of Bayhal, to the Value of C Shillings, and an Annuity of 8l. 6s. 8d. of the
the Lordship of Huntingfield, in the County of Kent. To Thomas Holme, alias
Clarencieux King of Arms in the South Parts, xxl. of the Customs and Subsidy of
Exeter and Dartmouth; and xxl. more, of the Annuity of the Lordship of Walden,
County of Essex; for Term of Life. Gloucester Herald; To him, his Heirs and
for ever, the Manor of Oven in Kent, with all the Lands, Tenements, &c. late
Besides these Salaries, when the Kings of England went their Progresses, they
commonly took their Heralds along with them; and these then had their daily
Allowances. Thus in the Year 1552, in a Progress of King Edward VI. he took
with him in his Retinue the Four Kings at Arms; reckoning in Ulster for the
Somerset Herald, Rouge Dragon, and Blue Mantle, Pursuivants; and appointed
Allowances to them for their Diet, from July the 5th, to the 7th of October;
the Time of the King's Progress) Viz. To Garter, 10s. by the Day: To the Three
Kings, 6s. 8d. per diem: To Somerset, 4s. And to the Two Pursuivants, 2s.
K. Edward VI. in a Progress takes the Heralds along with him.
There are divers Things remain, that seem worthy to be added to what is already
concerning this College of Honour: As, Concerning the Usefulness of it; The
Qualifications of those that are to be admitted into it: Its Antiquity,
and other private Matters relating to the Heralds.
Several remarkable Matters concerning this Office.
It is placed within Castle Baynard Ward, near Paul's Wharf, in the Parish of St.
The Usefulness of it appears, in that it is an Office Conservatory of Ancient
and of the Memory of Persons of Nobility, Quality, and Merit, either for their
Ecclesiastical Preferments, Exploits in War, Serviceableness in the
Wisdom in Government, Favour with their Princes, or the like; Together with
Pedigrees and Posterities, in whatsoever County in England they have lived. It
highly useful, for the ascertaining many Doubts relating to Names and Families,
putting a Conclusion to Contentions in Law about Right Heirs, Legitimacy,
The Usefulness of it.
And as the Office is Honourable, and of great Import; so none are to be admitted
but Persons learned, and of ingenuous Education, and studious of Heraldry, and
trick Coats of Arms, and to paint. As may appear by the Suit of Anthony Hall,
1593, to the Lord Treasurer, who acted then in the Earl Marshal's Office, by a
Commission from the Queen; That his Son Anthony Hall might be admitted a
Pursuivant at Arms; being a Scholar bred up at Cambridge in Immanuel College,
since professing the Law at Bernard's Inn; and by the Lord Anderson's Gift,
the Prothonotary's Office in the Common Pleas: And his Inclination apt to gather
Gentlemens Coats, as well on Church Windows, Stone Walls, as on Noblemens
Tombs; whereby he had collected some 30000, or more Coats, of his own tricking
writing; besides a pretty Skill in counterfeiting Pictures after the Life, or
Those admitted to this Office, how to be qualified.
Sir Gilbert Dethick, Garter, Principal King of Arms under King Edward VI. was
instrumental in procuring the House, College and Corporation of the Heralds,
Privileges. For tho' Queen Mary vulgarly, and according to Stow, hath the
this Gift; yet indeed, it more truly belonged to that King. For, (as
appears in a Volume of the Cotton Library) in the Year 1552, the Earl of Derby's
was then in the Tenure of Sir Richard Sackvile, Kt. when the said Place, with
other Messuages and Hereditaments, were sold to King Edward, by an Indenture
bearing Date November the 24th, Anno Regni 6. For which the King, in Exchange,
made over to the Earl certain Lands, called Leonard's Lands, joining to the
called Knowsley Park, in the County of Lancaster, and lately belonging to the
Monastery of Briscow; of the yearly Value of 20s. with other Lands, &c. to
Value of 41. 10s. and - -. And a Mese and a Grange, called Badley Grange,
Value of 42s. per Ann. in Cheshire. All which amounted to the Value of 7l. 12s.
Date hereof was January the 24th. This Gift, I suppose, might be confirmed by
Mary, K. Edward's Successor.
K. Edward gave the Earl of Derby's Place to the Heralds.
Ledger-Book of Chancellor Goodrick, Julius, B. 9.
But tho' the Heralds had now a College, or General Office, yet for some Time
they had not the Conveniences of Habitations here, to dwell together; but lived
own private Houses, where they could provide themselves; whereby they kept their
Visitation-Books at Home: For so Leigh's Words import, in his Accidents of
speaking how far the Heralds were sometimes to seek, when the Gentleman of
Blood came to see his Pedigree; because they had no several House where they
plant their Offices, and in that Place to make their Libraries for their
Provinces. For as
they were all now here, now there; so when they died, their Wives sold for a
Money their Books of Visitation, which cost them much Travail.
No Habitations for the Heralds in the College.
Accidents of Armory, f. 79. b. printed Anno 1568.
This Office for preserving of Honour was ancient. For when in the 28th of Henry
Gerald Fitz Maurice (who was Justice of Ireland) died, as it seems, at
Henry III. Four or Five Hundred Years ago, (viz. An. 1244) issued out of his
Command to the Keepers of that Archbishoprick, Quod emi faciant unum pulchrum
Lapidem, ponend. super Corpus Geraldi Fil. Mauric. Justiciar Hibern. In quo
faciant Scutum ipsius Geraldi, cum Armis suis. Teste Rege apud Roff. 20. Die
Novembr. i.e. That they cause to be bought a fair Stone, to be laid upon the
Gerald Fitz Maurice, Justice of Ireland: Whereon to be set his Shield with his
The Antiquity of this Office.
Liberat. 28. H. III. m. 19.
And in the Time of Edward I. Thomas Earl of Lancaster, Leicester and Derby, and
Constable of England, ordained by Special Reformation, That no Man should wear
Hood on his Shoulder in Time of Mourning, except he were a Gentleman; but only a
Tippet of three Nails Breadth. Also, That no Parson, Curate, Churchwarden, or
others, should put down any Atchievement, Coat of Arms, or Pinion, or erase any
Tomb out of Churches or Churchyards. And that no Goldsmith, Coppersmith,
Painter, or Marbler, should have to do with Arms, without the Consent of the
Arms of that Province. And that they should not set a Merchant's Mark within a
Scutcheon. And that this should be the more diligently look'd to, he ordained,
the Kings of Arms should keep their Chapters once every Quarter of the Year at
And that they should make their Visitation in their Provinces, or their Marshals
them, every Seventh Year. To conclude; He ordained, That the Herehaughts, [i.e.
Heralds] at the Interment of every Gentleman, (where they were called to that
should take the Pedigree, with diligent Examination of old Folks then living,
record the same.
Leigh's Act of Armory.
In former Times, the Number of the Officers that belonged to this Corporation
The unsettled State of this Office in Times past.