TOWER of London. The Mint. 100

TOWER of London. The Mint.

Brought over9530800
Graver.Derick Anthony.300000
Finer.Thomas Glenton.200000
Clerk of the Irons.Humphrey Wells.130608
Sinker of the Irons.John Laurens.20 0000
Pureveyor,John Towars.130608
Blanchers,Six.At 13l. 6s. 8d each.600000
Melters,Five.Three whereof at 13l. 6s 8d,
one at 10l.
one at 7l.0s.
571000
Labourers to the
Melters and
Blanchers,
Four.At 10l. each.400000
A Smith,100000
A Potmaker,William Foxlow, [that
slept so long.]
100000
A Porter,100000
Clerk of the In-
dentures.
100000
The Sum of all the said Yearly Fees. 10871000

Anno 1572, Regin. Elizabeth, 14. She granted a Patent to John Lonison, during Life, to be Master Worker of the Monies in the Tower, and elsewhere through this Realm. And his Allowance was 14d ¼. upon every Pound of Silver coined. This Man coined Money, Six Pence Farthing in the Pound under the Standard, and short of the Weight for divers Years; pretending that his Indenture bore him out, as it seemed indeed to do. Richard Martin, Warden of the Mint, was the chief Man that sued him; his Office being to oversee Matters of the Mint. This Controversy between Martin and Lonison continued for some Years. For in the Year 1574, the Lord Treasurer left the Matter to Peter Osborn, the Remembrancer, an able and honest Man. Martin and Lonison had several Conferences before the said Osborn, expounding the Articles of their Indentures. Osborn bad them draw out two Books each, concerning their own Minds. The Warden did so, and sent his by Osborn to the Lord Treasurer, concerning the Meaning of the said Articles. Lonison had Order to draw out his Book; and that he should set down simply what he thought was the meaning of the Articles, for his Turn and Purpose. These two Books saved the Lord Treasurer abundance of Pains, and would serve to give Light to the Queen's learned Council and the Judges, the more skilfully to judge of, and understand the Matter, and to Artsmen also to find the Difference between them, which it seems was not so easily discoverable.

Lonison, Master Worker of the Monies.

Richard Martin, Warden of the Mint, sues Lonison.

This held till the Year 1578, when the Queen appointed Commissioners to enquire into Lonison's Doings; who pretended to them, that he did it because 14d. was too little to bear out the Charges. In fine, the Commissioners were contented to allow him 15d. for every Pound Weight. And if he would not accept of that, to be discharged of what was past, and the Queen to make choice of another Officer in his Place, and to allow him a Pension of 300l. a Year, during his Life, to be paid out the Coinage. The Commissioners were Persons of the hight Rank, Viz. Nicholas Bacon, Lord Keeper; William Lord Burghley, Lord Treasurer; Thomas, Earl of Sussex; Robert, Earl of Leicester; Sir Christopher Hatton; Sir Francis Walsingham, and Sir Walter Mildmay; all Privy Counsellors.

Commissioners for Lonison's Business.

And here I will subjoin the very Report and Opinion of the said Lords, and other her Majesties Commissioners touching this Controversy in the Mint Causes, given May the 24th, 1578. And the rather, because somewhat of the Nature of the Mint in those Days may be known.

Their Report and Opinion in the Matter.

"First, they find, that the Standard for Silver Monies, appointed by her Majesty, is 11 Ounces, 2 Penny weight fine Silver; and 18 Penny weight for Allay in every Pound Weight. Which is the ancient Standard of the Sterling of England."

" Item, They find that every Person, bringing Bullion to be coined, must deliver the same Bullion at the Fineness of the Standard."

" Whereupon they think, that no Bullion ought to be put to melting to make Sterling Monies, of less Fineness than the Standard aforesaid."

" And therefore do like best, (if it may so stand with her Majesties good Pleasure) that the said Standard should, by the Oversight and Advouchment of the Warden, be kept in the Commixture and Melting of the said Bullion, being the first and principal Action of the whole Work. Which they think is agreeable with the Tenor of the Indentures; and is agreeable unto Justice, in yielding unto the Subjects as good Silver in their Monies, as they delivered to make the same; and is also most for the publick Utility of the Realm, in preserving the Riches of the Coin, being the common Measure and Valure of all Things, bought and sold, both within the Realm, and without."

" By which Restitution of the Coin to its Perfection, it will fall out, that her Majesty then must forbear a Part of that Gain, which now she hath; albeit in the Riches of her Treasure it will be sufficiently recompensed."

" That whereout of the 18d. which the Subject payeth for the Coinage, Waste, and Workmanship of every Pound Weight, her Majesty now hath 10d, and the Master 8d. there is taken from the Monies, as the Coinage is now in Weight and Fineness, 6d¼. more, to make up 14d¼. for the Masters Allowance, without which he cannot perform the Work. And if the Standard should be restored in perfection, then "

the