St. Bartholomew's Hospital. 185

St. Bartholomew's Hospital.
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S   St. Bartholomew's Hospitall in Smithfield ]

But to give some more particular Account of the first State of this charitable Foundation; and afterwards, of the more modern and present Condition of it. It was founded for the Relief of an Hundred Poor and Sick of the City of London, by the foresaid K. Henry VIII. endowing it with the Yearly Revenue of Five Hundred Marks, conditionally, that the City also for their Part should add other Five Hundred Marks by the Year; which Thing with all due Thankfulness they received at his Majesties Hand, and embraced the Condition. But when the City took a Survey of what was given by the King for this Yearly Sum, they found, the raising of this 500 Mark Rent, to lye only in certain Houses, some in great Decay, and some rotten and ruinous; and some to whom better Tenants had happened, already leased out at Terms and Rent, scant reasonable for the Behoof of the Poor; so that for to make them again worth the wonted Revenue, and then to continue in the same, was no small Charge. Pensions also were issuing out of the 500 Mark, and granted by Letters Patents of that King to the Hospitaler there, and to other Ministers of the same.

The ancient State of this Hospital.

Orders and Ordinances for St. Bartholomew's.

In the Hospital it self was found only so much Houshold Implement and Stuff towards the succouring of these Hundred Poor, as sufficed three or four Harlots then lying in Childbed, and no more: So much had the godly meaning of that King been abused in those Days. The Citizens nevertheless were not discouraged with the evil Doings of others, and the great Fall of their Hopes, but provided with what speed they could, to the Redress of the Decays, Disorders, and Defaults, and bestowed thereabout not much less than a Thousand Pounds; whereby in K. Edward's time it came to such a Point that it was fit to receive the Number, and to succour them with all Necessaries, requisite; and accordingly received them, and maintained them. But within Five Years, after the Citizens had the Care of this Hospital, they were, and that even in Pulpits, exclaimed against, as if they had wronged this Charity, by this mistaken Supposition, that this Hospital should have made a general Sweep of all Poor and Afflicted, as tho' the City had abused this Charity; and so for their Care were rewarded with nothing but open Detraction.

The Citizens diligence in settling it.

In this Season, notwithstanding, were healed of the Pox, Fistula's, filthy Blains and Sores, to the Number of Eight Hundred; and thence safe delivered, that others having need might enter in their rooms; besides Eight Score and Twelve that dyed there in their intolerable Miseries, which might have dyed and stunk in the Noses of the City.

The Number of the Cured.

Upon this Slander so widely spread, it was thought good by the Lord Maior, as chief Patron and Governor of this Hospital, in the Name of the City, to publish at that time who were the Overseers and with the Orders by him appointed, and from time to time practised and used, by Twelve of the Citizens most antient in their Courses, for the Redress and Stay of such Slanders; and that it might be an open Witness unto all Men how well Things were administred there, and by whom; and likewise to excite all well disposed Persons more and more to bestow their Charity here.

The City publishes the first Orders and Overseers of this Hospital.

And because these Men that thus spake against the Managery of this Hospital, endeavoured to stop any further Charities and Gifts towards it; suggesting, that there was enough already for this Hundred of diseased People to be looked after, it was declared that the City, of their endless Good will towards this most necessary Succour of their poor Brethren in Christ, although at the first they seemed bound to the precise Number of an Hun- dred, and no more, wished all Men to be most assuredly persuaded, that if by any Means possible they might, they desired to enlarge the Benefit to a Thousand.

Vid. Ord. and Ordinances in the Appendix.

At this first Erection the Hospital was taken care of by two Ranks of Persons, viz. Governors, and Officers; which latter were hired for Wages to have the necessary Doings in the Service of the House.

Governors and Officers.

I. The GOVERNORS, among them the Lord Maior was chief Patron. The others were so changed, that the one Half remained two Years in their Governance. And they were in Number Twelve, who were placed there by the Lord Maior, whereof Four were Aldermen, the Residue Commoners, thus named:


The President, always the Senior Alderman.
Surveyors Four, two Aldermen, and two Commoners.
Almoisners Fours, one Alderman, and three Commoners.
The Treasurer, a Commoner.
Scrutiners two, both Commoners.

II. OFFICERS continuable or removeable, as the Governors shall find Cause, and were thus called;


1. The Hospitaler.
2. The Renter Clerk.
3. The Butler.
4. The Porter.
5. The Matron.
6. The Sisters, Twelve.
7. The Beadles, Eight.

There were also three Surgeons in Wages of the Hospital, giving daily attendance upon the Cures; and a Minister, who was the Visitor of Newgate according to his Office and Charge.

The Governors were always Elected by the Lord Maior and his Brethren the other Governors, who Yearly Elected Six; that is to say, two Aldermen and four Commoners, who were admitted into the Hospital after this Manner; The whole Company of the Twelve old Governors sitting in Assembly together, cause their Clark to read unto the Six newly Elected their Charge. That done, and the new Elected consenting, and yielding themselves to the Charge, the half of the Governors, that had fulfilled their two Years Governance stood apart; and the other half that remained, with the new Elected, took them by the Hands after their Degrees, and so admitted them; and before they parted all Dined together, as well those that came anew, as those that had governed their time, and those that remained, every Man at his own Cost and Charge.

Now for the Charges of St. Bartholomews, as it was in the Reign of K. Edward VI. there were Certain Charges, and Uncertain. Under the Uncertain come the Monies laid out for Shirts, Smocks, and other Apparel for the Poor, for Sugar and Spices, for Caudles for the Sick, Flax for Shirts, and Weaving of the same, Cloth for Winding Sheets, Bowls, Brooms, Baskets, Incense, Juniper Ashes to buck their Cloaths. Also, Mony given to them at their Departure; which is measured according to their Journey and Need: Which uncertain Charges amounted one Year to the Sum of Sixty Pounds.

The Charges of the Hospital.

The certain Charges arose from the Yearly Wages and Fees of Officers and Servants, and the Charges of Houshold, Reparations, &c.

Wages of Officers and Servants.


To the Hospitaler.1000 00
To the Renter Clerk.1000 00