Portsoken Ward. St. Katharines. 8

Portsoken Ward. St. Katharines.

Frederick Becker, a Gentleman of Holland, drowned by falling out of a Ship into the Thames near Gravesend. Dyed May 30. 1663. ætat suæ 40. A Monument set up for him by Adriana Vernatti. Joanna Wife to Joh. Rampain Gent. and Daughter to Rob. Cæsar Esq; died in Childbed, 1694.

On the Ground, Gravestones: For Tho. Edmanson of this Precinct, deceased May 11. 1675. Joseph Edmanson jun. Mar. 26. 1692.

Katharine Moor, 1667. Charles Stamford Surgeon, 1668. and Elizabeth his Wife. John Friend sen. Oct. 13. 1665. Also William Friend his Son, 1665. Anne Jones borne in Anglesey, 1665.

John Pexsail Esq; and Serjeant of the Admiralty, Sept. 17. 1625. He hath Effigies in Brass.

Will Pope Gent. Serjeant of the Admiralty, and Bailiff of St. Katharines. Nov. 17. 1609. Aged 74. Hath an Effigies in Brass, Henricus Powys LL.D. unus fratrum hujus Hospitii. Ob. Mar. 14 1698/9.

John Williams Brewer. Mar. 3. 1661. and Alice his Wife, Jan. 29. 1660.

Jeremy Horsenayle of this Parish Brewer, 1692. And Alice his Wife, 1691.

Elizabeth Horsenayle, wife of Tho. Nasbet, 1695.

Edwardus Lake S.T.P. Ecclesiæ Exon. Præbendarius, ejusdem Archidiaconus, primus S. Mariæ ad Montem, & S. Andr. Hubbard parochiarum unitarum diu Rector, hujus Ecclesiæ primus Frater, &c. Ob. Kal. Feb. 1703/4 ætat suæ 63.

Judith Wife of Captain Robert Fisher, 1660. Richard Fisher Brother of Robert, 1682/3. Will. Ford. 1699. Richard Moor. Sarah Daughter of Richard Moor, Wife of Nathaniel Fox, late Carriage Master to the Office of Ordinance. Rich Moor sen. Tho. Collins Surgeon. Peter Verschel, 1694. Eleonor Wife of Emmanuel Dudson, 1704. Sarah Warner, 1699. Fredeswide Smith, 1696. Tho. Anderson, 1696. Elizabeth Debnam Wife of John Debnam, Merchant Taylor, of the City of Bristol, 1702/3. Rob. Beadles, Free Mason and Citizen of London, and one of his Majesty's Gunners of the Tower, 1682.

In this Hospital Raimundus Lullius, the famous Hermetic Philosopher, wrote his Testamentum Novissimum: As by the latter End of that Work appears. It may not be amiss to add, for the Honour of this ancient House, that Richard Verstegan, that wrote the Restitution of decayed Antiquities, was born in St. Katharines. Whose Grandfather Theodore Rowland Verstegan was of Guelderland, descended of an ancient and worshipful Family: And, by reason of the War, came into England the latter end of K. Henry VII. As the abovementioned Gentleman, Mr. Gibbon, late an Inhabitant himself of St. Katharine's Hospital, now 38 Years and upwards, hath informed me.]

Rich. Verstegan born in St. Katharines.

The Choir, which of late Years was not much inferior to that of Paul's, was dissolved by Dr. Wylson, a late Master there, the Brethren and Sisters remaining. This House was valued at 315.l. 14.s. 2.d. being now now of late Years enclosed about with small Tenements and homely Cottages; having more Inhabitants, English and Strangers, than are in some Cities in England.

The Choir.

Many of these Strangers had been Inhabitants of Calais, Hammes and Guisnes; which Places being lost in the Reign of Q. Mary, the poor People, Tradesmen and others, were glad to flee over into England: Where wanting Habitation, a Place belonging to St. Katharines (now a Lane) was allowed them, which, from the Countries whence they came, was called Hammes and Guisnes; and is the same with that Place, which at this Day by a strange Corruption is called Hagmans Gains; as I was once told by Mr. Gibbon aforesaid, late one of the College of Heralds, and a learned Antiquarian: And he had it from Mr. H. Sylliard once a Brother of this Hospital.

