|Christ's Church Hospital. Their Diet; And good
And after this manner the Children fare daily. They have every Morning for
Breakfast Bread and Beer, at Half an Hour past Six in the Morning, in the Summer
Time; and at Half an Hour past Seven in the Winter. On Sundays, they have
Beef and Pottage for their Dinners; and for their Suppers, as good Legs and
of Mutton as can be bought; as of 12, 13 or 14 Pounds apiece. On other Days,
Fare, as it is thrify, so it is sufficient.
Their daily Fare.
On Tuesdays and Thursdays, the same Dinners as on Sundays; that is, boiled Beef
Pottage. On the other Days, no Flesh Meat: But on Mondays, Milk Pottage; On
Wednesdays, Furmity; On Fridays, old Pease and Pottage; On Saturdays,
They have Rost Beef about Twelve Days in the Year, by the Kindness of several
Benefactors; who have left, some 3l. some 50s. per Annum, for that End and
Their Supper is Bread and Cheese, or Butter for those that cannot eat Cheese.
Wednesdays and Fridays, they have Pudding-pies for Supper.
Their Bread formerly was very coarse and brown; but by the Care and Order of Mr.
Breerwood, a late Treasurer, it was changed, and is very good wheaten Bread.
when it first was brought into the Hall in the Bread-Baskets, the poor Childrens
rejoiced, and they gave a great Shout, praying God to bless their good
The good Orders of this numerous House is also much to be commended. Omitting
rest, I shall relate the Custom on the Lord's-Days; which bringeth Multitudes of
both of the City and Court, thither, to behold.
Their good Orders.
As soon as the Boys come from Church, in the Afternoon, they all repair to the
Writing-School. There all their Names are called over. Then the chief Master
catechizeth them; that is, Two Wards at a Time, and the Ward of the Girls.
Catechizeth Three times a Week; whereof Sunday is one.] Then he Expoundeth upon
the Catechism. And that holds till about half an Hour past Five. After a
the Boys go into the Hall to Supper. All being come in; one Boy appointed goeth
into a Pulpit there placed, and readeth a Chapter, being the Second Lesson for
After that, he reads likewise several good Collects, or short Prayers, composed
ordered to be composed) by the Right Reverend the Bishop of London; being all
suitable to the Occasion: As, for all States of Men; and Thanks for their
and Prayers for their Foundation. At the End of every Prayer, all the Boys cry
that makes a very melodious Sound. The Boy that readeth, is one of the
and designed for the University. The Prayers being done, a Psalm is named by
same Boy; and all sing, with a good Organ, that is placed in the said great
done, the said Boy in the Pulpit craves a Blessing upon their Supper. And then
Boys and Girls, that were standing round in their Order before, go quietly each
Tables, and take their Places (which they know) without any Noise. Then certain
Boys, in their Turns, some bring Bread in their Baskets, ready cut in good
others, Trenchers; and others, small Beer; of which they have as much as they
Then are brought, in several wooden Platters, Legs of Mutton, usually cut out
reasonable Pieces; and the Nurses distribute them to each Boy. Supper being
(which is not long) the former Boy goes up into
the Pulpit again, and give Thanks: And then sets a Psalm; and all the Boys sing
with the Organ. This done, they all, in very quiet and good Order, retire from
to their several Wards; the Nurses of each Ward going before their respective
one of the Boys in each Ward carrying the Bread-Basket upon his Shoulder,
Table-Cloth; and so the Hall is presently cleared. And the Nurses and Boys, as
pass along by the Treasurer, make their Obeisance. When they are thus retired
several Wards, the Nurses hear them all read Chapters out of the Bible: And then
sing some Psalm again; and soon after, they all go to Bed.
Mr. Deputy Hawes, July 16. 1704. then Treasurer, did me the Favour to shew me
this very decent Christian Order.
And that these poor Children may be cared for in Sickness as well as in Health,
a convenient Apartment by it self for such to be kept in: Which contains a Room
Lodging of the Sick, a Kitchen, for dressing their Diet, and preparing such Food
Physick as is needful for them; and a Consultation Chamber, where the Physician,
Apothecary or Chirurgeon meet, to confer upon the Patients Distempers and Cures:
Together with other Places convenient. There is a Nurse proper to this Ward:
have a Physician; who was formerly the very Learned and well deserving Dr.
now Sir Hans Sloan, Baronet; an Apothecary, and a Chirurgeon: Who commonly come
two or three times a Week, or oftner, as there is Occasion for them. The
Physicians appoint the Doctor. And in such a good State of Health was this
that in the Month of July, Anno 1704, (when I was there) there were but Five
this Ward; and they then pretty well.
The Ward for the Sick.
Besides the Children that are maintained within the Walls of this Hospital,
considerable Numbers belonging to it, which are sent out and provided for in the
Country; viz. at Ware and Hertford, in Hertfordshire. And they are of the least
youngest sort; and afterwards brought home to London. At each Place is a
Schoolmaster, to teach the Children to read; with a Salary of 50l. each.
Children of Christ's Hospital at Ware and
At Ware is a fine Building, like a College, making a large Quadrangle, for Boys,
containing a Schoolhouse and a Master's House, and 20 Houses for Nurses to keep
Children. Sir Jonathan Raymond, Knight, sometime Alderman of London, bought and
gave them a Field near adjoining, to recreate themselves and to play in. In the
of the Year 1704, Fifty seven Boys, and more, were going thither. Eighty
then being kept there.
At Hertford is also a Schoolhouse and a Master's House, and Thirteen Houses
each with two Rooms on a Floor, and Gardens belonging. Hither were sent in the
1704, Ninety six Boys, and some Girls; which Girls were sent thither for Air,
not well. So that divers Years ago, an Hundred Children were kept at Hertford.
This Hospital expends 12 or 1300l. a year, in Salaries to Officers, Clerks and
And the Foundation hath such a Reputation, and the Estate belonging to it so
employed, and so justly managed, and used to the real Intents of it, and the
Government of it so good and regular, that many have been encouraged to be frank
Benefactors to it. And seldom Men of Estate in the City dye, but they leave it
Expences, Benefactions, and Revenues.