The Cities Entertainment of K. Charles I. 297

The Cities Entertainment of K. Charles I.

tains and Three Marshals, the first Horsemen of the Liveries begun to make a Stand: The first Rank of them placing themselves single, faced to the Liveries that were in the Standings; and the rest, passing along, placed themselves in the same Order. The Trumpets and Pendents in each Company standing in the Front; and then the Companies themselves: The youngest being next to the Pendent; and so upwards, by Seniority, to the Master of the Company, who took his Place last. Then began the Pendent, and youngest of the next Company, to make their Stand, as the former, till they came to St. Laurence Lane End: There being five Foot Distance from one Horse to another. In which Space stood each Horseman's Footman, with a Truncheon in his Hand: Making by this means a Guard for their Majesties, and the rest of their Train.

And it fell out, that most of the Companies of Horse were placed right against their own Companies in the Standings.

The People that were Spectators in the Streets, were bestowed, Part behind the Horse, and Part behind the Liveries.

And by this good Order, their Majesties and the Train passed quietly without Interruption.

Their Majesties coming along Cornhill, several Trumpeters, that were placed in the Clock-House of the Exchange, gave them their Second Welcome into the City. And as they went, the Conduit in Cornhill, and the great Conduit in Cheapside, ran with Claret Wine; to express the Freedom of the City for the Joy of that Day.

Being come to St. Laurence Lane End, the Passage being streight, neither Horse nor Foot could be planted there. So that only the Sheriffs Officers, the City Counsil and Officers, the Sheriffs, Aldermen, and the Lord Maior, conducted their Majesties, and their Train, to Guildhall.

At their Entrance there, divers Honourable Lords and Ladies, that had not given their Attendance abroad, presented themselves to his Majesty, and conducted him and the Queen up to the new and old Counsil Chambers; being appointed for their Repose, till Dinner might be served to the Table: The Four Comptrollers for the Day, and about Eighty comely and grave Citizens, in Foins and Liveries, standing, and making a Lane on both Sides their Passage. To whom their Majesties shewed gracious Respects: The Musick of the City giving them their next Welcome.

Their Majesties Entrance to Guildhall.

Their Majesties being no sooner reposed, but Word was given for Serving up of Dinner, to their Table. The Place appointed for it was the Hustings, at the East End of the Hall: Which was raised almost two Yards from the Ground; the Floor being covered with Turky Carpets; and all the Hall, (as all the other Rooms of the Guildhall) was hanged, and adorned with rich Tapestry.

The King dines at the Hustings.

In the Middle of the Place where their Majesties dined, was hung up a Cloth of Estate; and two Chairs of Estate were set under it. Before which was placed a Table of Six Yards long. At the South End whereof, (two Yards distant from the Table) was a Table of Garnish, of three Yards square. And at the North End, was a Room erected for Musick of all sorts; for the better Entertainment and Delight of their Majesties, while they should be at Dinner.

And four or five Steps under the Place, where their Majesties dined, was a Frame of Timber erected, and floored with Deals, a Yard from the Ground; which extended almost to the Hall Door: Upon each side whereof was a Table set, from the upper to the lower End of it. At which two Tables, the Lords and Ladies that attended their Majesties were to dine. Between which was a spacious way left, covered with green Bays, whereon their Majesties were to pass to the Place where they should dine.

And in the West Part of the Hall, below the Gate, on the South side, was a long Table placed for his Majesty's Pensioners. And in all other Rooms, that were not for their Majesties Privacy, were likewise Tables prepared for several Sorts of their Majesties Attendants.

The Dinner was served up in this manner.

From their Majesties Table to the Dresser, (which was at the West End of the Hall) stood the Eighty Livery Men, before mentioned, in two Ranks, about two Yards distant from each other, Face to Face: One Rank of them receiving from the Dresser the King's Meat, and the other the Prince's, at one and the same Time. They never stirring, or removing from their Places; but delivering Dish after Dish, from one to another, till it came to the Sewers: Who placed it upon the Table.

The Manner of Serving up Dinner.

Their Majesties Meat was proportioned into Four Services. The First consisting of Fifty Dishes of cold Meats; as, Brawn, Fish, and cold baked Meats, planted upon the Garnish, or Side-Table. The other Three Services were of all Sorts of hot Flesh and Fish, boiled, roasted, and baked; to the Number of One Hundred and twenty Dishes. After which was served up a curious and well-ordered Banquet.

Four Services for the King:

The First of 50 Dishes.

At the High Table dined his Majesty, his Royal Consort the Queen, the Prince, the Duke of York, the Princess Mary, and the Prince Elector Palatine, in this Order:

The King sat under the Cloth of Estate, and her Majesty close to him, on his Left Hand. On his Majesty's Right Hand, (about a Yard distant) sat the Prince: And about the same Distance from his Highness, sat the Prince Elector.

At her Majesty's Left Hand (about a Yard's Space from her) was placed the Princess Mary; And not far from her, the Duke of York.

The Service for the Tables of the Lords and Ladies was thus ordered:

The Liveries, before mentioned, (after the Meat was placed on the High Table) served up the Dinner to those Tables; but in another Posture. For whereas before they stood in two Ranks, Face to Face; they now turned Back to Back. The Reason was, because (the Meat being served up to both Tables together) the one Rank of them might face to one Table, and the other to the other.

The Service for the Lords and Ladies Tables.

To these Two Tables were appointed Ten Messes, consisting of Five Hundred Dishes.

These Two Tables being likewise furnished, Care was taken for the rest of the Train, that were thought fit to be entertained within the Hall: Who were all served so plentifully, that not a Man was heard to go discontented away.

And because it was conceived beforehand by the Committees, that there might come more Company with their Majesties than could be conveniently provided for within the Hall; large Provision was made abroad for the Guard, Footmen, Coachmen, and the like: Where there dined about One Hundred and fifty Persons of all sorts.

His Majesty received such Content, as well in the Freedom of the Entertainment, as in the well-ordering thereof; that he was pleased by

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