College of Heralds. Dethick Garter. 138

College of Heralds. Dethick Garter.

of his Office, and without any Commission; as appeared by divers Visitations and Gifts of Arms. And for these Reasons, he earnestly petitioned the Lord Burghley and Lord Howard, to obtain of the Queen a Redress of Garter's Patent.

These, and the like Matters, gave great Offence to Garter; and, to be even with Cook, Clarencieux, spared not to impeach him, in another Address to the said Noblemen: As, Concerning his Birth, being sprung of a Tanner; His Ignorance of Languages, not being able to speak French: Of his dissolute Life; being guilty of haunting Taverns, marrying another Man's Wife, Prodigality, and running into Debt: Injuring the Office; in that He and Chester had spoiled the Library in the Office of Arms of more than Forty or Fifty Books at one Time. That he made Multitude of Gentlemen by himself, under the Name of Principal King of Arms: [being but Clarencieux.] That his Deputy ranged over all the Realm, giving, altering, and changing Shields of Arms, and Cognizances of Honour, to all Sorts of Men, and of all Faculties; obtruding Arms to some, and exacting Fees exceeding the Queen's Fifteens: And many Pedigrees were unregistred. And as his Deputy went about in sundry Shires of England, so he went about in London, into all Companies and Societies, and in every Street; commanding Merchants, Mechanical Men, and Artificers before him, at sundry Taverns; and gave and allowed Arms to all manner of Persons, at all Prizes, and for good Chear, contrary to all Honour. And yet wasted all. That he had a Grant of the Queen, worth a Thousand Pounds; but consumed it. He was charged also for giving the Earl of Desmond's Arms to one Captain Cheston.

Informations against Clarencieux, by Garter.

The Library.

Of these Matters Garter complained; and by Authority granted of the Queen, restrained and reformed them. But Secretary Walsingham took, and detained the Queen's Letters Patents of the same; permitting this Man, and others, Garter's Enemies, to proceed in that Abuse. He petitioned then Her Majesty, That a Commission might be given to examine this, to the Lord Hunsdon, Lord Chamberlain, the Lord Treasurer, Lord Howard, Lord Admiral, the Earl of Ormond, Sir Christopher Hatton, Lord Chancellor of England, Baron Buckhurst, and Sir John Wolley, Chancellor of the Garter.

Clarencieux restrained for a Time, upon Garter's Complaint.

It was charged also upon this Officer, [which after so many Years might better methinks have been forgotten] That in the Year 1571, he contrived and set out a great Pedigree, painted on Vellom, for the Duke of Norfolk, since his first Imprisonment in the Tower, for his Design of Marrying with Mary Queen of Scots: Which was finished, with his Arms on the right Hand, and the Arms of that Queen on the left, largely painted. He also set out and marshalled the Duke's Pedigree in Glass, in the Windows of the great Chamber at the Charterhouse, quartered with the Arms of the Daughter of Edward Duke of Bucks attainted.

His Crime about painting Arms.

How much there was of Truth in these Things, I cannot determine. For Dethick was a Man of great Pride and Passion, (whereby he procured to himself many Enemies) otherwise a Man of Worth and Learning. His Father, Sir Gilbert Dethick, Garter, had been in the Office of Arms Sixty two Years: And he himself had been sent in Her Majesties Service of the Garter, with the Right Honourable the Lord Hunsdon, to Lions in France; and with the Earl of Sussex to the Emperor at Vienna; and with the Lord Buckhurst, to the French King, Charles.

Garter a Man of Desert, but passionate.

And as these Publick Employments were for his Honour, so it must be recorded for his Com- mendation, That he endeavoured to redress many Things amiss in the Office and Officers, reducible to these Articles following.

Endeavours to redress Things amiss in the Office.

I. The Contents of their Corporation in all Points, for the Assembly, Government, Erudition, &c. in the Office of Arms, to be kept and observed.

II. Chapters General and Particular to be had and summoned.

III. The Order and Attendance for waiting at the Court in high Feasts, to be dutifully performed.

IV. The House and College of the Office of Arms to be in good Order, inhabited, and repaired.

V. The General Library in the Office and Records there, to be preserved, ratified, and augmented.

VI. The Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants of Arms, to be there at convenient Times attendant, upon Pain.

VII. The Visitation made by Garter, Clarencieux, and Norroy, to be limited or appointed to the Heralds, or Pursuivants, and no other.

VIII. The Burials, or Funerals, to be orderly and duly served, and Certificates entred.

IX. All Painters, Glaziers, Goldsmiths, &c. for dealing in Arms and Pedigrees, to be inhibited.

X. Arms, Crests, Pedigrees, Searches, and all Precedents and Acts of Honour and Gentility, and all other Things, with the Consents of the Three Kings of Arms, in the General Office, to be set out and registred.

XI. The Profits and Commodities faithfully collected, and generally to such as deserve well duly parted.

Moreover this Dethick, Anno 1584, being then York Herald, propounded the setting up of an Office in the Court of Wards, for the Enrolling of Descents and Pedigrees of every one that was Ward, or sued Livery; for the politick Preservation of the Remembrance of Parents and Progenitors, and of the Conjunction of Blood and Kindred with good Proportion; to preserve that Law in Magna Charta, Cap. V. and the Statutes at Marton, Capitul. VI. and VII. wherein the Disparagements for Marriages are especially forbidden. The Wards did not enjoy the Benefit of Law in that Point. So that some Preservation in Blood in the Course of that Court, might go jointly together with the Preservation of the Inheritances.

Propounds the setting up a Court, for enrolling the Descents of the Wards.

The establishing of such an Office in the said Court of Wards, as he shewed to the Lord Treasurer Burghley, Master of that Court, would first tend to the adorning of it, for the Honour and Renown of the Queen, tending to a more perfect Preservation of the Genealogies and Descents of her Wards, and to perpetuate the same; and most convenient for the Nobility and Gentry of her Realm. And Secondly, it would be a good and direct means to try and keep the Records of the Truth, against sundry Occurrences and Subtilties, contrived in prejudice of the Minors and Heirs in the said Court.

His Reasons for it, used to the Master of this Court.

And whereas it might be objected, that such an Office seemed to be needless, since the Heralds in their own Office were diligent to search and register all Pedigrees: To this he answered, that the Heralds of Arms had been long time past, Messengers of Princes, allowed for their Lan-

guages,