The WORKHOUSE in Bishopsgatestreet. 199

The WORKHOUSE in Bishopsgatestreet.

" All these being taken into the said Workhouse are there taught to Read and Write, and kept to Work until they are qualified to be put out to be Apprentices, and for the Sea Services, or otherwise disposed. "

" II. The Beggars and Vagrants. They are those Sturdy and Insolent Men and Women who live in the Skirts and Out Parts of this City, and Places contiguous thereto, and other Stragglers and Wanderers, who too frequently resort to this City. Which when Apprehended and Taken, are in the said Workhouse kept to hard Work and Labour until they are by Law discharged therefrom. "

" III. The Idle and Disorderly Persons, are those Rogues and Vagrant Men which are there kept until they are put into the QUEEN's Service by Sea and Land; and those ill Women which are taken up in the Streets, Debauching the Youth, and others of this City, many of which, rather than be continued to Work and Labour, voluntarily transport themselves to the Western Plantations whereby this City and Nation is rid of them. "

" In Building for these convenient Houses, Work Rooms, Paying Officers and Servants, and in providing Meat, Drink, Washing, Lodging, Cloaths, and all other Necessaries, and to put them out Apprentices; great Sums of Money are yearly expended, besides what they severally earn by their own Labour, and besides what hath been already raised by the Common Council of this City. "

" The Consideration whereof is earnestly recommended to all charitable Persons, who are Well Wishers to Honour, Virtue and Morality, that they will vouchsafe by their Wills or otherwise, to give their Aid and Assistance for the Propagating and Continuing this Great Work of CHARITY, which the Governors of the said Corporation have by their Care, Diligence, and Industry already made so good a Proficiency in, and which may prevent the Ruin of many Idle and Disorderly Persons for the future. "

" Note, There are in the Workhouse seldom less than 400 Children at Work, besides the grown Beggars, Vagrants, and other Idle and Disorderly Persons, who are there kept to hard Labour."

Some Years ago the Governors built a very strong and useful Building, and of large Dimensions, containing (besides other Apartments) three long Rooms or Galleries, one over another, for Workhouses, which are all filled with Boys and Girls at Work, some Knitting, most Spinning of Wool; and a convenient Number of Women and Men teaching and overseeing them; Fires burning in the Chimneys in the Winter time, to keep the Rooms and the Children warm. And they intend (if they get Money) to pull down the rest of the old Houses, where now also the Poor and the Vagrants are kept at their several Works, and to build a fair Court answerable to the foresaid New Building, which is on the Southside thereof.

The new Building.

'Tis to be wondered at, how all Things are contrived here to the best Advantage for Thrift and good Husbandry, to maintain in Cloaths and Food such a vast Number as live and are harboured here. Some are Taylors, some Shoemakers, some knit Stockings. They brew their own Drink, having in the New Building Erected a large and convenient Brewhouse, and over that a Malthouse. They kill their own Beef and Mutton; and have for that Purpose a Slaughter House; but since they find it better Husbandry to buy their Meat of the Butcher. And in case of Sickness, broken Limbs, or Sores, or Wounds, they have Advice, Physick, and Surgery gratis.

Their daily Food is plain but wholesome and sufficient. They have Breakfasts, Dinners, and Suppers every Day in the Week, and a constant set Allowance each Day. Their Stint each meal for Bread is four Ounces; for Cheese an Ounce and an Half; for Butter an Ounce; for Small Beer what is sufficient, not exceeding a Pint at a time of 7s. a Barrel.

Their Diet.

Their Breakfast, Sundays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, is Bread and Cheese, or Bread and Butter, and Beer. On Mondays, a Pint of Pease Pottage with Bread and Beer. On Tuesdays, a Plumb Pudding Pye of Nine Ounces, and Beer. On Wednesdays, a Pint of Furmity. On Friday, a Pint of Barly Broth, and Bread. On Saturday, a plain Flower Sewet Dumpling with Beer.

Their Supper always the same; to wit, to each four Ounces of Bread, one Ounce and half of Cheese, or one Ounce of Butter, and Beer sufficient.

The Habit of the Children is all the same, being made of Russit Cloth, and a round Badge worn upon their Breast, representing a poor Boy, and a Sheep; the Motto, Gods Providence is our Inheritance.

They have also a large Room, which serves them both for a Chapel and a Dining Room. They go to Prayers at Six in the Morning, and at Six at Night; and are duly taught the Catechism; and have a Minister that attendeth hereupon: And on Sundays they all go to Church at St. Helens, where is convenient Room for them.

The Grand Committee for managing the Affairs of the Workhouse for the Months of November, December, January, February, March, April, in the Years 1704, and 1705, were Sir Robert Clayton, Knt. and Aldermen, Deputy-President; Sir Richard Levett, Knt. and Alderman, Treasurer; and all the rest of the Governors, that please to appear. These, or any Three of them, to meet every Thursday in the Afternoon, and to subdivide themselves into Committees for the Work, the Accompts, the Vagrants, and for the Provisions, as they see occasion.

The grand Committee of this House.

The Names of the Benefactors to this new Workhouse (which are many) hang up, with the respective Sums they have given, in the Committee Room, in divers Tables, from the Year 1700, to 1706. The first Benefactor is Sir Tho. Cudden, Knt. who gave 20l. It would be too large to set down all their Names. I shall only specify such as gave an 100l. or more.

Benefactors.

Mr. Nathaniel Gould.
A Person unknown.
Sir Richard Levet, Lord Maior.
Mr. Nicholas Pollexsen, Deceased.
Dr. Frederick Slare.
Sir Thomas Abney, Lord Maior 100 Guineas.
Sir Robert Clayton,
Sir William Withers, Treasurer.
Sir Henry Furnes, Sheriff.
A Person unknown by Mr. Thomas Lockington.
Sir Robert Beechcroft, Sheriff.
Joseph Neal, Esq;
A Person unknown, by Mr. Jonathan James.
100 Guineas.
Sir William Gore, Lord Maior.
Sir James Bateman.
Sir William Scawen.
Thomas Guy, Esq;
Gilbert Heathcote, Esq;
Edmund Boulter, Esq;
Sir Edward Clark, Knt. and Alderman, by his
last Will.
Mr. John Gunston, Merchant.

An. 1700.

An. 1701.

Mrs. Frances