A Place in St. Katharines called Hangmans Gains.

J. S.

Among many outlandish Men that lived here in St. Katharines was one Crokehay, a Man of Credit and Substance; who inhabited here in Q. Mary's Days: Whose Wife Gertrude, being a fast Protestant, was troubled upon her Death-bed by Dr. Mallet, then Master of St. Katharines; because he could not persuade her, neither to receive the Unction nor the Sacrament; excusing this last, in that she was subject to vomit, and so was sure, she said, to cast up their God again. He therefore refused her Christian Burial when she was dead, and said she should be buried in some High Way, and a Mark set upon her in token that she was an Heretick; but her Husband at last obtained leave to bury her in his Garden: For there were Gardens then in St. Katharines.

One Crokehay a Stranger in St. Katharines. Fox Martyrol.

Behind Hangmans Gains [corrupted from Hammes and Guisnes] is the Flemish Churchyard, which was appropriated for the Burial of those of Hammes and Guisnes, and other poor Flemings that came over afterwards under Q. Elizabeth: And is still a Churchyard for the poorer sort.

Hangmans Gains.

The Flemish Church-yard

Mr. Gibbon.

Somewhere within the Liberties of the Tower, and as it seems in this Part of St. Katharines, was a Place called Judaismus, the Jewry, which being a Place of Privilege, such as were Jews (as well as others) resorted thither for their Safety, who fell off from the Religion then professed and practised; and particularly Priests that had taken Wives; and so esteemed Apostates from the Unity of the Catholick Church. Among the Collections of the Tower Records taken by Mr. Prynn, we have this,

The Jewry in St. Katharines.

"That An. 1279. 8. E. I. Upon the Archbishop's Request, the King issued a Writ to the Maior and Sheriffs of London, to apprehend certain Apostates, qui recesserunt ab unitate Catholicæ Fidei. But they were in Judaismo, i.e. the Jewry: And so out of the Power and Jurisdiction of the Magistrates of London. Upon this the Archbishop wrote to the Bishop of Bath and Wells, that was Chancellor, signifying that those Enemies of the Faith were yet in Balliva Majoris & Vicecom. Lond. sed in Judaismo sub Custodia & Potestate Conastabularii Turris, ubi ingredi non possunt, ut dicitur, sine speciali mandato." Some of these Enemies of the Faith, and Apostates from Catholick Unity, seem to be such Priests as had Wives; for in the same Letter it is added, that he would take away that Word Dudum in his former Writ, Quoniam nunc ipsorum Uxores sunt sicut prius.]

A Place of Privilege.

Rec. Turr.

The Circuit of this Hospital, or Free Chapel of St. Katharine, is as follows: From the East Gate of the Tower by the Thames, unto the Bank beyond St. Katharine's Dock eastward; and from thence through all the Lane which leadeth from the said Dock, and in and by every Part of the said Lane, unto the King's Highway northward: Which way lyeth between the Abby of Grace, and the said Hospital or Free Chapel, and leadeth from the City of London unto Ratcliff. And also from the said Way, against the same Lane, unto the Tower Ditch westward, and from thence to the River of Thames southward.]

Bounds of St. Katharines. R.

St. Katharines was famous for Brewhouses in ancient Times. One Geffrey Gate in K. Henry VII. his Days spoiled the Brewhouses at St. Katharines twice; either for brewing too much to their Customers beyond the Sea, or for putting too much Water into the Beer of their Customers, that they served on this side the Sea, or else for both.

St. Katharines Brewhouses.

Leighs Accid. of Armory. fol. 79.b.

J. S.

There be divers very ancient Records concerning this Knighten Guild, or Portsoken, that afterwards came into the Possession of the Canons of Trinity Church; and likewise concerning the Hospital of St. Katharines: And many Charters of Kings of England, setting out the Liberties,

Extent