and in a free Parliament to establish the Religion and Laws of these Kingdoms
sure and lasting Foundation. We have hitherto looked for some Remedy, for the
Oppressions and imminent Dangers we, together with our Protestant
laboured under, from his Majesty's Concessions and Concurrences with your
Highness's just and pious Purposes, express'd in your gracious Declarations.
herein finding our selves finally disappointed by his Majesty's withdrawing
we presume to make your Highness our Refuge; and do in the Name of this Capital
City implore your Highness's Protection; and most humbly beseech your Highness
vouchsafe to repair to this City; where your Highness will be received with
Joy and Satisfaction."
And as Learning and Wisdom do no less adorn than Wealth, and other
Accomplishments, so the City hath not wanted Learned and Wise Men: That on that
Account have been preferred to the Courts of Princes, or have been of very good
the City, for their prudent Advice and Counsil, as there has been Occasion.
Dr. Colet, Dean of St. Paul's, the Son of a Citizen, and Sir Thomas More, Lord
Chancellor of England, well known among the Learned; Sir Thomas Paget, Secretary
of State to King Henry the VIIIth, and Privy Counsellor also to the Two
Princes; the Lord Rich, Lord Chancellor to King Edward the VIth; Sir William
Williams, Earl of Southampton; and Sir John Allen, before-mentioned; Sir Lionel
Cranfield, Lord Treasurer to King James I. But among those that have justly
an honourable Remembrance for their Abilities in Prudence and Sober Advice,
Stadlow, Citizen and Haberdasher of London, must not be forgotten; who made that
memorable Speech to his Fellow-Citizens, how to manage themselves in a very
Juncture: When in the Year 1551, the Duke of Somerset, Lord Protector, and the
great Lords of the Court were in Dissension: And both going to gather Forces
each other. Then did the Duke in the King's Name send to them for Aid; and the
Party sitting at Ely House in the City, requiring Aid of them on the other Hand.
dangerous Matter on either Side, and very difficult for the City to steer right,
so as to
preserve her self in Safety. When the Recorder had urged the City to assist the
with 500 Men, and the Citizens remained silent, not knowing which Way to take,
Stadlow stood up and said, That it was good to think of Things past, to avoid
Danger of Things to come. And then mentioned a Passage that he had read in
Chronicle, somewhat parallel to their present Circumstance. Which was, That in
Barons Wars, under King Henry III. the Barons then demanded Aid of the Maior and
City, as the Lords now did: And that even in a rightful Cause for the
namely, for the Execution of certain good Laws, which the King would not suffer
executed. Whereupon the City did Aid them. And the Barons prevailed against
King. Afterwards upon certain Conditions the King and his Barons came to
Agreement. One of which Conditions was, That the King should grant his Pardon
the Lords and to the Citizens. And so he did. And the Pardon ratified by Act
Parliament. And what followed it, said he? Was it forgotten? No, surely, nor
neither, during the King's Life. And the Liberties of the City were taken away.
Strangers appointed to be our Heads and Governors: And the Citizens given away,
and Goods, and miserably afflicted. Such, said he, is the Wrath of a Prince.
Whereupon he very prudently advised, that both the Lords and the Citizens might
together, to make humble Petition to the King, that he would hear such
against the Government of the Lord Protector, as might be justly alledged and
And then he made no doubt, the Matter would be so pacified, that neither the
the Lords should have cause to seek for further Aid of Soldiers, the last
This was the wise and moderate Advice of this Citizen: Which took place. And
Commons stayed. And the Lords took another Course; namely, of addressing the
King. And so the City escaped that Danger.
Citizens Honourable for their Wisdom and Learning.
A Citizen's wise Advice.
This George Stadlow seems to have been very studious in History, and the Art of
Government. It was he that excited Ralph Robinson to translate More's Utopia
English, a Book that discovers a well-governed Commonweal.
It may also be placed among the Honours of this City, that so many Noblemen and
Persons of high Quality have, in former Times especially, resorted hither, and
their Residences here for some Part of the Year, with a numerous Retinue, when
came up. And not only great Noblemen, but the chief Churchmen, as the Bishops,
Abbots, Priors, &c. of the Kingdom, had their Houses here, which were called
Inns; where was great House-keeping. Whereof a Poet in Queen Elizabeth's Time
The Nobility and Gentry honour London by inhabiting in it.
Noblemens Inns in London.
For when they came to London there to stay,
They sent fat Beeves before them for their Store, &c.
Kept House in Inns, and fed the Poor thereby.
And such was the Wealth, the Pleasure, and the Diversions of London, that the
also could not forbear, but left their Country-Seats, to visit the City, and for
a Time to
become Citizens: Where also many of them chose to reside, rather than among
Tenants in the Country. Some for the Sake of the Sports and Games of it, and
for Variety, Company, the Fashions and Gaiety there. But London in the mean
wiped them of their Money, and Estates, and their Families often rued it at
foresaid ingenious Poet that lived less than an Age and an half ago, wrote a
against the Gentry upon this Occasion: Censuring them for affecting so much to
and tarry in London, to the Decay of Hospitality, and Injury of their Estates:
Pleasures and Diversions of London.
Fine Shops and Sights, fine Dames and Houses gay,
Fine Wares, fine Words, fine Sorts of Meat is there;
Yea, all is fine, and nothing gross, they say.
Fine Knacks cost much: Cost spoils us every where.
A Canker crept in Court, for some Men's Cross,
That eats up Lands, and breeds great Lack and Loss.
And then shewing the Debt and Beggary brought upon the Gentry by these London
Oh Lord, how soon a Man is o're his Shoes!
That wades and steps in Streams or Waters deep?
How soon some Town in Country we have News?
That some spend all; for they can nothing keep.
If such Lads were at Home in Bed asleep,
'Twere better sure, than live in London thus,
Upon the Score, or like Bankrupts, I wus.
I muse, why Youth, or Age of Gentile Blood,
Born unto Wealth and worldly Worship here,
In London long consumes both Land and Good,
That better were at Home to make good Chere.