|TOWER of London. Accidents. ||86
the least) for such a Fact, all England be not put under
Unneath could he pronounce these Words, before they cried out
with an horrible Noise; That they neither feared the Interdiction,
nor allowed the Pope to be above them. The Archbishop seeing
Death at hand, with comfortable Words (as he was an eloquent
Man, and wise beyond all the wise Men of the Realm) spake fairly
to them. Lastly, After Forgiveness granted to the Executioner that
should behead him, kneeling down, he offered his Neck to him
that should smite off his Head. Being stricken in the Neck, but not
deadly, he putting his Hand to his Neck, said, Aha, It is the Hand of
God. He had not removed his Hand from the Place where the Pain
was, but that being suddenly stricken again, his Fingers Ends
being cut off, and Part of the Arteries, he fell down; but yet he
died not, till being mangled with Eight several Strokes in the Neck
and Head, he fulfilled most worthy Martyrdom. There lay his
Body unburied all that Friday, and the Morrow till Afternoon;
none daring to deliver his Body to Sepulture. His Head those
wicked Villains took, and nailing thereon his Hood, they fixed it on
a Pole, and set it on London Bridge, in the Place where before
stood the Head of Sir John Minstarworth.
The Archbishop of Canterbury most cruelly
beheaded by the Rebels.
The Inhumanity to his Body after he was
This Archbishop, Simon Tibald, alias Sudbury, Son to Nicolas
Tibald, Gentleman, born in the Town of Sudbury in Suffolk, Doctor
of both Laws, was Eighteen Years Bishop of London; in the which
Time, he builded a goodly College, in place where his Father's
House stood, and endowed it with great Possessions; furnishing the
same with Secular Clarks, and other Ministers; being valued at the
Suppression, at 122l. 16s. in Lands by the Year. He builded the
upper End of St. Gregory's Church at Sudbury. Afterward, being
translated to the Archbishoprick of Canterbury, Anno 1375, he re-
edified the Walls of that City, from the West Gate (which he
builded) to the North Gate; which had been destroyed by the
Danes, before the Conquest of K. William the Bastard.
A further Relation concerning this worthy
Archbishop, and his Religious Actions.
The Walls of Canterbury re-edified by this
He was slain, as you have heard, and afterward buried in the
Cathedral Church of Canterbury. There died with him Sir Robert
Hales, a most valiant Knight, Lord of St. John's, and Treasurer of
England; and John Legg, one of the King's Serjeants at Arms; and a
Franciscan Fryar, named W. Appledore, [Appleton] the King's
Confessor: All whom they drew out of the Tower, and beheaded
them on Tower-Hill. Richard Lyons also, a famous Lapidary and
Goldsmith, late one of the Sheriffs of London, was drawn out of his
House, and beheaded in Cheap. Many that Day were beheaded, as
well Flemings as Englishmen, for no Cause; but only to fulfil the
Cruelty of the rude Commons. For it was a solemn Pastime to
them, if they could take any that was not sworn to them, to take
from such a one his Hood, with their accustomed Clamours, and
forthwith to behead him. Neither did they shew any Reverence to
Sacred Places; for in the very Churches they did kill any whom
they had in Hatred. They fetched Thirteen Flemings out of the
Augustin Fryars Church in London, and Seventeen out of another
Church, and Thirty two in the Vintry, and so in other Places of the
City, as also in Southwark; all which they beheaded; except they
could plainly pronounce Bread and Cheese. For if their Speech
sounded any thing on Brot or Cawse, off went their Heads, as a
sure Mark that they were Flemings.
The Lord Prior of S. John's beheaded with the
Many beheaded, both Flemings and English, to
fulfil the headstrong Cruelty of the Commons.
The Villains made a Pastime of putting Men to
The King coming to the Mile's-End, the Place before recited, was
greatly afraid, beholding the
mad-headed Commons; who (with forward Countenances)
required many Things, which they had put in Writing, and to be
confirmed by the King's Letters Patents.
The Demands made by the Rebels to the King at Mile's-End.
1. That all Men should be Free from Servitude and Bondage; so as
(from thenceforth) there should be no Bondmen.
The first Article.
2. That he should pardon all Men, of what Estate soever, all
manner of Actions and Insurrections committed, and all manner of
Treasons, Felonies, Transgressions and Extortions, by any of them
done, and to grant them Peace.
The Second Article.
3. That all Men (from thenceforth) might be enfrancished to buy
and sell in every County, City, Borough, Town, Fair, Market, and
other Place within the Realm of England.
The Third Article.
4. That no Acre of Land, holden in Bondage or Service, should be
holden but for Four Pence: And if it had been holden for less in
former Time, it should not hereafter be inhansed.
The Fourth Article.
These, and many other Things they required: And told him
moreover, That he had been evilly governed till that Day; but from
that Time forward, he must be governed otherwise.
Reprehension of the King's Government.
The King perceiving that he could not escape, except he granted to
their Request, yielded to the same; and so craving Truce, departed
from them; and the Essex Men returned homeward. On the
Morrow, being Saturday, and the 15th of June, the King (after
Dinner) went from the Wardrobe in the Royal in London, to
Westminster, to visit the Shrine of St. Edward the King, and to see
if they had done any Mischief there. Then went he to the Chapel,
called our Lady in the Piew, where he made his Prayers; and
returning by the Suburbs of West Smithfield, he found all that
Place full of People, to wit, the Kentish Men. Wherefore he sent to
shew them, That their Fellows, the Essex Men, were gone home;
and that he would grant to them the like Form of Peace, if it liked
them to accept thereof.
A hard Extremity for a King.
The Essex Men returned home.
The King goeth to Westminster.
The King sendeth to the Kentish Men.
Their Chief Captain, named John, or, as other affirm, Walter
Hilliard, alias Tylar, being a crafty Fellow, and of an excellent Wit,
but wanting Grace, answered; That he desired Peace, but with
Conditions to his Liking: Meaning to feed the King with fair Words
until next Day, that he might in the Night Time have compassed
his Purpose. For they thought (the same Night) to have spoiled
the City; the King being first slain, and the Great Lords that were
about him; then to have burnt the City, by setting Fire in Four
Parts thereof. But God that resisteth the Proud, did suddenly
disappoint him. For whereas the Form of Peace was written in
three several Charters, and thrice sent to him; none of them could
please him. Wherefore at length, the King sent to him one of his
Knights, named Sir John Newton, not so much to command as to
intreat him (for his Pride was well enough known) to come and
talk with him about his own Demands, to have them put into his
Charter: Of which Demands I will set down One, that it may plainly
appear, how contrary to Reason all the rest were.
Walter Hilliard, alias Tylar, their Chief
The wicked and bloody Intent of the Rebels in
TheKing sendeth Sir John Newton to Wat Tylar,
about his own Demands.
First, He would have a Commission to behead all Lawyers,
Escheators, and others whatsoever, that were Learned in the Law,
or communicated with the Law, by reason of their Office. For he
had conceived in his Mind, that this being brought
One of Wat Tylar's arrogant Demands made to