in order to consider of and examine the said Petition, Whether, by the Will of
Founder, the Fact be rightly stated. And did thereupon recommend it to the said
Committee to give such Redress in the Premises, as might seem to them just,
to the Tenor, and true Intent and Meaning of the Will.]
The Complainants in the mean while Printed an Account in a Broad Sheet, called,
Case of Gresham-College, relating to the Lectures there: In which they set forth
good Intentions, namely, to encourage Learning, to fulfil the Will of the Dead,
other popular Pleas; and at the same Time inveighed against the Professors, as
ungrateful to their great Benefactor, and negligent and slothful in the
Discharge of their
Duty; and this they fixed up in the most publick Places of the City, and put
Hands of the Lord Maior, the Aldermen, and of each Member of the Committee.
The Progess thereof.
On the 7th of June, the Grand Committee met, to examine into those Complaints,
the Petitioners and Professors all appeared: The Petitioners had their Petition
which was enlarged upon by a Councellor, whom they had retained for this
And the Professors were also heard in their own Defence, which was to this
"That they had regularly and duly discharged their Duties in the same Manner,
Order, and Times, as it had been ever executed by any of their Predecessors,
first Institution, to that very Time: That at their Election, they were by their
then given them, bound to perform their Duty, according to the Custom and
the Place: That this Custom and Practice had been never to read, but in
they proved from the Accounts given of this Institution by every Author, that
first Founding these Lectures, till the present Time, had professedly treated of
which Authorities they cited, and produced the Books themselves, to justify the
Fairness of their Citations: Whereas on the contrary, the Petitioners could give
Instance, where the Professors ever read out of the Term-Time, or produce any
Author that asserted it to be their Duty. That as to the Word Daily, in the
Will, it was
an Academick Word, and to be understood in the Sense the Universities use the
Weekly, when they speak of such publick Lectures, namely, each Week in the
and not each Week in the Year; and for this they produced the Authority of the
University Statutes, as well as Letters from the then Professors in the
But the Particulars of their Defence, shall be fully inserted in the Appendix *
*Vid. 2d Appendix, p. 18? 19, &c.
The Issue of the whole Matter was, that the Committee was divided; some of them
understanding the Words of the Will in the Sense of the Petitioners, but more in
Sense of the Professors; conceiving that what had been ever the Practice, ought
any unreasonable Clamour to be altered. However, to give some Content to the
Petitioners, they made an Order, Dated October the 4th, enjoining that the
should not only read in the broken Weeks, but begin their Readings some few Days
before the Terms, and that they should alter the Hour of Two in the Afternoon,
Three. The Professors complied with this Order so far, as to read in the broken
and to alter their Hour, but were advised by Council not to read out of the
which they therefore refused, and presented to Sir Thomas Rawlinson, the
their Reasons for such Refusal. The Petitioners were not satisfied with this
therefore desired, both of Sir Thomas Rawlinson, and his Successor, Sir Robert
Bedingfield, a Rehearing, but never obtained one: For the Committee being either
with what had already passed, or rather seeing no reason to alter what had been
without any Interruption, the Practice and Custom of the Place, and no ways
to the Founder's Will, gave the Petitioners no farther Meetings, to their great
and Disappointment, but to the fair Justification of the then Professors, whose
were in 1707.
Result of this? Complaint.
Divinity, Dr. Laney.
Civil Law, R. Briggs, A.M.
Astronomy, Dr. Torriano.
Geometry, A. Tooke, A.M.
Rhetorick, E. Martin, A.M.
Physick, Dr. Woodward.
Musick, R. Shippen, A.M.
The College of Physicians.
The Usefulness of this College.
Their Charter granted by K. Henry VIII.
Privileges of this College.
Dispensaries set up by them.
College of HERALDS.
Contentions among them.
Divers Remarks concerning the Heralds.
Some of them very Learned.
Mr. Gybbons, Blewmantle, his
An Order from the Lord Bindon, Deputy
BEsides this College of Gresham's Founding, where
Lectures of all the Arts and Sciences are read; there are also in the City other
where some particular Parts of Learning and Knowledge are professed. As the
of Physicians, for the Science of Physick; the College of Heralds, for the Study
Profession of Honour, and Blazoning of Coats of Arms, and Knowledge of
and of Noble or Genteel Families: Sion-College, for Divinity. To which we add,
Doctors Commons, for the Study, and Practice also, of Civil and Ecclesiastical
and the Laws of Nations.
Other Colleges of Learning.
The COLLEGE of PHYSICIANS.
The College, or Corporation of Physicians, by their Charter (since confirmed by
Parliament) have certain Privileges granted unto
them; by which no Man, tho' a Graduate in Physick in either of the Universities,
without a License under the Seal of the College, practise Physick within the
within Seven Miles Circuit; Neither in any Part of the Kingdom, not having taken
Degree in either of the Universities of the Land.
College of Physicians, and their Privileges.
By their Charter, likewise, they can administer an Oath, impose a Fine or
on the Offender, in that and some other Respects. They have Authority to search
examine the Drugs and Compositions in any Apothecary's Shop, to see if they are
good, and well made up. They can make By-Laws, for their Government. They can
purchase Lands or Houses for the Society. They may use a Common Seal, &c.
by their Charter may practise Surgery, if they