|Portsoken Ward. Trinity Priory. ||4
Prior of Derland, Geffrey Clinton Chamberlain, and many other
Clerks and Laymen, French and English. Orgare le Prude (one of
their Company) was sent to King Henry, beseeching him to confirm
their Gift, which the King gladly granted by this Deed following:
Henry, King of England, to R. Bishop of London, to the Sheriffs and
Provost, and to all his Barons and faithful People, French and
English, of London and Middlesex, greeting: Know ye me to have
granted and confirmed to the Church and Canons of Holy Trinity of
London, the Soke of the English Knighten Guild, and the Land
which pertaineth thereunto, and the Church of S. Botolph, as the
Men of the same Guild have given and granted unto them: And I
will and straightly command, that they may hold the same well,
and honourably and freely, with Sack and Soke, Toll and Thea,
infangthese, and all Customes belonging to it, as the Men of the
same Guild in the best Sort had the same in the time of King
Edward; and as King William my Father, and Brother, did grant it
to them by their Writs. Witness, A. the Queen, Geffrey de Clinton,
the Chancellor, and William of Clinton; at Woodstocke.
The King's Charter confirming the same.
This Charter was afterwards confirmed by Gilbert, William and
Roger, Bishops of London. Then by S. Alphage, Archbishop of
Canterbury. Then by Alexander and Innocent, Popes. Innocent
also granted moreover to the Prior and Convent, that the foresaid
Church and Parishoners of the same should be served by one of
the Canons, to be removed at the Priors Pleasure.]
Confirmation of this Charter. Lib. Trin. Prior.
All these prescribed Writings (saith my Book) which some time
belonged to the Priory of the Holy Trinity, are registred in the End
of the Book of Remembrances of the Guild Hall of London, marked
with the Letter C. Folio 134. The King sent also his Sheriffs, to wit,
Aubery de Vere, and Roger, Nephew to Hubert, which (upon his
Behalf) should invest this Church with the possessions hereof;
which the said Sheriffs accomplished coming upon the Ground,
Andrew Buchevite, and the forenamed Witnesses and others
standing by; notwithstanding Othowerus, Acolivillus, Otto, and
Jeffrey, Earl of Essex, Constables of the Tower by Succession, with-
held by force a Portion of the said Land, as I have before
These Writings concerning this Knighten Guild register'd in Guild-hall.
Constables of the Tower.
All this History above related of the Founding of Trinity Church
within Aldgate, and of the Beginning of the Canons Regular and
Augustin Friars in England, is taken out of the Book C. in Guild-
Hall, and out of an old Book there, called Dunthorn; where we
read as follows.
The Founding of Trinity Church, Book C. Fol. 135. and Dunthorn, Fol. 79.
"In the Year of Christ 1108, and in the 8th Year of King
Henry, was the Church of the Holy Trinty within Aldgate, London,
founded by the venerable Lady Maud, Wife unto the said King, by
the Persuasion of Archbishop Anselm. It was given unto Norman,
who became the first Prior not only there, and first Canon Regular
of the whole Kingdom: For by him was all England (saith my
Record) adorned with the Rule of St. Augustin, and the Canonical
Habit of the Order: Which Order, by the gathering together of
many Friars into that Church, was the number of those that
praised God day and night, so much encreased, that the whole City
was much delighted with the Sight of it: Insomuch, that in the
Year of our Lord 1125. certain Burgesses of the City, descended of
the ancient Race of the English Knights, by Name Ralfe, the Son of
Algode, Wolfard le Deverish, Orgar le Prude, Edward Upcornhill,
Blacstan, and his Cousin Alwyn; Alwyn and Robert his Brother,
Sons of Leofstan; Leofstan the Goldsmith, and Wyzo
his Son, Hugh the Son of Wolgare, Algar Secusenne, Orgar the Son
of Dereman, Osbert Drinchepin, and Adelardus Hornpite, meeting
together in the Chapter of the Church of Christ, which is situate
within the Walls of the City near Aldgate; freely gave unto the
said Church, and unto the Canons serving God, all that Land and
Soken, which was called Anglish Cnithgilda; which lies by the Wall
of the City without Aldgate, and reaches into the Thames. They
gave it, I say, themselves becoming Friars, and partaking of the
Benefits of that Place, by the Hand of Norman the Prior, who
received them into the Society, as he had done others before them,
by an Oath taken upon the Text of the Gospel."
Norman the first Prior, and the first of the Augustin Order.
And to the Intent that this Gift of theirs might stand firm and
unchangeable, they surrendred up (among other Writings which
they had for it) the Charter of St. Edward: After which they gave
the Prior Seisin and Possession of the said Land * by the Church of
St. Botolph, which had been builded upon the same, and was the
Head of it."
* That is, by giving him Entrance and Possession into the Church of St Botolph, which was the Head, or, as it were, the Capital Messuage of the Manour.
All this was done before these Witnesses, Bernard, Prior of
Dunstable, John, Prior of Landa, and divers other French and
The said Donors hereupon sent one of their own Company, Ordgar
le Prude by Name, unto King Henry with their Petition, that he
would be pleased to give his Consent and Confirmation to their
said Gift. Whereupon the King very willingly allowed the said
Land and Soken unto the Church; and to be free and acquitted
from all Service to himself, as frank Alms ought to be; which he
thus confirmed by his Charter:"
Henry, King of England, &c. as before.]
To all this was added the sacred Confirmation of the Pope, without
which nothing was firm enough in those Times. Innocent II. in the
second Year of King Stephen, Anno 1137, directed this Bull to his
beloved Son Norman, Prior of the Church, placed within the Walls
of London, and to his Friars, &c. i.e.
"We appoint, that
whatsoever Possessions and Goods the said Christ-church doth
now justly and lawfully possess, or hereafter by the Concession of
Popes, Grants of Kings and Princes, Offerings of the Faithful, or by
other just Means may be gotten, do remain firm and inviolable to
you and your Successors. Among which, these we thought
convenient to express by their proper Names; to wit, two Parts of
Issues of the City of Exon, the Lands of Lectune, which Simon du
Moulins, and Adeline his Wife, out of a Principle of Piety, granted
to the same Place, the Land and the Soke of Anglische-cnihte gild,
the Church of Bix, with its Rents, the Church of Totenham. Besides,
whatever Churches or Lands, without the City of London or within,
reasonably bestowed upon you by God's faithful People, or shall
happen to be offered hereafter, we confirm to you, and by you to
the same Church, by Apostolical Authority, &c. Yet saving due
Reverence to the Bishop of the Diocese."
To this hangeth a
Leaden Bull with Strings of yellow and red Silk.]
Pope Innocent's Bull for Confirmation of the Gifts given to this Priory.
Statuimus, Rym. Fœdera, &c. Tom. I.
The Prior and Canons of the Holy Trinity being thus seized of the
said Land and Soke of Knighten Guild, a Part of the Suburb
without the Wall, (but within the Liberties of the City) the same
Prior was for him, and his Successors, ad-
Part of Knighten Guild withheld by the Constables of the Tower.