Broadstreet Ward. St. Anthonies. 120

Broadstreet Ward. St. Anthonies.

In Memory of NATH. CASTLETON, Esq; who dyed the 10th of June, aged 78. Ann. Dom. 1714.
The good Protestant and sincere Friend.

Upon a Table in the Organ Loft fronting the Altar.

Born in this Parish, gave one hundred Pounds to be divided amongst the Poor of the said Parish. She gave one hundred Pounds to purchase Land, or to be placed at Interest, and the Produce to be applied for the putting out poor Boys, born in this Parish, to Trades. She also gave four hundred Pounds for purchasing an ORGAN, and an House to maintain the playing the said ORGAN, An. 1714.

Sam Kemster,
Dan. Gunsdon,

In this Parish of Benet Fink, certain Gaming Houses for Cards and Dice were noted; at which several Gamesters used to resort. And about the Year 1551. one of these Houses and the Gamesters there, were informed against to the Officers of the Exchequer, by one John Forster of London; namely, That Andrew Cutler, Richard Westerfield, Roger Ireland, John Bound, and William Wright of London, by the space of 40 Days in the said Parish, did maintain a certain House of playing at Dice and Cards contrary to the Law provided therefore. There came accordingly a Warrant to the Exchequer, that they had forfeited every one 40s. and so the Exchequer was warranted to surcease for ever all Processes, Executions, Quarrels and Demands, and they be discharged of the Premisses.]

Gaming Houses in this Parish.

J. S.

Some distance West is the Royal Exchange, whereof more shall be spoken in the Ward of Cornehill: And so downe to the little Conduit, called the Pissing Conduit, by the Stocks Market, and this is the South side of Three Needle Street,

The Exchange.

On the North side of this Street, from over against the East Corner of St. Martins Oteswich Church, have yee divers fair and large Houses, til you come to the Hospitall of St. Anthony, sometime a Cell to of St. Anthonies of Vienna. For I read, that King Henry the third, granted to the Brotherhood of Saint Anthony of Vienna a Place amongst the Jews, which was sometime their Synagogue, and had been builded by them, about the yeere 1231. But the Christians obtained of the King, that it should be dedicated to our blessed Lady: and since, an Hospital being there builded, was called St. Anthonies in London. It was founded in the Parish of St. Bennet Finke, for a Master, two Priests, one Schoole-master, and twelve poore Men: After which Foundation, amongst other things given to this Hospitall, one was a Messuage and Garden, [whereon was builded the faire large Free-School] and one other parcel of Ground containing 37. Foot in Length, and 18. Foot in Bredth, in the Parish of Benet Fink. This was given to the Master of the Hospital, to the enlarging of their Church, and House to the same belonging, for a Master, 14 Priests, &c. in the seventh of Henry the sixth.

Hospital of Saint Anthony: sometime a Synagogue of the Jews.

Patent Record.

Free School of St. Anthonies builded.

Almeshouses of St. Anthonie builded.

Moreover King Henry the sixth, in the 20. of his Reigne, gave unto John Carpenter, Doctor of Divinity, Master of St. Anthonies Hospitall, and to his Brethren and their Successors for ever, his Mannor of Ponington, with the Appurtenances, with certaine Pensions and Portions of Milburn, Turneworth, Charlton, and Up-wimburne, in the County of Southampton, towards the Maintenance of five Scholars in the University of Oxford, to be brought up in the Faculty of Arts, after the rate of tenne Pence the Week for every Scholar: so that the said Scholars, before their going to Oxford, be first instructed in the Rudiments of Grammar at the College of Eaton, founded by the said King.

Gift of Henry the sixth to St. Anthonies.

In the yeere 1474. Edward the fourth granted to William Say, Batcheler of Divinity, Master of the Hospital of St. Anthonies, to have Priests, Clerkes, Scholars, poore Men, and Brethren of the same, Clerkes, or Lay-men, Queristers, Proctors, Messengers, Servants in Houshold, and other things whatsoever, like as the Prior, and Covent of St. Anthonies of Vienna, &c. This Hospital was annexed, united, and appropriated unto the Collegiate Church of St. George in Windsor, about the Year 1485. as was reported by Sir Anthony Baker, Master of the said Hospital to Sir John Woolfborne Knt. and other Commissioners in the 37. of Henry VIII.

The Proctors of this House were to collect the Benevolence of charitable Persons, towards the building and supporting thereof. And amongst other things observed in my Youth, I remember, that the Officers (charged with oversight of the Markets in this City) did divers time take from the Market-people, Pigs starved, or otherwise unwholsome for Man's Sustenance: these they did slit in the Ear. One of the Protors for St. Anthonies tyed a Bell about the Necke, and let it feed on the Dunghils, no Man would hurt, or take it up: but if any gave to them Bread, or other Feeding, such would they know, watch for, and daily follow, whining till they had somewhat given them: whereupon was raised a Proverbe, Such an one will follow such an one, and whine as it were an Anthonie Pig: but if such a Pig grew to be fat, and came to good liking, (as oft times they did) then the Proctor would take him up to the Use of the Hospital.

St. Anthonie Pigs fed on the Dunghills.

Since the said annexing this Hospital to Windsor College, to wit, in the Year 1499, the 14. of Henry VII. Sir John Tate, sometime Alebrewer, then a Mercer, caused his Brewhouse, called the Swan, neere adjoining to the said Free Chappell, College, or Hospital of St. Anthony, to be taken down for the enlarging of the Church, which was then newly builded; toward the building whereof, the said Tate gave great Summes of Money.

Sir John Tate a great Benefactor to St. Anthonies.

This goodly Foundation having a Free-School and Almeshouses for poor Men, builded of hard Stone, adjoining to the West End of the Church, was of old Time confirmed by Henry VI. in the Year 1447. The outward Work of this new Church was finished in the Year 1501.]

A new Church built here.

J. S.

Sir John Tate deceased 1514. and was there buried in a Monument by him prepared, as appeareth by an Indenture Tripartite, made between the said John Tate, the Dean of Windsor, and William Milbourne Chamberlain.

Walter Champion, Draper, one of the Sheriffs of London, 1529. was buried there, and gave to the Beadmen twenty Pounds. The Lands by yeere of this Hospitall, were valued in the 37. yeere of Henry the 8. to be 55. Pounds, 6. Shillings, 8. Pence.

Here was also an antient Marble Tomb of John Taylor, sometime Master of the Rolls, remaining long after the French enjoyed the Church, viz.

Religionis interest Monumenta extrui & ornari.
JOHANNES TAYLOR Trigeminor. natu primus, Illustrissimo Rege Henerico VIIIo imperante Archichartophylax in hac sacra æde teneris ab unguiculis enutritus, ad Laudem Dei Omnipotentis, & istius celebris & Beatissimo Patris

Dr. John Taylers Monument.

J. S.