Worthy Acts of Citizens. 264

Worthy Acts of Citizens.

Charges and Pains, that no Man (used in the Business) might receive Discontentment.

Then in 1578, the like Sum was to be delivered thence to Canterbury: And so thence forward, the same Sums (yearly) to the Cities and Towns following, orderly. Viz.

1580,The Merchant Taylors themselves.
1585,West Chester.
1591,Hereford East.

The Order of the yearly Lending.

This Sum of One Hundred and four Pounds, passing thus yearly to the forenamed Places, is delivered still at the Merchant Taylors Hall, and to the good intended Uses of the Giver. And that there might be not breathing-while for so just a Steward's Talent, but to have it still kept in continual Employment for the Poor; the same Order was appointed to take Beginning again (as before) at the City of York, and so successively (while the World endureth) to the Towns before named, in the self-same Course as it had the Original; with great Care and Observance in them to whom it belongeth, that the Dead may not be abused, nor Poor Mens Right injured.

The Hundred and four Pounds is yearly delivered at the Merchant Taylors Hall.

Passing still in order from Place to Place.

But did he thus shut up his Purse, and say to himself, I have given sufficient? No: He did cast his pitying Eye next on the City of Coventry, distressed (at that Time) in great and grievous manner. What his instant Benevolence was, he took it to be but as an Hour's Sunshine, after a whole Day of Storm and Tempest; altho' it might yield some Comfort, were the Season never so short. But to establish a Certainty, that no Dismay or Doubt should ever after be able to remove, (even as a worthy Pyramid erected to Perpetuity) he gave to the City of Coventry Fourteen Hundred Pounds; therewith to purchase Lands, rising to the Annual Value of Seventy Pounds.

His liberal Bounty to the City of Coventry, it being then in great Distress.

Twelve aged Poor Inhabitants of that City were to have (in free Alms) Twenty four Pounds, each Man Forty Shillings yearly; on the Eleventh Day of March, or within Six Days after. Four poor young Men also were to have Forty Pounds lent them, in free Loan; Ten Pound to each Man; and for Nine Years Space, upon sufficient Security given. And their Turns being thus served; then Four other poor young Men were to have the like Sums, and for like Limitation: And so from Nine Years, to Nine Years, for ever.

Twelve poor aged Inhabitants of Coventry yearly.

Four poor young Men of the same City.

Afterward it was ordered (in free Loan) to Two poor Men of the same City; and lastly, to One. In which Nature (according to the several Limitations) it doth yet, and doubtless shall for ever continue.

Also, the same Sum was appointed to One young Man in Northampton, for Nine Years in free Loan; Next, To One in the City of Liecester: Thirdly, To One in Nottingham: Fourthly, To One in Warwick; and for the like Time. Then returning again to Coventry for one Year, it repasseth to the said Towns again, each after other, in like nature, for ever.





And lest his worthy Intent should fail in the Continuance, he enlarged his first Gift to Coventry, of Fourteen Hundred Pound, to Two Thousand; and Sixty Pound to be employed as hath been remembred. Forty Pound being yearly paid out of it to St. John Baptist College in Oxenford; and Allowances also by himself given in each Place, that Bonds should be made, without any Charge to the Receiver.]

Edward Hall, Gentleman, of Grays Inn, a Citizen by Birth and Office, as Common Serjeant of London, and one of the Judges in the Sheriffs Court: He wrote and published a famous and eloquent Chronicle, entitled, The Uniting of the Two Noble Families, Lancaster and York.

Edward Hall.

Richard Hills, Merchant Taylor, 1560, gave Five Hundred Pound towards the Purchase of an House, called the Manor of the Rose; wherein the Merchant Taylors founded their Free School in London. He also gave to the said Merchant Taylors, one Plot of Ground, with certain small Cottages on the Tower Hill; where he builded fair Almshouses for Fourteen Sole Women.

Richard Hills.

About the same Time, William Lambert, Esq; free of the worshipful Company of Drapers, born in London, a Justice of the Peace in Kent, founded a College for the Poor, which he named of Queen Elizabeth, in East Greenwich.

W. Lambert.

William Harper, Merchant Taylore, Maior 1562, founded a Free School in the Town of Bedford; where he was born, and also buried.

Sir W. Harrpe.

Sir Thomas Gresham, Mercer, 1566, builded the Stately Exchange Royal in London; and by his Testament, left his Dwelling House in Bishopsgatestreet, to be a College of Readings; as in my Summary; allowing large Stipends to the Readers, and certain Almshouses for the Poor.

Sir T. Gresham.

William Patten, Gentleman, a Citizen by Birth, and Customer of London Outward, Justice of Peace in Middlesex; the Parish Church of Stoke Wenton being ruinous, he repaired, or rather new builded it.

W. Patten.

Sir Thomas Rowe, Knight, Lord Maior of the City of London in 1568, a worthy Brother also of the Merchant Taylors Company; beside his charitable Cost and Charges in building the new Churchyard in Bethlem, containing near One Acre of Ground, and enclosed with a Wall of Brick; and a Sermon to be preached every Whit-Sunday in the Morning, in Presence of the Lerd Maior and Aldermen; as also giving One Hundred Pounds, to be lent to Eight Poor Men; gave to the Merchant Taylors Lands, or Tenements; out of them to be given Forty Pounds yearly, to maintain Ten Poor Men for ever; such as were not Brethren of his own Society, but chosen out of Five several Companies; viz. Clothworkers, Armourers, Carpenters, Tylers, and Plaisterers: As considering, that by over-toiling Labour, Dangers, Falls, Bruises, and such like Inconveniences, they were soonest like to become impotent, and unable to help or maintain themselves. Therefore, to each of these Ten Men, he freely gave the Sum of Four Pounds, quarterly to be paid them at the Merchant Taylors Hall, during their Lives. And then to succeed to other Men in the same Companies, according to the due Consideration of just Cause, and most Necessity.

Sir T. Rowe his worthy Liberality.

Ten poor Men to be maintained for ever.