Limestreet Ward. Present State. 89

Limestreet Ward. Present State.

who hath Business here, to attend on the Company on their Court Days. There belongs to it also a Garden, with Warehouses in the back part toward Limestreet; into which there is a back Gate for the Entrance of Carts to bring their Goods into their Warehouses. This House doth, or did belong to the Earl of Craven, and let by him to this Company at a yearly Rent.

Leadenhall is a very large Building of Free Stone, containing within it three large Courts, or Yards, all encompassed with Buildings; wherein is kept a Market, one of the greatest, the best, and the most general for all Provisions in the City of London, nay of the Kingdom; and if I should say of all Europe, I should not give too great a Praise. The Building hath flat Battlements leaded at the Top: And for the Conveniency of People's coming to this great Market, (which is kept every Day of the Week except Sundays) for one thing or the other) besides the principal Entrance out of Leadenhall Street, there are two or three others, one out of Limestreet, and the rest out of Gracechurch Street.

The present State of Leadenhall Market.

Of the three Courts or Yards that it consists of, the first is that at the North East Corner of Gracechurch Street, and opens into Leadenhall Street: This Court or Yard contains in Length from North to South 164 Foot, and in Breadth from East to West about 80 Foot; within this Court or Yard round about the same, are about 100 Standing Stalls for Butchers for the selling only of Beef, and therefore this Court is called the Beef Market, many of which Stalls are 8, 10, or 12 Foot long, and 4, 5, or 6 Foot broad, with Racks, Hooks, Blocks, and all other Conveniences for the Sale of their Meat. All which Stalls are either under Warehouses above Head, or sheltred from the Weather by Roofs over them. This Yard is on Tuesdays a Market for Leather, to which the Tanners do resort. On Thursdays the Waggons from Colchester and other Parts come with Bayes, &c. and also the Felmongers with their Wool; and on Fridays it is a Market for Raw Hides, besides Saturdays for Beef, as also other Provisions.

The Yards belonging to it.

The second Market Yard is called the Green Yard, as being once a green Plot of Ground. Afterwards it was the City's Store Yard for Materials for Building and the like, but now a Market only for Veal, Mutton, Lamb, &c. This yard is 170 Foot in Length from East to West, and 90 Foot Broad from North to South. It hath in it 140 Stalls for the Butchers all covered over, and of the Bigness of those in the Beef Market. In the middle of this Green Yard Market North to South is a Row of Shops, with Kitchins, or Rooms over them for Fishmongers; and also on the South Side and West End are Houses and Shops also for Fishmongers. Towards the East End of this Yard is erected a fair Market House standing upon Columns, with Vaults underneath, and Rooms above, with a Bell Tower, and a Clock, and under it are Butchers Stalls. The Tenements round about this Yard are for the most part inhabited by Cooks, Victuallers, and such like; and in the Passages leading out of the Streets into this Market are Fishmongers, Poulterers, Cheesmongers, and such like Traders for Provision.

The Green Yard for small Meat.

Fishmongers in this Green Yard.

The third Market belonging to Leadenhall is called the Herb Market, for that Herbs, Roots, Fruit, &c. are only there sold. This Market is about 140 Foot Square, the West, East, and North Sides have Walks round them covered over for Shelter, and standing upon Columns; in which Walks there are 28 Stalls for Gardiners with Cellars under them. There is also in this Yard one Range of Stalls covered over for such as sell Tripe, Neats Feet, Sheep's Trotters, &c. And on the South Side, the Tenements are taken up by Victuallers, Poulterers, Cheesemongers, Butchers, and such like. And for the regular ordering of this Market, and those Numbers of People that resort thither with their Goods, see in the Chapter of Civil Government.

The Herb Market.

Sellers of Tripe, Neats Feet, &c.

The Rooms in the Stone Building about the Beef Market (which is properly Leadenhall) is employed for several Uses, as the West Side is wholly used for the Stowage of Wares belonging to the old East India Company; on the East Side is the Meal Warehouse, and the Wool Hall; on the South End is the Colchester Bay Hall; and at the North End is the Warehouse for the Sealing of Leather.

The Rooms how employed.

The general Conflagration of this City in 1666 terminated in that Part of the City near adjoining to this Hall: all the Houses about it, and within the Yards belonging unto it, being destroyed, there did (of this Fabrick) only remain the Stone Work. Since which, the Courts and Yards belonging to this Building, and some other adjacent Grounds purchased by the City, are wholly converted into a Market for the City's Use; the Place for the Reception of Country Butchers, and others who brought Provisions before to the City, being then only in Leadenhall Street, between Gracechurch Street and Limestreet, which was very incommodious both to the Market People as well to the Passengers.

Limestreet, a Place well inhabited by Merchants and others of Repute. At the End towards Fenchurch Street is Pewterers Hall, a pretty handsome Building, with a Court of a Free Stone Pavement. Near unto this Hall is the Passage into Leadenhall Market; a little more South is a good House, the Seat of Sir Robert Jeffreys Knt. and Alderman; over against which is Cullum Street, made a Street since the Fire, which with a turning Passage falls into Fenchurch Street. Which Street being the greatest part in Langborn Ward is there treated of. About the Middle of the Street is a Place called Queens Square, or Queens Square Passage, as leading into Leadenhall Market, a well built Place, with a Free Stone Pavement; on the Ground, on which this Place is built, was a large House, the Habitation of a Merchant, and anciently supposed to belong to the Kings and Queens.


Pewterers Hall.

Queens Square.

St. Mary Axe goes out of Leadenhall Street, and runs Northwards to Camomile Street by London Wall. It is a Street graced with good Buildings, and much inhabited by eminent Merchants. Out of this Street, and almost over against St. Andrew's Undershaft Church, is a Passage into Great St. Helens; amd towards the North End is Sopers Yard, a very mean Place, opposite to which is Fletchers Hall.

St. Mary Axe.

Sopers Yard.

Fletchers Hall.

Camomile Street hath but a small Part in this Ward, not above 200 Foot from St. Mary Axe; and the rest is in Aldgate Ward.]

To this Ward belongeth an Alderman and his Deputy, 4 Common Council Men, 4 Constables, 2 Scavengers, 16 for the Wardmote Inquest, and a Beadle. It is taxed to the Fifteen at 1l. 19s. 2d. ob. q. But in the first edition it was said to be taxed to the Fifteen at 40s. or thereabout.

There are to watch at the several Stands in this Ward, every Night, a Constable, the Beadle, and 11 Watchmen.

R. B.

The Jury Men returned by the Wardmote Inquest for this Ward are to serve as Jurors in the several Courts in Guild Hall in the Month of November.]

The Alderman of this Ward is Sir Robert Beachcroft Knt.