TOWER of London. Accidents. 88

TOWER of London. Accidents.

ther, who was lodged in the Tower Royal, called the Queen's Wardrobe. And there she had remained two Days and two Nights, very much abashed and amazed. But when she saw the King her Son, she was highly comforted, and said, Ah fair Son, what great Sorrow have I suffered for you this Day! The King answered, and said; "Certainly, Madam, I know it well; but now rejoice, and thank God, for I have this Day recovered my Heritage, and the Realm of England, which I had near hand lost."

The comfortable Words of the King to his Mother.

The Archbishop's Head was taken off the Bridge, and Wat Tylar's Head set up in the Place.

Wat Tyler's Head.

Here we are further to consider, that for an eternal Remembrance of this happy Day, and the Cities Honour withal, the King granted, that there should be a Dagger added to the Arms of the City, in the Right Quarter of the Shield, for an Augmentation of the same Arms, and a Memory of the Lord Maior's valiant Act, as doth appear unto this Day. For till that Time, the City bare only the Cross without the Dagger.

The Arms of London augmented by Addition of a Dagger.

And whereas it hath been far spread abroad by vulgar Opinion, that the Rebel smitten down so manfully by Sir William Walworth, the then worthy Lord Maior of London, was named Jack Straw, and not Wat Tylar; I thought good to reconcile this rash conceived Doubt, by such Testimony as I find in ancient and good Records. The principal Leaders and Captains of the Commons, were Wat Tylar, as the first Man that took himself to be offended. The second was John or Jack Straw; the third, was John Kirkby; the fourth, Allen Thredder; the fifth, Thomas Scot; the sixth, Ralph Rugge. These, and many other, were Leaders of the Kentish and Essex Men. At Mildenhall, and Bury in Suffolk, was Robert Westbrome, that made himself a King; and was most famous, next to John Wrawe, who being a Priest, could not set Crown upon Crown; but left the Name of King and Crown to the same Robert. At Norwich, John Litester, a Dyer, exercised the Name and Power of a King, till he was taken and hanged for his Pains. Thus dangerously had this Rebellion dispersed it self abroad. But the happy and prosperous Success at London, with other good Care for them further off, gave a gracious Issue to all in the End.

Concerning vulgar mistaking the Captain's Name of the Rebels.

The Name of the chief Captains and Ring Leaders in the Rebellion.

The Rebellion had extended it self into many Pieces.

After the Death of Wat Tylar, and Jack Straw being taken, with divers other, as chief Actors in this monstrous Disorder; the forenamed Lord Maior sat in Judgment upon the Offenders, and pronounced the Sentence of Death upon them. At which Time, the Lord Maior spake openly to him thus: John (quoth he) behold, thy Death is at hand without all doubt, and there is no Way through which thou mayst hope to escape; wherefore, for thy Soul's Health, without making any Lie, tell us what you purposed to have done among you; and to what End you did assemble the Commons? When he had stayed a while, as doubtful what to say, the Maior began thus again to him: Surely thou knowest, John, that the Thing which I demand of thee, if thou do it truly, it will redound to thy Soul's Health, &c. He therefore, animated by the Lord Maior's good Words began as followeth:

The Lord Maior sat in Judgment on the Rebels; and his Words that he used to Jack Straw.

The Confession of Jack Straw to the Lord Maior of London, before his Death.


"Now it booteth not to lie, neither is it lawful to utter any Untruth; especially understanding that my Soul is to suffer more straiter Torments, if I should so do. And because I hope for two Commodities by speaking the Truth: First, That what I shall speak, may profit the Commonwealth; And Secondly, after my Death, I trust by your Suffrages to be succoured, accord- ing to your Promises, which is to pray for me; I will speak faithfully, and without any Deceit."

" At the same Time as we were assembled upon Blackheath, and had sent to the King to come unto us; our Purpose was to have slain all such Knights, Squires, and Gentlemen, as should have given their Attendance thither upon him. And as for the King, we would have kept him among us, to the End that the People might more boldly have repaired to us; sith they would have thought, that whatsoever we did, the same had been done by his Authority. Finally, when we had gotten Power enough, that we needed not to fear any Force which might be made against us, we would have slain all such Noblemen as might either have given Counsel, or made any Resistance against us; especially we would have slain the Knights of the Rhodes or St. John's: And lastly, We would have killed the King himself, and all Men of Possessions; with Bishops, Monks, Canons, and Parsons of Churches. Only Friars Mendicants we would have spared, that might have sufficed for Ministration of the Sacraments."

What they intended to do at Black Heath.

Their Intent for keeping the King.

The killing of all Noblemen.

Killing the King, and all that had any Possessions.

" When we had made a Riddance of all those, we would have devised Laws, according to which Laws the Subjects of the Realm should have lived. For we would have created Kings, as Wat Tylar in Kent, and other in other Countries. But because this our Purpose was disappointed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, that would not permit the King to come to us; we sought by all means to dispatch him out of the way, as at length we did. Moreover, the same Evening that Wat Tylar was killed, we were determined (having the greatest Part of the Commons of the City bent to join with us) to have set Fire in Four Corners of the City, and so to have divided among our selves the Spoil of the chiefest Riches that might have been found, at our own Pleasure. And this (said he) was our Purpose, as God may help me now at my last End."

Laws devised by themselves.

Creation of Kings among them.

Their Malice to the Archbishop; for what Cause.

Their Intent to burn London.

After this Confession made, he was beheaded, and his Head set on London Bridge by Wat Tylar's, and many other.]

Now to proceed to other Actions in the Tower.

In the Year 1387, King Richard held his Feast of Christmass in the Tower. And in the Year 1389, the same King was sent Prisoner to the Tower.

K. Richard II. kept Christmas in the Tower.

Sir John Oldcastle brake out of the Tower.

In the Year 1414, Sir John Oldcastle brake out of the Tower. And the same Year a Parliament being holden at Leicester; a Porter of the Tower was drawn, hanged, and headed, whose Head was sent up, and set over the Tower Gate, for consenting to one Whitlooke, that brake out of the Tower.

The Porter of the Tower hanged.

In the Year 1419, Fryar Randulph was sent to the Tower; and was there slain by the Parson of St. Peter's in the Tower.

Friar Randulph in the Tower.

In the Year 1426, there came to London a lewd Fellow, feigning himself to be sent from the Emperor to the young King, Henry the Sixth, calling himself the Baron of Blackamore; and that he should be the principal Physician in this Kingdom: But his Subtilty being known, he was apprehended, condemned, drawn, hanged, headed and quartered. His Head set on the Tower of London, and his Quarters on the Four Gates of the City.

A Counterfeit Physician's Head set on the Tower of London.

In the Year 1458, in Whitsun-Week, the Duke of Somerset, with Anthony Rivers, and other Four, kept Justs before the Queen in the Tower of London, against Three Esquires of the Queen's, and others.

Justing in the Tower.

A. M.

In the Year 1465, King Henry the Sixth was brought Prisoner to the Tower, where he remained long.

K. Henry VI. Prisoner in the Tower.