St. THOMAS'S Hospital. Benefactors. Bridewell Hospital. 190

St. THOMAS'S Hospital. Benefactors. Bridewell Hospital.

Christopher Hayns, Esq;
John Hanger, Esq;
Samuel Houblon, Esq;
Laurence Hatsel, Esq;
Mr. Robert Hynd.
Mr. William Heathcote.
Mr. Benjamin Hooper.
Mr. Roger Hudson.
Mr. John Harwood.
Mr. Giles Howard.
Mr. Roger Hazard.
Mr. Thomas Hollis.
Mr. John Hawkins.
Mr. Nathaniel Hill.
Mr. Mathew Howard.
Sir Theodore Janssen, Baronet.
Sir William Jolliff, Knt.
Mr. Benjamin Joseph.
Mr. Robert Jeffs.
Mr. William Jackson.
John Kendrick, Esq;
Mr. Harry Kelsey.
Mr. Thomas Knight.
Mr. Robert Knight.
Mr. Joseph King.
Sir John Lethieullier, Kt.
John Lade, Esq,
Timothy la Noy, Esq;
John Little, Esq;
John Love, Esq;
Edward Lassels, Esq;
Harry Lovel, Esq;
Richard Lewen, Esq;
Mr. James Lever.
Mr. Jonathan Lee.
Mr. Nehemiah Lyde.
Mr. Edward Leeds.
Mr. James Lamb.
Mr. John Lordel.
Mr. Lancelot Lee.
Sir Joseph Martin, Knt.
Sir Nathaniel Mead, Bar.
D'Oyly Michel, Esq;
Harry Martin, Esq;
Thomas Maylin, Esq;
Richard Merriweather, Esq;
William Mead, Esq;
Samuel Mead, Esq;
William Mitchel, Esq;
Mr. William Mitchel.
Mr. John Milford.
Mr. Samuel Mellish.
Mr. Richard Mount.
Mr. Thomas Man.
Mr. Samuel Mayn.
Mr. William Moyer.
Mr. Nathaniel Micklethwait.
Mr. John Moreton.
Mr. George Moult.
Mr. Francis Moult.
Mr. Samuel Mayo.
Mr. John Morgan.
Mr. Samuel Monk.
Mr. Merreal.
Richard Mead, M.D.
Mr. Samuel Mason.
Sir Edward Northey, Kt. Attorney-General.
Mr. Joseph Nichols.
Right Hon. Richard Lord Onslow.
Sir Gregory Page, Bart.
Micaiah Perry, Esq;
Col. Philip Papillon.
Thomas Palmer, Esq;
Col. John Perry.
Mr. William Parrot.
Mr. Richard Perry.
Mr. Thomas Powel.
Mr. James Partridge.
Mr. William Prince.
Mr. William Payn.
Mr. John Pettit.
Mr. Evan Pugh.
Mr. Samuel Palmer.
Mr. Daniel Powl.
Mr. William Pate.
John Rudge, Esq;
M. Rapier, Esq;
Col. Hugh Raymond.
Mr. John Read.
Mr. Samuel Read.
Mr. Thomas Rock.
Mr. John Raymond.
Mr. Samuel Raymond.
Mr. Stephen Ram.
Mr. Samuel Russel.
Mr. Joseph Raymond.
Sir John Scot, Knt.
Sir Isaac Shard, Knt.
Sir Joshua Sharp, Knt.
Sir John Shaw, Knt.
Sir William Scawen, Knt.
Sir Hans Sloan, Bart.
Samuel Shepherd, Esq;
John Smith, Esq;
Jacob Sawbridge, Esq;
Mr. Thomas Sorocold.
Frederick Slare, M.D.
Mr. William Shepherd.
Mr. Edward Salway.
Mr. Benjamin Smith.
Mr. Thomas Stiles.
Mr. Samuel Sheaf.
Mr. Disney Stanyforth.
Mr. James Sharrard.
Mr. Jeremy Sambrook.
Joseph Thomson, Esq;
John Trimmer, Esq;
Isaac Tillard, Esq;
Mr. Anthony Tourney.
Mr. Townshend.
Mr. Stephen Thompson.
Mr. John Travers.
Mr. William Tipping.
Mr. James Townshend.
Mr. Peter Theobald.
Mr. Joseph Townshend.
Thomas Vernon, Esq;
Sir Thomas Webster, Baronet.

The pious Legacies to St. Thomas's HOSPITAL in the Year 1718, were these that follow.


Sir John Lethieullier, Knight,100l.
Samuel Shepherd, Esq;100l.
Mr. Joseph King,100l.
Dame Sarah Pritchard,100l.
Mr. John Hibbert,50l.

And Gifts by worthy Persons now Living; Viz.


Sir Thomas Abney, Knight and Al-
derman, President
200l.
Sir Harcourt Masters, Kt. and Ald.50l.
The Hon. Spencer Compton, Esq;
Speaker of the House of
Commons,
50 Guin.
John Hopkins, Esq;50l.
Mr. Thomas Sheering,50l.
Joseph Pace, Esq;20l.


BRIDEWELL HOSPITAL.

 

OF this House something was spoke before; having been anciently the London House for the Kings, where they often removed their Courts from Westminster; till being in Decay, and long disused, King Edward VI. gave it to the City, in the Seventh Year of his Reign.

Bridewell, for Harbour and Work.

J. S.

It is seated near to Blackfriars; from which it is severed by the Canal of Fleet-ditch. It was obtained of the King at first for an Harbour of poor harbourless People, that lay abroad in the Streets. It was soon after improved to be a Workhouse, not only to give Lodging to poor, idle, wandring Persons, Beggars and others; but to find them Work, to help to maintain themselves. But tho' this was granted in the Year 1553, yet it seems, it was not before Two Years after, that the City entred and took Possession of it by Gerard their Maior, having obtained Queen Mary's Confirmation.

In the Time of Queen Elizabeth, about the Year 1570 and odd, one John Pain, a Citizen, invented a Mill to grind Corn; which he got recommended to the Lord Maior, for the Use of Bridewell. This Mill had Two Conveniences: One was, That it would grind a greater Quantity considerably than any other Mills of that Sort could do. And the other (which would render it so useful to Bridewell) was, That the Lame, either in Arms or Legs, might work at it, if they had but the Use of either. And accordingly these Mills were termed Hand-Mills, or Foot-Mills.

A Mill for Work at Bridewell.

This Mill he shewed to the Lord Maior, who saw it grind as much Corn with the Labour of Two Men, as they did then at Bridewell with Ten. That is to say, Two men with Hands, two Bushels the Hour; or Two Men with Feet, two Bushels the Hour. If they were lame in their Arms, then they might earn their Livings with their Legs: If lame in their Legs, then they might earn their Livings with their Arms.

One Mill would grind twenty Bushels of Wheat in a Day: So that by Computation it was reckoned, that one of these would find a Thousand Persons.

The same Inventor would have put the Maior and Aldermen upon having Twenty five of them; that is, in each Ward one; for Rogues that should be taken up in those Wards; and Three or Four of a greater Sort for Bridewell, the Bridge-House, and Leaden-Hall. What Issue this had, I cannot tell.

I shall make a Note of one Thing in this Place: That long after this House of Bridewell was given away to the City, there remained many old Records there; which had probably been there reposited ever since the Kings of England made it their Residence. This, in the Days of Queen Elizabeth, was by some body belonging

Old Records remaining in Bridewell Church.

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