|Ealdgate Ward. The Bounds. ||73
Ecclesiæ & Reipublicæ. In this Place stood the old Parish
Church of St. Mary Axe. And here I went once to School, Mr
Singleton being chief Master: who was preferred thence to Eaton
School. But now it is no longer a School; but put to other Uses.]
Their Bounds and Limits are thus: First they go East, so far as the
House of one Allen Barker, Grocer, over against Billeter Lane End,
and so North all the side of the High Street, to Mr. Fancis Philips's
House, over against the King's Head Tavern, West. There, on the
South side of the High Street, beginning at the Italian Ordinary of
Ieronymo di Soldi, they turn East to one Thomas Georges, two
Houses beyond the Pewter Pot. Then they turn back into
Limestreet, South, on both sides the Way; so far as the House of
Nicholas Hobland, (or rather Houblon) Merchant Stranger, on the
one side, and William Ruddock, Taylor, on the other. Returning
back, they cross the way into St. Mary Axe, all the West side
throughout the whole Street, with some certain Houses over
against London Wall towards Bishopsgate, the last whereof is the
dwelling House of Griffin Martin, Trumpeter. So turning back into
St. Mary Axe, they go upon the East side, from the House of Mr.
John Holding, commonly called Fletchers Hall, and so on to Mr.
George Sares, adjoyning to the Church, and there end. Mr. Henry
Mason is Parson there, but my friendly furtherance was by
Thomas Johnson the Clerk.]
Bounds and Limits.
Now down St. Mary Street, by the West end of the Church towards
the North, stands divers fair Houses for Merchants, and other;
namely, one fair great House builded by Sir William Pickering the
Father, possessed by Sir William his Son, and since by Sir Edward
Wootton of Kent. North from this Place is the Fletchers Hall, and
so down to the corner of that Street over against London Wall; and
again Eastwards to a fair House lately builded, partly by Mr.
Robert Beale, one of the Clerks of the Council.
St. Mary Street.
In this Street stood a Parish Church, dedicated to St. Mary, and
commonly called St. Mary at Axe. Ecclesiæ S. Mariæ atte
Nax, London. In Queen Elizabeth's Reign united to St. Andrew
St. Mary at Axe.
Then come you to the Papey, a proper House, wherein sometime
was kept a Fraternity or Brotherhood of St. Charity and St. John
Evangelist, called the Papey, for poor impotent Priests, (for in
some Language Priests are called Papes) founded in the Year
1430. by William Oliver, William Barnabie and John Stafford
Chaplains, or Chantry Priests in London, for a Master, two
Wardens, &c. Chaplains, Chauntry Priests, Conducts, and other
Brethren and Sisters, that should be admitted into the Church of
St. Augustine Papey in the Wall. The Brethren of this House
becoming lame, or otherwise into great Poverty; were here
relieved; as to have Chamber, with certain allowance of Bread,
Drink, and Coal, and one old Man and his Wife to see them served,
and to keep the House clean.
Papey, a Brotherhood or Hospital for poor Priests.
St. Augustine Papey in the Wall.
These poor Priests of the Papey; (as also the Brotherhood of the
threescore Priests, and the Company of Clerks that were skilled in
singing Diriges and Church Offices) commonly attended at solemn
Funerals. Dame Jane Milbourn, Widow of Sir John Milbourn, in her
last Will Anno 1543. willed to be buried in St. Edmund
Lumbardstreet; and bequeathed to the Brotherhood of Papey to
come to her Burial, and to pray for her Soul, 10s. And likewise to
the Brotherhood of Threescore Priests in London; to come to her
Burial, and pray for her Soul. 10s.
And to the Brotherhood of Clerks to come to her Burial, and pray
for her Soul, 10s. And likewise to Bartho. Lynsted, sometime Prior
of St. Mary Overies, to come, &c. 6l. 13s. 6d.
They attended at Funerals.
They that please may read more of this Church and Brotherhood
in Limestreet Ward, and also in a MS. in the Cotton Library; where
an Account is given of the Foundation and Statutes of the
Fraternity in Honour of Holy Charity and St. John Evangelist, for
the Aid and Maintenance of poor Priests in the Church or Chapel of
St. Augustine de Papey within Bishopsgate, made at various times;
with the Charter of the Donation of the Papey Church, and other
things belonging to that Fraternity: Also the Names of the Masters
and Wardens from the Year 1442. Anno 20 Hen. VI. to 1548. Anno
2 Edw. VI. when I suppose it was dissolved.]
The Foundation, Statutes and Masters of this Fraternity. Cott. Libr. Vitell. F.16.
This Brotherhood (amongst others) was suppressed in the Reign of
Edward VI. Since the which time, in this House hath been lodged
Mr. Morris of Essex, Sir Francis Walsingham, principal Secretary to
her Majesty, Master Barret of Essex, &c.
Then next is one great House, large of Rooms, fair Courts and
Garden Plots, sometime pertaining to the Bassets, since that, to the
Abbots of Bury in Suffolk, and therefore called Buries Marks,
corruptly Bevis Marks. And since the Dissolution of the Abby of
Bury, to Thomas Heneage the Father, and Sir Thomas Heneage the
The Abbot of Bury his Inn.
This House and Ground is now encreased into many Tenements:
And among the rest, the Jews of London have of late built
themselves a large Synagogue here, wainscotted round. It stands
East and West like one of our Churches. The great Door is on the
West: Near to which West End is a long Desk upon an Ascent,
somewhat raised from the rest of the Floor; where I suppose the
Law is read. The East Wall is in part railed in; and before the Wall
is a Door, which is to open with a Key, where their Law seems to
be laid up. Aloft on this Wall are the Ten Commandments, or
some part of them, inscribed in Golden Hebew Letters without
Points. There be seven great Branched Candlesticks of Brass
hanging down from the Top; and many other Places for Candles
and Lamps. The Seats are Benches, with Backs to them that run
along from West to East. I happened to go into this Synagogue one
Day in the Week before their Pentecost, that is, our Whitsunday:
There I saw a great many Jews, some of the beter Rank of them,
seeing and ordering things against the Feast: others climbing up
Ladders, and adorning the Candlesticks with Bunches of sweet
Flowers and Herbs: others strewing the Windows and other Places
with the like Herbs and Flowers very neatly; all in order to the
Celebration of their approaching Feast.]
The Jews Synagogue here.
Then next unto it is the before spoken Priory of the Holy Trinity,
to wit, the West and North part thereof, which stretcheth up to
Ealdgate, where we first begun.
Now again in the second way from Ealdgate, more toward the
South, from the Well or Pump aforesaid, lyeth Fenchurch Street;
on the Right Hand whereof, somewhat West from the South End of
Belzetters Lane, is the Ironmongers Hall; which Company was
incorporated in the third of Edward IV. Richard Fleming was their
first Master; Nicholas Marshal and Richard Cox were Custos's or
Wardens. And on the Left Hand; or South side (even by the Gate
and Wall of the City) runneth down a Lane to the Tower Hill; the
South part whereof is called Woodroffe Lane; and out of this Lane
toward the West, a Street called Hartstreet.
Woodroffe Lane by the Wall of the Tower Hill.