Ealdgate Ward. Present State. 82

Ealdgate Ward. Present State.

and Coaches, but towards the upper End hath a handsome House with a Garden before it fit for a good Inhabitant; and near unto this Yard is Berry Street, which is very handsome and cleanly kept, with good uniform Buildings on both Sides, which are well inhabited by Merchants, and Persons of Repute, who dwell privately, without Shops: This Street falls into one part of Dukes Place, where there is a narrow Passage into St. Mary Axe, called Greyhound Alley, which is but ordinary.

Berry Street.

Greyhound Alley.

St. Mary Axe, a Street that comes out of Bevis Marks by London Wall, and runneth up South to Leadenhall Street against Lime Street. And this Street, especially the East Side, (which is only in this Ward) is generally taken up by Merchants, there being divers large and fair Buildings seated backwards, with good Entrances to them shut up by Gates; and many of them have Gardens behind them.

St. Mary Axe.

Here was lately the fair House of Sir Jeffrey Jeffryes, Knt. and Alderman. Which is now taken down, with divers others. In the Places whereof are other good Houses now erecting by Mr. John Blunt, the Gardens backwards having been spacious, and designed for a Square.

At the North End is Fletchers Hall, a pretty small Brick Building. And at the South Corner is seated the Parish Church of St. Andrew Undershaft, formerly St. Andrew the Apostle; a large old Church, having a Towered Steeple, and a Lanthorn in the midst. It was one of the Churches that escaped the late Conflagration. It is in the Diocese of London, the Bishop of London Patron. The Dismes 17s. 4d.

Fletchers Hall.

St. Andrew Undershaft Church.

Leadenhall Street, a Place of a great Trade, well inhabited, and a great Through-fare. In this Street are these Places. Pewter Pot Inn, of an indifferent Trade. Allen's Court hath one large House that fronts the Street, being sometime the Seat of Sir Thomas Allen, and therefore so called. Wheatsheaf Alley hath a dark Entrance, and is but ordinary. Axe Alley hath several Turnings, and leads into Buckers Gardens, and so into Dukes Place by the Jews Synagogue. The Crown Tavern large and of a good Trade. The Royal African House, a large House, being the Place for the Management of the Affairs of that Company. Sugar Loaf Court, a pretty handsome Place, with a Free Stone Pavement, well built and inhabited. Black Raven Alley, small and ordinary. Little Dukes Place also mean and small.

Leadenhall Street.

Pewter Pot Inn.

Allens Court.

Wheatsheaf Alley.

Axe Alley.

Crown Tavern.

African House.

Sugar Loaf Court.

Black Raven Alley.

Little Dukes Place.

Lime Street on the South Side of Leadenhall Street leads into Fenchurch Street, and is for the generality taken up by Merchants, and Persons of Repute. The West Side of this Street lieth in Lime Street Ward; some part in Langborn Ward; there being in this Ward but the East Side, from Leadenhall Street Corner unto a late built Street, called Cullum Street from the Builder. And in this Part is Axe Yard, which is but indifferent. Lime Street Alley, by some called Billiter Alley, as leading into Billiter Square, and through that Square East into Billiter Lane. Betwixt this Alley and Axe Yard is a new Court built out of some Houses pulled down.

Lime Street.

Cullum Street.

Axe Yard.

Lime Street Alley.

East of Lime Street is Billiter Lane, which also goes out of Leadenhall Street, and falls into Fenchurch Street against the End of Mark Lane. This Street is of very ordinary Account, the Buildings being very old Timber Houses, which much want pulling down and new Building, and the Inhabitants being as inconsiderable as small Brokers, Chaundlers, and such like. And 'tis great pity that a Place so well seated should be so mean: But the chief Ornament of this Place is Billiter Square on the West Side, which is very handsome, open, and airy Place, graced with good new Brick Buildings, very well inhabited; and out of this Square is a handsome Free Stone Passage called Smith's Rents, which leadeth to Fenchurch Street, where there stands also good Houses. In this Street or Lane is Billet Court, which is both small and ordinary.

Billiter Lane.

Billier Square.

Smith's Rents.

Billet Court.

Mark Lane, or Mart Lane. Entring into which, on the Left Hand there is a large open square Place, with a Passage to it for Carts, which is called Blanch Appleton Court, having pretty good Timber Houses, which are indifferently well inhabited. It hath a turning Passage on the South Side by an Alley which encompasseth some of the Houses. More South is Pick-axe Alley, very small and ordinary, with a dark Entrance into it. This Lane is very long, falling into Tower Street. But the Part in this Ward is but small, viz. the East Side from the Corner of Fenchurch unto Pick-axe Alley, the greatest Part being in Tower Street Ward, with some Part in Langborn Ward.

Mark Lane.

Blanch Appleton Court.

Pick-axe Alley.

Fenchurch Street is long, reaching from the Pump within Aldgate to Gracechurch Street; and for the generality is well inhabited, and amongst the Inhabitants divers are Merchants: But of this Street, there is in this Ward no more but from Billiter Lane unto Aldgate Street on the North Side, and a little beyond Mark Lane to Aldgate Street on the South Side; the rest being in Langborn Ward. Places of Name in this Part of the Street are, St. Katharine Coleman Church, seated on the South Side betwixt Mark Lane and Northumberland House, now converted into Buildings, and called Northumberland Alley. Adjoining to this Church Westward, is Magpye Alley, which hath a narrow Passage into French Ordinary Court, and so into Cructched Fryers. Sugar Loaf Alley hath a Passage with a Free Stone Pavement into Leadenhall Street. Northumberland Alley, very long, which with several turning Passages falls into Crutched Fryers; and for the generality is but an ordinary Place, as well for Buildings as Inhabitants, yet not without some few that are good. Nearer Aldgate is the Sarazens Head Inn, which is very large, and of a considerable Trade.

Fenchurch Street.

St. Katharine Coleman Church.

Magpye Alley.

French Ordinary Court.

Sugar Loaf Alley.

Northumberland Alley.

Sarazens Head Inn.

Crouched, or Crossed Fryers, begins in the West at Hart Street, and runs Eastward, taking in part of the Navy Office, as is laid down in the Map of Tower Street Ward, and then turning Northwards, falls into Aldgate. But that Part that runs Northwards is called Poor Jury Lane, from the Jews that formerly there inhabited. This Lane is but ordinary as to its Houses and Inhabitants.

Crouched Fryers.

Poor Jury Lane.

This Crouched Fryers Street hath several good Buildings and Places of Name, viz. on the North Side, French Ordinary Court already mentioned, being a large open Place with very good Buildings, especially on the East Side; having Pallisado Pales, with Trees before the Court Yards of the Houses, and a Free Stone Pavement betwixt the Houses. Out of this Court is a Passage down Steps into Fenchurch Street.

French Ordinary Court.

The Navy Office on the South Side of the Street hath some Part in this Ward, to wit, almost the first Court, with the Side Buildings, and some small Part of the Office itself; the other Part, viz. the back Part, being in Tower Street Ward. And for as much as the chief Entrance out of Crouched Fryers is on this Ward, I shall here give the Description thereof. This Place since its new Buildings is made very commodious for Business, the Office where the Commissioners meet, and the several Clerks keep their Books, being placed in the midst of a large Court apart from the rest of the Buildings round about it; which are set apart for the Residence of the Commissioners and principal Officers; the Office

The Navy Office.