII. Of such Actions, Accidents, and remarkable Occurrences (of several kinds) as have at divers Times been transacted, or fallen out within the Confines of it. VIII. Of the Mint. IX. Of the Office of the Ordnance. X. Of the several Offices; Viz. Of keeping the Records, the Regalia, and the Lions; with other Offices of Moment kept there.]

J. S.


Of the Situation and Magnitude of this Great Fortress, the TOWER.

 

It is situate upon a large Plot of Ground, called the Tower Liberty, which contains both the Tower Hills, viz. the greater and the lesser, and Part of East Smithfield, Rosemary Lane, Well-Close, &c.

How situate.

R. B.

It is encompassed with a broad and deep Ditch, supplied with Water out of the Thames, which is its Southern Bounds; and over this Ditch it hath Two Bridges, one for Carts and Coaches, by the Lions Tower; and the other for Foot-Passengers, over a Draw- Bridge on the South side.

Besides, it hath a Passage, or Cut out of the Thames, which is called Traitors Bridge; so called, for that formerly all Persons committed to the Tower for Treason, were brought through thither by Boat.

The Piece of Ground on which the Tower stands, contains Twenty six Acres, a Rod, and something more.

Its Extent.

The Compass about the Tower, on the Outside of the Ditch, is 3156 Foot. And the Quantity of Ground comprehended within the Walls and Ditch, is Twelve Acres, and odd Rods. The whole, with its Liberty as aforesaid, contains something above Twenty six Acres of Ground.

Its Compass.

A Sight of this Tower is here represented, taken from the River of Thames, and an Ichnographical Ground Plot; in which you may see the Position and Situation of the several Places mentioned in this Discouse of the Tower; all of them being either express'd by Letters, or Figures, according to this following Table; which is a better Satisfaction to the Reader, than a Multitude of Words.

A Plan of the Tower.


Table of References

 

Places noted in the Ground-Plot; are,


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
The Lyons
The Middle
The Bell
Beauchamp
Dwelling
Flint
Bowyer
Martin
Castle
Broad Arrows
Salt
Well
Cradle
Lantern
St. Thomas
Hall
Bloody
The Lieutenant's Lodgings.
The Mint.
The Magazine.
The Office of Ordnance.
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The other Places, which have no Names nor Figures set to them, are Dwelling Houses belonging to the Warders, and other Officers, of the Tower.]

Whereas the Tower is said to be within the City of London, it is (saith Lord Coke) thus to be understood: That the Ancient Wall of London (the Mention whereof yet appeareth) extendeth through the Tower: And all that which is environed with the said Wall, viz. on the West Part thereof, is within the City of London; that is to say, in the Parish of All Saints Barking, within the Ward of the Tower. And the Residue of the Tower on the East Part of the Ancient Wall, is within the County of Middlesex. And this, upon View and Examination, was found out, Mic. 13. Jacob. Regis, in the Case of

Tower, how within the City.

Coke Instit. P. 4.

J. S.

Sir