|Schools. St. Anthony's School. St. Paul's School. ||163
hallowen, to the said Maistre Gilbert, and his Successors, that they in the seid
Seint Andrew to the said Mastre John and his Successors, that they in the said
Seint Petre, and to the seid John Maistre, [of the seid Hospital] and his
they within the foresaid Parrish of our Ladie of Colchirche, in the which the
of S. Thomas is sette; may ordeyne, create, establish, and sett a Person
lerned in Gramer, to hold and exercise a Schole in the same Science of Gramer,
there to teche to al that will learne.
And that everiche of the said Maistre, Maistre William, Maistre Gilbert, Maistre
and John Neel, Maistre; such Schole Maistre so bi him sett, and everiche of
Successors, such Scolemaistre by him, or bi any of his Predecessors so
sett, speciallie as is above rehercid, may in his own Parich or Place remove,
another in his Place substitute, and sett, as often as any of the said Persones,
Successors semith, [and] the Cause reasonable so requireth.
And so to do ich of the said Persones and their Successors, as often as it
of the said Scoles to be voyd of a Scolemaistre in any manner wyse, to the
God, and encreasying of Vertue.
Responsio. The Kyng wille, that it be do, as it is desired; so that it be done
of the Ordinary, therelles of the Archbishope of Canterbury for the time
Nine Years after, viz. 34. H. 6. were Five other Schools set up in other
London, by the Care of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Bishop of London,
confirmed by the King's Letters Patents; to wit, one within the Church Yard of
Pauls, a Second at the Collegiate Church of St. Martins Le Grand, another at St.
de Arcubus, that is Bow-Church in Cheapside, another at St. Dunstans in the
the Fifth at the Hospital of St. Anthonies, and no more.
Five other publick Schools in London.
This was done for this good End, to check and suppress other smaller Schools of
set up by ignorant and illiterate Grammar Masters, which did the Youth more harm
good, as the Kings Letters Patents did hint, which were as follow:
"Rex omnibus ad quos, &c. Sciatis, quod cum venerabiles in Christo
Archiepiscopus Cantuariensis & Episcopus London. Ex eorum provida &
prudentia magnas abusiones infra Civitatem nostram London. Temporibus diuturnis
frequentatas & usitatas, [emendare volentes] considerantes quod quam plures
personæ in arte Grammaticali minus sufficienter instructi
communes grammaticales, pueros nonnullos, & corum amicos ipsos ad Scolas
exhibentes nequiter defraudando, infra eandem civitatem temere presumpserunt,
quinque duntaxat Scolas grammaticales, & non plures infra Civitatem
statuerint & ordinaverint, unam vid. infra cimiterium Ecclesie Scti. Pauli,
Ecclesiam nostram Collegiatam Sancti Martini Magni, tertiam in Ecclesia Be.
Arcubus, quartam in Ecclesia sancti Dunstani in Oriente, & quintam in
sancti Antonij civitatis nostre predicte: Quas per eorum Literas patentes
declaraverunt, prout in eisdem plenius apparet.
Pro magistris Grammaticalibus in Civitat.
Record. Turr. Rot. pat. 34. H. 6. part. 2.
NOS de gratia nostra speciali premissa considerantes, ad omnia predicta firmiter
& observanda, nostrum regium assensum adhibuimus & favorem. Et hoc
quoroum interest innotescimus per presentes. Damus autem [Mandatum] singulis
nostris, civitatis nostre predicte, quod nec ipsi nec eorum aliquis, perturbent
impetant, perturbet nec impetat, magistros Scolarum predict. quovis modo in hac
parte, sed potius eis assistant & subveniant quantum in se existat. In
cujus, &c. T. R.
apud Westm. 6. die Maij."
There was also an Act of Parliament to confirm this.
All these antient Schools are long since dissolved and vanished, except St.
which outlasted the rest; but better are established in their Rooms. For the
between these and our later Schools is, that though these were publick and
Schools, yet were not free; only such Boys as were hopeful, and their Parents
were exhibited to, and their Schooling paid for by the voluntary good Will of
Men and Merchants, and the Richer Sort of Citizens. But the Schools of later
which we call Free-Schools, do much exceed them, in that they are Houses founded
pious Men, and a Yearly competent Maintenance settled upon the Teachers, on
condition to teach such a Number of the Children of the Parish, where they are
freely without taking any Salary or Reward from their Parents of Friends.
Of this latter and more modern sort of Schools, the City now hath these
that near St. Pauls, that near Mercers Chapel, both belonging to the Company of
Mercers; that near Canning-street, belonging to the Merchant Taylors Company;
Ratcliff, one in Barking Parish, one in White Chappel, one in Cripplegate
Others belonging to Hospitals; two in Southwark, besides many more maintained by
the Societies for Reformation of Manners. To which add several others in the
neighbouring City of Westminster, to be mentioned particularly when we come to
Description of that City. But before we take any further notice of any of these
let us first make some Mention of old St. Anthonies.
The present Free Schools.
That of St. Anthonies, though it be now extinct, yet for the Antiquity and Fame
when it stood, in this our Perambulation, we are bound to go and visit even in
Ruins of it. It was situate in Broadstreet-Ward, in the Parish of St. Benet
near the Place where the French Church now stands in Thredneedle Street. This
was large and fair, and (before St. Paul's School was founded) of the chiefest
in London; and many eminent Scholars were bred up in it, of which Sir Thomas
was one, whose Master was named Nicholas Holt, a Man of Fame and Learning in
those Days. The School was part of an Hospital well endowed, dedicated to St.
Anthony of Vienna, which at length Edward IV. annexed and appropriated to the
Collegiate Church of Windsor, to enjoy the same with all the Estate thereunto
belonging, to their proper use, when it should become void by Death,
otherwise. The Revenues of the School being at length embezzelled, it is now
nothing: Yet it was in being in the beginning of Q. Elizabeth's Time, when one
a grave and good Man was Master. But more of the Antiquities of this School may
read when we come to Broadstreet Ward.
St. Anthonies School.
The next Foundation appointed for the Education of Youth, both for Antiquity and
Repute, is that called St. Pauls School, Built and well Endowed by an excellent
and Learned Clergyman, Dr. John Colet, K. Henry the VIIIth's esteemed Chaplain,
Dean of St. Pauls, the only surviving Son of Sir Henry Colet, Knt. Citizen and
of London, and twice Lord Maior of the
St. Pauls School.