|The ROYAL SOCIETY. Philosophical Transactions. ||161
had given of those ancient Pedigrees excepted against, either to the Earl
Marshal, or to
the College of Heralds; vel ad Collegium Antiquariorum, qui statis Temporibus,
conveniunt, & de rebus antiquis corferunt: Quorum plerique etiam in
"Or to the College of Antiquaries, who at set Times met, and
conferred concerning Antiquities, divers whereof were well skilled in
But return we to the Royal Society.
The inegenious Mr. Thomas, the present Operator to the Society, in a Paper
imparted to me, hath drawn up, under divers Heads, the Subjects proper for the
Learned Members, to communicate, as well for the Honour of the Society, as for
advancing and dispersing abroad of useful Knowledge; which, as he writes, if
with Judgment and Sincerity, seem most agreeable towards the promoting of those
Ends, which this Royal Society was at first instituted for by K. Charles II. the
and Patron; and since from time to time successfully supported by the due Care
Benevolence of its own Members, for the Advancement of the Purposes already
mentioned. All along remembring, at least as a Society, not to assert any Thing
what Ocular Demonstration would allow to be Matter of Fact, in spight of the
Hypothetical Influence of Atristotelians, Cartesians, Adepts, Astrologers, and
Mr. Thomas Operator.
Proper Subjects propounded to the Society.
He therefore wished, that such as had Opportunity, Capacities, and the Advantage
good Telescopes, would communicate all Astromonical and other Observations,
whether of the Spots in the Body of the Sun, of their Situations and Variations
of their Increase and Decrease; or of the Nebulæ mentioned by that
Scholar, and most acute Philosopher Dr. Halley, No. 347. of the Philosophical
Transactions. Of new Stars appearing, or of others disappearing. Of Comets,
all Eclipses, whether of the Sun, Moon, Stars, or Satellites.
That accurate Accounts would be no less acceptable of all uncommon Appearances
the Heavens; such as Auroræ Boreales, Meteors of all Kinds, Thunder and
Lightning; particularly noting the Time between the Flash and the Crack, and the
Phænomena. Also Registers of the Wind and Weather, of the Thermometer and
Barometer; of the Quantity of Rain that falls upon any space of Ground, though
Foot square; of the constant Flux and Reflux of Tides for some time, with
such as how high they Flow, and how low they Ebb, and the Moon's Age at the time
Uncommon Appearances in the Heaven, Auroræ, Boreales, Meteors, &c.
That all new Discoveries in Natural History would be also very desirable; such
Descriptions of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptils, Insects, of amphibious Animals, of
whether Testaceous, or of other Kinds: Of Plants, Minerals, Fossils, or the
are either met with but rarely, ill treated by the Authors that writ of them, or
hitherto passed unregarded: Whether they may be of any Advantage to Mankind, as
Food or Physick; and whether those, or any other Uses of them can be further
Descriptions of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptils, &c.
As likewise Accounts of the different Sorts of Mineral Waters, of their Chymical
Analysis, or of other Experiments, (such as those of Dr. Slare upon the Pyrmont)
what Cases and Quantities they have been taken; and with what Success.
of Morbid Bodies, whether Human, or of other Animals, were highly wanted, with
particular Relations of the Parts decayed or affected; and of the Symptoms,
attending those Distempers, with all Anatomical Discoveries and remarkable
only in Physick and Surgery, but also in Farriery, and the Diseases of Cattel;
the Murrain amongst the Cow Kind, and
the Rott amongst Sheep; and their Cures, if possible.
Dissection of Morbid Bodies.
He recommended also new Experiments, either in Chymistry, such as those of the
Learned Dr. Friend, in his Prælectiones Chymicæ, or in Pharmacy;
what Medicines are easily incorporated together, and what not: And how compound
Medicines may be reduced less simple, yet answer the same End, &c. or upon
any of the Materia Medica; such as those of Monseur Tournfort.
New Experiements in Chymistry and Pharmacy.
That Improvements in Agriculture would be in like manner gratefully received.
the most commodious ways to water the high Grounds, and to drain the more wet
low; To meliorate the barren, and to enrich even the fertile Land. What sort of
Plants, or Fruit thrive best in the several Soils; And how each of them may be
to the best Advantage: With all useful Observations in Planting and Gardening;
those of Mr. Evelyn and Mr. Bradley. All Microscopical Discoveries, like those
Lewenhoeck, Dr. Hook, and of the aforesaid ingenious Mr. Bradley.
Agriculture, Planting, Gardening.
That no less valuable would be new Inventions or Improvements in Mechanicks;
Descriptions of Machines, Engines, Instruments, or the like; made use of either
Mines or Water-Works; in the more commodious Loading, Unloading, or Carrying of
Goods; or for the greater Benefit of speedy Travelling by Sea or Land: More
in the Arts of Navigation and War. Hereunto may be added, Exact Histories of
Sorts of curious and beneficial Trades in any Country: Such as the Make of their
and the way of applying them; with an Account of their Materials, both rough and
Mechanicks, Engines, &c.
He added, how these few Hints, with great Variety more of this kind, and the
manner of Proceeding in most of them, might be gathered out of the Philosophical
Transactions, published from Time to Time by the Secretaries of this Society;
out of the
Memoirs of the Academy Royal of Sciences at Paris, the Acta Lipsica, the
Berolinensia, and others.
The same Gentleman distinguisheth the Learned Members of this Society into
Ranks; of such as were of great Ability in the Sciences following; some in one,
others: Viz. In Natural Philosophy, in Astronomy, Geometry, Opticks, Natural
History, Anatomy, Chymistry, Mechanicks, Husbandry, Gardening and Planting, and
Concerning this last, viz. Antiquities, he acknowledgeth, That properly
was not the Business of the Royal Society; but that many of its Members were
Antiquarians: And that several Things in that venerable Study were no less
than useful and satisfactory. And that therefore it was not to be questioned,
but that all
ancient Manuscripts, Paintings, Medals, Coins, Urns, Monuments, Inscriptions, or
ought else, tending either to explain the Ceremonies, Customs, Arts and Sciences
our Ancestors, or to set any controverted Points of History in a clear Light,
received with Gratitude.
And lastly, For the Increase of the Library and Repository, he moved well
Persons to be Benefactors, either of Books, or other Curiosities: Adding, That
Books upon any of the foregoing Subjects, or Abstracts of them; also any Thing
remarkable, rare or curious, toward augmenting their Libraries, and Repository
Rarities, (kept at the Royal Societies House in Crane-Court, Fleetstreet) would
Books, and Rarities requested for the Library and Repository.