|Ealdgate Ward. Present State. ||82
and Coaches, but towards the upper End hath a handsome House
with a Garden before it fit for a good Inhabitant; and near unto
this Yard is Berry Street, which is very handsome and cleanly
kept, with good uniform Buildings on both Sides, which are well
inhabited by Merchants, and Persons of Repute, who dwell
privately, without Shops: This Street falls into one part of Dukes
Place, where there is a narrow Passage into St. Mary Axe, called
Greyhound Alley, which is but ordinary.
St. Mary Axe, a Street that comes out of Bevis Marks by London
Wall, and runneth up South to Leadenhall Street against Lime
Street. And this Street, especially the East Side, (which is only in
this Ward) is generally taken up by Merchants, there being divers
large and fair Buildings seated backwards, with good Entrances to
them shut up by Gates; and many of them have Gardens behind
St. Mary Axe.
Here was lately the fair House of Sir Jeffrey Jeffryes, Knt. and
Alderman. Which is now taken down, with divers others. In the
Places whereof are other good Houses now erecting by Mr. John
Blunt, the Gardens backwards having been spacious, and designed
for a Square.
At the North End is Fletchers Hall, a pretty small Brick Building.
And at the South Corner is seated the Parish Church of St. Andrew
Undershaft, formerly St. Andrew the Apostle; a large old Church,
having a Towered Steeple, and a Lanthorn in the midst. It was
one of the Churches that escaped the late Conflagration. It is in
the Diocese of London, the Bishop of London Patron. The Dismes
St. Andrew Undershaft Church.
Leadenhall Street, a Place of a great Trade, well inhabited, and a
great Through-fare. In this Street are these Places. Pewter Pot
Inn, of an indifferent Trade. Allen's Court hath one large House
that fronts the Street, being sometime the Seat of Sir Thomas
Allen, and therefore so called. Wheatsheaf Alley hath a dark
Entrance, and is but ordinary. Axe Alley hath several Turnings,
and leads into Buckers Gardens, and so into Dukes Place by the
Jews Synagogue. The Crown Tavern large and of a good Trade.
The Royal African House, a large House, being the Place for the
Management of the Affairs of that Company. Sugar Loaf Court, a
pretty handsome Place, with a Free Stone Pavement, well built
and inhabited. Black Raven Alley, small and ordinary. Little
Dukes Place also mean and small.
Pewter Pot Inn.
Sugar Loaf Court.
Black Raven Alley.
Little Dukes Place.
Lime Street on the South Side of Leadenhall Street leads into
Fenchurch Street, and is for the generality taken up by Merchants,
and Persons of Repute. The West Side of this Street lieth in Lime
Street Ward; some part in Langborn Ward; there being in this
Ward but the East Side, from Leadenhall Street Corner unto a late
built Street, called Cullum Street from the Builder. And in this
Part is Axe Yard, which is but indifferent. Lime Street Alley, by
some called Billiter Alley, as leading into Billiter Square, and
through that Square East into Billiter Lane. Betwixt this Alley and
Axe Yard is a new Court built out of some Houses pulled down.
Lime Street Alley.
East of Lime Street is Billiter Lane, which also goes out of
Leadenhall Street, and falls into Fenchurch Street against the End
of Mark Lane. This Street is of very ordinary Account, the
Buildings being very old Timber Houses, which much want pulling
down and new Building, and the Inhabitants being as
inconsiderable as small Brokers, Chaundlers, and such like. And
'tis great pity that a Place so well seated should be so mean: But
the chief Ornament of this Place is Billiter Square on the West
Side, which is very handsome, open, and airy Place, graced with
new Brick Buildings, very well inhabited; and out of this Square is
a handsome Free Stone Passage called Smith's Rents, which
leadeth to Fenchurch Street, where there stands also good Houses.
In this Street or Lane is Billet Court, which is both small and
Mark Lane, or Mart Lane. Entring into which, on the Left Hand
there is a large open square Place, with a Passage to it for Carts,
which is called Blanch Appleton Court, having pretty good Timber
Houses, which are indifferently well inhabited. It hath a turning
Passage on the South Side by an Alley which encompasseth some
of the Houses. More South is Pick-axe Alley, very small and
ordinary, with a dark Entrance into it. This Lane is very long,
falling into Tower Street. But the Part in this Ward is but small,
viz. the East Side from the Corner of Fenchurch unto Pick-axe
Alley, the greatest Part being in Tower Street Ward, with some
Part in Langborn Ward.
Blanch Appleton Court.
Fenchurch Street is long, reaching from the Pump within Aldgate
to Gracechurch Street; and for the generality is well inhabited, and
amongst the Inhabitants divers are Merchants: But of this Street,
there is in this Ward no more but from Billiter Lane unto Aldgate
Street on the North Side, and a little beyond Mark Lane to Aldgate
Street on the South Side; the rest being in Langborn Ward. Places
of Name in this Part of the Street are, St. Katharine Coleman
Church, seated on the South Side betwixt Mark Lane and
Northumberland House, now converted into Buildings, and called
Northumberland Alley. Adjoining to this Church Westward, is
Magpye Alley, which hath a narrow Passage into French Ordinary
Court, and so into Cructched Fryers. Sugar Loaf Alley hath a
Passage with a Free Stone Pavement into Leadenhall Street.
Northumberland Alley, very long, which with several turning
Passages falls into Crutched Fryers; and for the generality is but
an ordinary Place, as well for Buildings as Inhabitants, yet not
without some few that are good. Nearer Aldgate is the Sarazens
Head Inn, which is very large, and of a considerable Trade.
St. Katharine Coleman Church.
French Ordinary Court.
Sugar Loaf Alley.
Sarazens Head Inn.
Crouched, or Crossed Fryers, begins in the West at Hart Street, and
runs Eastward, taking in part of the Navy Office, as is laid down in
the Map of Tower Street Ward, and then turning Northwards, falls
into Aldgate. But that Part that runs Northwards is called Poor
Jury Lane, from the Jews that formerly there inhabited. This Lane
is but ordinary as to its Houses and Inhabitants.
Poor Jury Lane.
This Crouched Fryers Street hath several good Buildings and
Places of Name, viz. on the North Side, French Ordinary Court
already mentioned, being a large open Place with very good
Buildings, especially on the East Side; having Pallisado Pales, with
Trees before the Court Yards of the Houses, and a Free Stone
Pavement betwixt the Houses. Out of this Court is a Passage down
Steps into Fenchurch Street.
French Ordinary Court.
The Navy Office on the South Side of the Street hath some Part in
this Ward, to wit, almost the first Court, with the Side Buildings,
and some small Part of the Office itself; the other Part, viz. the
back Part, being in Tower Street Ward. And for as much as the
chief Entrance out of Crouched Fryers is on this Ward, I shall here
give the Description thereof. This Place since its new Buildings is
made very commodious for Business, the Office where the
Commissioners meet, and the several Clerks keep their Books,
being placed in the midst of a large Court apart from the rest of
the Buildings round about it; which are set apart for the Residence
of the Commissioners and principal Officers; the Office
The Navy Office.