College of Heralds. Commissions. 137

College of Heralds. Commissions.

the Precedency uncertain; and Contentions and Differences sprang up among them, concerning their Rights and Privileges.

Besides the Three Kings of Arms, there was a Fourth, who was called Ulster; first created by King Edward VI. chiefly for the Use of Ireland. And the first that enjoyed it, was Bartholomew Butler, (Anno 6. Edward VI.) York Herald. Then was made also Philip Butler, alias Athlone, Pursuivant of Arms there. And upon their Creation, a Warrant was issued to Sir Rafe Sadler, Knight, of the King's Wardrobe, to deliver to Bar. Butler, alias Ulster King at Arms of Ireland, one Coat of Blue and Crimson Velvet, embroidered with Gold and Silver upon the same with the King's Arms: And to Philip Butler, alias Athlone Pursuivant at Arms there, one Coat of Sarsnet of the King's Colours, with the Arms laid on with Gold and Purple.

Vlster a 4th King.

E. Theier. Biblioth. MSS.

This Place was possessed in the Beginning of Queen Elizabeth by one Nicholas Narboon, who was raised from being Richmond Herald, to be Ulster King.

And besides the Six Heralds, there were formerly Exeter, Leopard, Faulcon, Carlisle, &c.

Heralds.

The Pursuivants formerly were of Two Ranks; Ordinary, and Extraordinary. The Ordinary were the Six before mentioned. The Extraordinary were these: Faulcon, (afterwards made an Herald) Antelope, Cadran, Guisnes, Hammes, Berwick, Comfort, Roseblanch, Callis, Ricebank, Wallingford, Mountorguile, Nottingham, Barnes, Boloign. But these Extraordinary Pursuivants in the Beginning of Q. Elizabeth's Reign ceased.

Pursuivants Ordinary and Extrarodinary.

In Queen Elizabeth's Reign, were great Dissensions and Animosities among the Heralds, concerning their Rights, Fees and Precedencies: Insomuch that they presented Petitions and Informations one against another unto the Lord Treasurer Burghley, and the Lord Admiral, who executed then the Office of Earl Marshal. Which occasioned the said Lords to make an Order, dated Octob. 22. 1597, entitled,

Quarrels among the Heralds.


The ORDER of the Placing of the Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants at Arms, by the Lord Burghley, Lord High Treasurer of England, and the Lord Howard of Effingham, Lord High Admiral of England; Exercising the Place of Earl Marshal of England, by Force of Her Majesties Commission under the Great Seal of England, to Us directed in that behalf.

 

      Kings at Arms
Garter, William Dethick.
Clarencieux, William Camden.
Norroy, William Segar.

      Heralds
Lancaster, Nic. Paddy.
Chester, James Thomas.
York, Rafe Brokesmouth.
Richmond, John Raven.
Windsor, Thomas Lant.
Somerset, Rob. Treswell.

      Pursuivants
Rouge Cross, Tho. Knight.
Rouge Dragon, Will. Smith.
Portcullis, Sam. Thomson.
Blue Mantle, Mercury Patten.

To this Order were subscribed the Names of William Burghley and C. Howard, confirming the same.

But it may not be amiss to take some Cognizance of the Controversies of these Gentlemen.

It was the proper Office and Benefit of Clarencieux King of Arms, to give Arms, and go in Visitations. But Dethick (who was made Garter in the 29th Year of Q. Elizabeth) claimed the same Privileges, as additional to his Office: And that by virtue of Two Commissions; one of Henry VII. and another of Henry VIII. to his Predecessors, to be joined in Commission with Clarencieux. And accordingly had procured of Q. Elizabeth her Letters Patents under her Great Seal for the Office of Garter, with Words expressive of more Power than ever were in any Garter's Patents before; Viz. To Visit, Correct, and give Arms, absolutely of himself: Whereas Clarencieux and Norroy being Provincial Kings of Arms, could not give Arms without Consent of the Earl Marshal: Which was an Abuse.

The Case between Garter and Clarencieux.

But Cook, Clarencieux, in a Paper to the Commissioners of the Office of the Earl Marshal, shewed the true Reason of those Commissions. Namely, That Roger Macado, a Britain born, was Clarencieux 1. Henry VII. [and so continued all that Reign:] Who being an old and impotent Man, and not well understanding our Language, did agree with Garter that then was, (viz. Sir John Wrythe, or Wriothesley) to take the Office upon him, and to give Arms, and go in Visitations. For which Garter paid to Clarencieux 40 Marks per Annum: Which was to be paid out of the said Garter's Fee. And this appeared by the said Garter's Letters Patents. And because Garter would have some Authority of himself to shew; and also for that he thought it not for his Credit to be Deputy to Clarencieux; he procured a Bill, signed by Henry VII. wherein Garter was joined with Clarencieux.

There was also a Second Commission obtained by the same Garter of King Henry VIII. to the same Import with the former; empowering him to give Arms, and go in Visitation with Clarencieux that then was; viz. Thomas Benolt, who was for the most part employed beyond the Seas, and had no Books to execute his Office. For that at that Time Garter had gotten all the Books of Office into his own Custody, by reason of his former Dealings with Macado. So that in truth he was driven of Necessity to agree with Garter, in like Order to execute his Office as Macado had done. And thereupon Garter shewing to the King the Agreement and Consent of Clarencieux, obtained of the King the said Commission; Clarencieux being then beyond the Seas. At whose Return finding himself not well used by Garter, and that the Credit of his Office [of Clarencieux] was greatly diminished by the said Garter; would have broken off with him for dealing any further with him. Which Thing Garter would not by any means consent unto, but stood upon the Authority of the King's Bill assigned. Benolt then was forced to acquaint the King with some of the Abuses of Garter; and among others, how he had given Arms to a Bondman. Hereupon the King examining the Cause of Clarencieux's Grief and Complaint, and finding that Garter had wronged him, devised and granted to him a Commission under the Great Seal of England, bearing Date the 21st of Henry VIII. Wherein he did inhibit the said Garter, and all others, to deal or meddle either in giving of Arms, or going in Visitations, in the said Clarencieux's Province. Since which Time, all the Clarencieux's have had their Commissions successively one after another; and have ever since gone in Visitation, and given Arms; as by the Books of Visitation, and Grants of Patents, may appear.

Add, That long before those Two Bills signed by those Two Kings, Clarencieux did give Arms, and go in Visitations, without Garter, by virtue

of