Plots, &c. so it is of late, to wit, in the Year of Christ 1593. on the
North Side thereof, and at the West End of Hog Street [or Hog
Lane] beautified by certain fair Almshouses there, strongly
builded of Brick and Timber, and covered with Slate for the poor
by the Merchant Taylors of London, in place of some small
Cottages, given to them by Richard Hills, some time a Master of
that Company * certain Timber for that use, being also given by
Anthony Radcliffe, of the same Society, Alderman.
Merchant Taylors Almshouses. at the Tower Hill.
* One hundred Loads 2d Edit.
In these Almshouses 14 charitable Brethren of the said Merchant
Taylors yet living, have placed 14 poor sole Women, which receive
each of them of their Founders 16d. or better, weekly, beside 8l.
15s. yearly, paid out of the common Treasury of the same
Corporation for Fuel.
In this Hog Lane, now mentioned, lying on the back side of
Whitechapel, were eight Acres of Land, which about the Year
1574 were in the Possession of one Benedict Spinola, a rich Italian
Merchant; whereof he made twenty Tenter Yards and certain
Gardens. These, some pretended, were first enclosed by him,
being before open and common. And hence it came to pass, that
in the Year 1584 it was presented as an Annoyance to the
Archers, and all the Queen's Liege People. And a Precept was
awarded to the Tenants and Occupiers of the Premisses to remove
their Pales and Fences, and all Buildings made thereupon: For now
many Clothiers dwelt here, who, hereupon applied themselves to
the Lord Treasurer of England, and brought Witness to the
contrary: Shewing, that the same Field, before it was so converted
as then it was, was a Piece of Ground several, not common, nor
never commonly used by any Archers, being far unmeet for
Archers to shoot in, by reason of standing Puddles, most noisome
Laystals, and filthy Ditches in and about the same. Also the Way
called Hog Lane was so foul and deep in the Winter time, that no
Man could pass by the same. And in Summer time Men would not
pass thereby for fear of Infection, by means of the Filthiness that
lay there. So that the Presenters were utterley deceived, and not
well informed in their Presentments. Afterwards Benedict Spinola
bestowed great Cost and Charges upon levelling and cleansing the
Premisses; and made divers Tenter Yards, by means whereof the
common Ways and Passages about the said eight Acres were
greatly amended and enlarged, that all People might well and
safely pass. And poor Clothworkers by the Tenter Yards were
greatly relieved: For that of late time divers Tenter Yards in and
about London were decayed and pulled down, and the Ground
converted to other Uses. And because the Queen had lately by
Proclamation restrained all future Buildings and Enclosures in the
Suburbs, they shewed that these Tenter Yards and Gardens were
made long before the said Proclamation.]
Eight Acres enclosed in Hog Lane by Spinola.
From the West Part of this Tower Hill, towards Aldgate, being a
long continual Street, amongst other smaller Buildings in that Row,
there was sometimes an Abby of Nuns of the Order of St. Clare,
called the Minories, founded by Edmund, Earl of Lancaster,
Leicester and Darby, Brother to King Edward I. in the Year 1293,
the length of which Abby contained 15 Perches and seven Foot;
near unto the King's Street, or High Way, &c. as appeareth by a
Deed dated 1303. A Plague of Pestilence being in this City in the
Year 1515, there died in this House of Nuns professed to the
Number of 27, besides other Lay People, Servants in the House.
This House was valued to dispend 418l. 8s. 5d. yearly. And was
surrendred by Dame Elizabeth Sal-
vage, the last Abbess there, unto King Hen. VIII. in the thirtieth of
his Reign, the Year of Christ 1539.
Abby of St. Clare Nuns called the Minories.
Concerning this House of Nuns, I find these Particulars. The
Licence for Founding it bore Date 21 E. I. to the Abbess of St. Clare
without Aldgate. There was a Charter granted 9 E. II. that the
Sisters Minoresses without Aldgate, sint quiete de Tallagie, &c. i. e.
be quit of Tallage on account of their Lands and Tenements in the
City of London. In another Charter 14 E. II. it is called the Abby
of the Minoresses of St. Mary of the Order of St. Clare without the
Walls of the City: In which Charter are confirmed certain Messes
of theirs in the Vintry, in Wood Street, Lad Lane, Old Fishstreet,
and one Mess and two Shops in Lombard Street, Christ's Church
Lane, and Shirburgh Lane; gotten of divers well affected Persons:
What the Charters and Liberties of these Minoresses were, may be
seen by the Confirmation thereof in 1 H.V. and Anno 16. and 25.
and 2 H. 4. which remain in the Tower Records. The Manour of
Apeldercome was granted to the Prioress of the Minoresses
without Aldgate, 1 H. IV. and 22 H. VI. A Mess called Herteshorn,
in the Parish of St. Mary Matselon, was granted to them by
Nicholas Walshe, 7 E. IV. To all the rest let this be added.
The Founding, Privileges, Revenues of this Place.
That this House was first erected to receive Nuns that were to be
brought over by Blanch Queen of Navarre, Wife to the abovesaid
Earl Edmund: And they were professed to serve God, the blessed
Virgin, and St. Francis; as appears by this Charter of Licence,
which the said Edmund obtained of the King his Brother the 21st
of his Reign. Viz.
These Nuns at first brought over by Blanch, Queen of Navar.
Rex omnibus ad quos, &c. Volentes Edmundo fratri nostro gratiam
facere specialem, dedimus ei licentiam, &c. quod ipse placeam
quam habet ex dono Thomæ de Bredestrete in parochia
Sancti Botolphi extra Aldgate, dare possit, &c. Monialibus de
Ordine Minorum quæ per Nobilem Dominam Blancam
Reginam Navarre, consortem ejusdem fratris nostri in Angliam
sunt venturæ & merituræ, ac Deo & beate Marie ac
beato Francisco serviture, ad quandam domum ibidem
construendam, & habitandam, &c. "
Pet. Le Neve Esq;
Fundatio Monial. Minorum extra Aldgate.
Pat. 21. E. I. M. 11. 22 E. I. M. 2.
This dissolved Monastery, being a large old Messuage, became a
dwelling House for divers great Men successively; whom the King
pleased to allow to reside there. One of these, and the first, was
John Clark Bishop of Bath and Wells, who was buried in the
Minorites Church; and afterwards his Corps rested in Aldgate
Church, as an old Inscription there in Brass testified: Afterwards, I
think I have read, some Officers of the Tower had their Dwelling
there. In the Year 1552. it came to Henry Duke of Suffolk by
Patent from K. Edward VI.
"Granting the chief Messuage, or
Mansion, called The Minory House, within the Precinct of the said
Monastery, called the Minores, without Aldgate, London; and
divers Houses in London belonging to the said Monastery, which
extend to the clear Value of 36.l. 11.s. 5.d. ob to hold in free
Socage; and the foresaid capital House in Capite."
Henry Duke of Suffolk dwelt here.
Wev. Monum. p. 426.
Cott. Librar. Julius B. 9.
An Account of the Monuments of such Persons of Quality as were
buried in this Monstery, is wanting. I find one Matild Trussel
buried here, and the Lady Elizabeth Keryel, who bequeathed her
Body, by her Will An. 1419. to be buried in the Minoress Church,
London, near the Tomb of her Mother, the foresaid Matild Trussel.
And Elizabeth, Dutchess of Norfolk, in the Year 1506. by her last
Will, ordered her Body to be lain in the Nuns Choir, in the
Minoresses without Aldgate, London; nigh unto the Place where
Anne Montgomery lay buried.