Cornhill Ward. 133

Cornhill Ward.

with good Houses, leaving also the same Name. This Church is in the Diocess of London, the Bishopof London the Patron.

Next is Castle Alley on the other side: which falls into Cornhill. And to that Ward some part of it belongs.

Castle Alley.

Then is there a Passage into Cornhill on the West side of the Exchange. Then further on the East side are Sweetings Rents and Alley, both narrow Places; with Free Stone Pavements, which also gives Passages into Cornhill: being Places taken up by Coffee- houses, Eating-houses and Shops.

A little further Eastward is the Parish Church of St. Benet Fink, a very handsome Free Stone Building, built Cupulo Fashion. It is in the Diocess of London, the Master of S. Anthony was Patron. It was consumed in the Fire of London 1666. and rebuilt as now it is.

St. Benet Fink Church.

Then still further East on the same side is Finch, or Finck Lane, and falls into Cornhill. This Lane is of no great Trade, the part next to Cornhill is out of this Ward. On the West side is Spread Eagle Court, but ordinary, which with a turning Passage falls into Thredneedle Street against Little Broadstreet.

Finch Lane.

Spread Eagle Court.

On the other side of Finch Lane is the French Church new built, having been of the Churches that felt the dreadful Effects of the Fire in 1666. Hatton Court, a handsome square Place, well built and inhabited. Crown Court, small, and but indifferent. Merchant Taylors Hall is on the South side of the Street, a large Building, with a spacious Hall, a good Court Room, and other Apartments, with a Court Yard before it, and a handsome Garden behind the Hall.

French Church.

Hatton Court.

Crown Court.

Merchant Taylors Hall.

At the very Corner of Thredneedle Street Eastward, where it fronts Bishopsgate Street, is seated the Parish Church of St. Martins Outwich. It is in the Diocess of London, the Merchant Taylors Company the Patrons.

St Martins Outwich Church.

There are to watch at the several Stands in this Ward, every Night a Constable, the Beadle, and 30 Watchmen.

The Jurymen returned by the Wardnote Inquest for this Ward, are to serve in the several Courts on Guild-hall in the Month of August.]

This Broadstreet Ward hath an Alderman with his Deputy, Common Counsellors, 10. Constables 10. Scavengers 8. Wardmote Inquest 13. and a Beadle. It is taxed to the Fifteen in London at 27l. and accounted in the Exchequer after 25l.

The Alderman of this Ward is Sir Gerard Conyers, Knt.



133

CHAP. VIII.


CORNHIL WARD.

 
The Market. The Tun upon Cornhil. The Conduit. The Royal Exchange. St. Peters Cornhil. The Antiquity of that Church. St. Michael Cornhil. The Fripperers of Cornhil. The present Estate of this Ward.

THE next Ward towards the South, is Cornehill Ward: so called of a Corn-market, time out of mind there holden, and is a part of the principal high Street, beginning at the West end of Leadenhall, stretching downe West on both the sides, by the South end of Finkes Lane on the right Hand, and by the North end of Birchovers Lane, on the left part; of which Lanes, to wit, to the middle of them, is of this Ward, and so downe to the Stockes Market; and this is the Bounds of this Ward. The upper or East part of this Ward, and also a part of Limestreet Ward, hath beene (as I said) a Market-place, especially for Corne, and since for all kinde of Victuals, as is partly shewed in Limestreet Ward.

Cornehill Ward.

A Market place upon Cornhill.

Yet it appeareth of Record, that in the Yeere 1522. the Rippiers of Rie and other Places sold their fresh Fish in Leadenhall Market, upon Cornehill; but forraigne Butchers were not admitted there to sell Flesh, till the Yeere 1533.

Fish Market.

Flesh Market at Leadenhall.

And shortly after it was enacted, that the said Butchers and others should sell their Beef and Mutton by Weight: to wit, Beef not above a halfe penny the pound; and Mutton, halfe farthing. Which Act being devised for the great commodity of the Realme, (as it was then thought) hath since proved farre otherwise: For before that time, a fat Oxe was sold at London for 26s. 8d. at the most: a fat Weather for 3s. 4d. a fat Calfe the like Price; a fat Lambe for 12d. Pieces of Beef weighed two pounds and a halfe at the least; yea, three pound or better, for a penny, on every Butchers Stall in this Citie; and of those pieces of beef thirteen or fourteen for twelve pence: fat Mutton for eight pence the Quarter, and one hundred weight of Beef for 4s. 8d. at the dearest.

Alteration of Prizes in short time.

The Prizes of Flesh.

What the Price is now, I neede not to set downe, many Men thought the same to rise in Price, by meane, that Grasiers knew, or supposed, what weight every their Beasts contained, and so raising their price thereafter. The Butcher could be no gainer, but by likewise raising his Price. But the true Causes of enhancing the Prices both of those and other Victuals, are not to be disputed here.]

A. M.

The number of Butchers then in the Citie and Suburbs was accounted sixe score, of which every one killed 6 Oxen a peece weekely: which is in 46 Weekes 3120 Oxen, or 720 Oxen weekely.]

The forraigne Butchers (for a long time) stood in the high Street if Limestreet Ward, twice every Weeke, viz. Wednesday and Staurday, and were some gaine to the Tenants, before whose Doors they stood, and into whose Houses they for their Blockes and Stalles, on the North side of that Street. But that advantage being espied, they were taken into Leadenhall, there to pay for their standing to the Chamber of London.

Thus much for the Market upon Cornehill.

The chiefe Ornaments in Cornehill Ward are these: First, at the East end thereof, in the middle of the high Street, and at the parting of foure wayes, have ye a Water-standard, placed

Standard of Thames-water by Leadenhall.

there