Tower of LONDON. Wild Beasts here. 119

Tower of LONDON. Wild Beasts here.

was superior to them in Strength, yet it seems they were his Match in Courage.

There was a Spaniel Dog, for some Offence or other, cast into the Lion's Den: But the Lion did not attempt to hurt him. And this Dog continued in the Den with the Lion several Years, and there died.]

This Story may be subjoined. In the Month of June, 1609, a Resolution was taken to make Trial of the Valour of the Lion: Which should be, by turning him loose to a Bear. Which Bear had killed a Child; for which it was thought convenient that he should suffer Death. The Bear was brought and turned loose in an open Yard: Then a Lion was turned out of his Den to him; but he would not assault him, but fled from him. And so was it done with other Lions, one after another; and lastly, Two together were turned to him. But none set upon him, but rather sought to return to their Dens. A Stone Horse soon after was put into the Yard with the first Lion and the Bear. The Horse fell to grazing between them, after he had gazed a little upon them. Two Mastiff Dogs were let in, who boldly fought with the Lion. Afterwards Six Dogs more were let in: Who flew upon the Horse, most in sight at their first Entrance; and would soon have worried him to Death, had not Three stout Bearwards entred in, and rescued the Horse, and brought away the Dogs, while the Lion and Bear stood staring upon them. At this Sight were present, King James, the Queen and Prince, and divers great Lords. But tho' the Bear had so escaped this Bout, the King gave Command he should be baited to Death with Dogs upon a Stage; and so he was. Abridgm. of Engl. Chronicle.

A Trial of a Combat between a Lion and a Bear.

J. S.

The wild Beasts and other savage Animals in the Tower, June 1704, were these, in their several Dens and Apartments.

What Beasts, &c. now in the Tower.

SIX LIONS. First, a She Lion; which was presented to King William by Admiral Russel. Secondly, a He Lion, being about Six Years old; brought over by Captain Littleton. Sir Thomas Littleton presented him to King William. Thirdly, Another Lion presented to Queen Anne by the Lord Grandville: It came to the Tower on Easter- Monday, Anno 1703. Fourthly, Two young Lions, sent to Queen Anne from the King of Barbary. They came in October, 1703. Fifthly, Yet another young Lion, brought over for the young Duke of Glocester.

Lions.

In July, Anno 1708, The Emperor of Morocco's Ambassador came to London, and brought Five Lions, a Present from his Master to the Queen.

TWO LEOPARDS, or Tygers. One ever since K. Charles the Second's Time; but now in Decay: The other very beautiful and lovely to look upon; lying and playing, and turning upon her Back wantonly, when I saw her.

Leopards.

Three EAGLES, in several Apartments. One had been there Fourteen or Fifteen Year; called a Bald Eagle, with a white Head and Neck.

Eagles.

Two Swedish OWLS, of a great Bigness, called Hopkins. They were presented to K. Charles.

CATS of the Mountains, Two: Walking continually backwards and forwards. One of them was presented to Queen Anne; of the Colour somewhat of a Hare: Much larger than our ordinary domestick Cats; and very cruel.

Cats.

A JACKALL. Much like a Fox, but bigger, and longer legged, and more grisled.

Jackall.

These Creatures have a rank Smell; which hath so affected the Air of the Place, (tho' there is a Garden adjoining) that it hath much injured the Health of the Man that attends them, and so stuffed up his Head, that it affects his Speech. And yet their Dens are cleansed every Day; and they have fresh Water set them Day and Night.

Here be also the Skins of Two dead Lions stuffed. One died two Days before K. Charles the Second. The other was the Queen Dowager's Lion.

On a Table hanging against the Wall of the House where the Keeper of the Lions dwelleth, is thus writ:

March the 29th, 1703. Then brought here a Lion, presented to the Queen by the Right Honourable the Lord Granville. October the 1st, 1703. Brought Two young Lions, presented to the Queen by the King of South Barbary.

There were also other wild Creatures in former Times belonging to the Kings; and Keepers appointed for them.

Keeper of the King's Bears and Apes.

King Richard III. appointed a Keeper for his Bears and Apes: But these were for his Game. The said King's Letters ran, "To all Maiors, Sheriffs, Bailiffs, Constables, &c. Signifying, That he had made and constituted John Brome, Master, Guider and Ruler of all our Bears and Apes, to us appertaining within the Realm of England and Wales. Charging them not to molest, trouble or vex, or inquiet him, or his Keepers of our said Bears and Apes: But to shew to him, and his Keepers of our said Game for our Pleasure, all loving Benevolence and Favour. Anno Primo."

Ledger. K. Rich. III.

And perhaps, besides these divers Custodies in the Tower mentioned already, there are, or were others: As the Custody of the Little Wardrobe there. And there was a Patent 36. Henry VI. wherein the Office of the Custody of the Little Wardrobe in the Tower was regranted; because it was not granted before by the Name of the Keeper of the King's Beds, and other Things within the Tower of London.

Little Wardrobe in the Tower.

There was also the Custody of the Tower Work.

Keeper of the Tower Work.

In the 25th of K. Henry III. when the Church of S. Peter's in the Tower, and the White Tower wanted Repair, that King directed his Command Custodibus Operationis Turris, i.e. to the Keepers of the Work of the Tower, to see it done.]

And thus much concerning the Tower, and the various and sundry Matters relating to it: And now to conclude thereof in Summary.

The Use of the Tower to defend the City, &c.

This Tower is a Citadel, to defend or command the City: A Royal Palace for Assemblies and Treaties: A Prsion of Estate, for the most dangerous Offenders: The only Place of Coinage for all England at this Time: The Armory for warlike Provision; The Treasury of the Ornaments and Jewels of the Crown; and general Conserver of the most [Ancient] Records of the King's Courts of Justice at Westminster.

CHAP.