Honourable Citizens. Loans. 284

Honourable Citizens. Loans.

sometimes, who had great and dangerous Enemies to Encounter, and watch against. To enlarge a little here. In that Critical Year 1588, She sent to the Maior and Aldermen, and they raised her a great Sum of Money of the wealthier Citizens, Collected in every Company by a Loan. In one Payment whereof in Part, they sent in Seventeen Thousand Nine Hundred Fifty Two Pounds, Ten Shillings. Some indeed there were that endeavoured to shift it off, by going into the Country, or leaving the City, or absenting themselves for the present. But that such also might bear their Proportion; the Lord Maior, (who was Sir Martin Calthorp) was fain to crave Help from above to deal with them. Whose Letter to the Lord Treasurer (who had called upon him for this Loan) I shall set down, as worth preserving: Viz.

"That it might please him to be advertised, that according to his Lordships last Direction, for the speedy Payment of such Money, as the Companies did stand Taxed by way of Loan for her Majesty's Service, he [the Maior] had proceeded for the effecting of the same by all good Ways and Means: Whereby it was then brought in, and paid into her Majesty's Receipt, upon the Second Payment, the Sum of Seventeen Thousand Nine Hundred Fifty Two Pounds Ten Shillings. And that he was in good Hope it would have been made Twenty Thousand Pounds. But that he saw then it would very hardly be accomplished, unless his Lordship would be pleased to take some Course, that such Citizens as did wilfully absent themselves, and others that had left the City, and betaken themselves into the Country, might likewise be compelled to contribute unto the said Loan. Whose Names, and Dwelling Places, together with a Particular of such Sums as they stood charged with, he sent unto his Lordship by his Brother, Sir George Bond, [an Alderman.] And that he could well inform his Lordship, how effectually this Business had been travailed in. He added, that he was very sorry that he should be occasioned by the Backwardness of some, to give so hard an Information unto his Lordship against any one, that would be accounted a good Citizen. But in respect of his Duty, he could do no less, but lay the Fault and Blame on such as committed the same. And so beseeching his good Lordship to receive in good Part, what his good Will and dutiful Pains had accomplished herein, he humbly took his Leave. Dated at London, the 15th of November, 1588."

The Maior's Letter of a Loan of the Companies to Queen Elizabeth, Anno 1588.

Not long after I find one of the Aldermen, viz. Alderman Skinner, in Hold for Disobedience to an Order of the Queen's Council, whom I suspect to be one of those that upon Retirement out of the City, or some other Cause, refused to contribute what was alloted him to this Loan. The rest of his Brethren the Aldermen, had laboured with him to comply, but without Success; till now in September, 1589, they joined together in their Supplication to the Privy Council, to order his Enlargement, upon his giving Security for his Forth-coming, whensoever the Privy Council should call for him; and that because his Wife lay at that Time very much indisposed; they hoping that by this gentle Usage they should at length prevail with him. To which Supplicatory Letter the Maior, and Twelve more, subscribed their Names. After this manner shewing their Deference to the Queen, as well as intercession for their Brother.

An Alderman imprisoned about it.

"Right Honourable, our very good Lords: How acceptable a Thing it might be unto us, by any good Means to reduce our Brother, Alderman Skinner, to conform himself unto your Honour's Proceedings, it may be your Lordships by our often and humble Motions, might rightly judge. And yet in that we are persuaded, nothing may so soon inform him in the Consideration of his Obedience, proceeding from your Lordships in the Time of this his restrained Liberty: We have therefore thought good, presuming upon your Honourable Favours, and tendring the Good of our said Brother, to become humble Suitors unto your good Lordships. Beseeching the same to be so graciously pleased, as upon Security and Pledges for his Forthcoming, he may be enlarged out of Prison for some convenient Time, to your Lordships thought Good. And the rather we are to beseech and intreat the same, in that the Gentlewoman, his sorrowful Wife, overcharged with inward Grief, is at this present very Sick; and in what Peril, we know not. To whom the Presence of her Husband would be, no doubt, a singular Comfort and Relief. Howbeit, if upon this so great, and more than ordinary a Favour granted by your Lordships, at our humble Suit, he may not be won to that Obedience and Conformity by us his Brethren, and other good Friends, as may stand with Regard to his Duty to her Majesty and your Lordships, then to yield and submit himself Prisoner again at your Lordship's Command. But we are in good Hopes so to prevail with him by our good Persuasions and Endeavours, as to win him to that Submission, as the Consideration of the present Case doth require. And thus beseeching your Honours to tender and pardon this our great Boldness, we humbly betake your Lordships to the most Gracious Protection and Providence of God. At London, the 13th of September, 1589."

The Maior and Aldermen to the Council for his Enlargement.

"Your good Lordships most humble.
Richard Martin, Maior.
Thomas Ramsey.
Wolstan Dixie.
Rowland Hayward.
John Harte.
John Allot.
William Webbe.
William Rowe.
William Masham.
Henry Billingsley.
William Elkyn.
Hugh Offley.
Anthony Radclyff. "

And as the Queen borrowed of her loving Citizens, upon urgent Occasions, so her Citizens would sometimes borrow of her; such was the good Understanding between her Majesty and them. Such a Request Alderman Martyn made to the Lord Treasurer, in the Name of himself, and other Aldermen and Merchants trading to Turkey, in the Year 1584, for a considerable Weight of Bullion in the Tower, their Ships being now ready to Sail. Which Request they seconded with their Letter to the said Lord, writ in February. "That he would please to understand, that Mr. Alderman Martyn had been an humble Suiter unto his Lordship, in Behalf of the Company of the Turky Merchants, to be Mean unto her Majesty for the Loan of Ten Thousand Pound Weight of Bullion for certain Years, for the better Maintenance of their Trade, "

The Aldermen and Merchants borrow Bullion of the Queen.

they