|Cornhil Ward. Tun upon Cornhil. ||134
there in the Yeere 1582. in manner following: A certain German, or Dutch Man
named Peter Morris, having made an artificiall Forcier for that purpose,
Thames Water in Pipes of Lead, over the Steeple of St. Magnus Church, at the
end of London Bridge, and from thence into divers Mens Houses in Thames-street,
new Fish-street, and Grass-street. up to the North West Corner of Leadenhall,
highest Ground of all the Citie. Where the waste of the maine Pipe rising into
Standard, (provided at the Charges of the Citie) with foure Spouts, runneth
at every Tide, according to Covenenant, plentifully serving to the commodity of
Inhabitants neere adjoyning in their Houses, and also cleansing the Chanels of
Street toward Bishopsgate, Aldgate, the Bridge, and the Stocks Market. But now
such Matter: by whose default I know not.
The highest Ground of the Citie of London.
Then have ye the Conduit, of sweet Water, castellated in the midst of that Ward
Street. This Conduit was first builded of Stone in the yeere1282. by Henry
Maior of London, to be a Prison for Night-walkers, and other suspicious Persons,
was called the Tunne upon Cornehill, because the same was builded somewhat in
fashion of a Tunne, standing on the one end.
A Conduit here.
The Tun upon Cornehill, a prison-house for night-walkers.
Also without the West side of this Tun was a fair Well of Springing Water,
round with hard Stone.
To this Prison of the Tun the Night Watches of this Citie committed not onely
walkers, but also other Persons, as well Spiritual as Temporal, whom they
Incontinencie, and punished them according to the Customes of this Citie: but
thereof being made, about the yeere of Christ, 1297. King Edward the first
his Citizens thus:
Temporal Men punish Spiritual Persons for Incontinency.
The Bishop complaineth.
The King forbids the Laity for punishing the Clergymen.
Edward by the Grace of God, &c. Whereas Richard Gravesend, Bishop of
hath shewed unto us, that by the great Charter of England, the Church hath a
Priviledge, that no Clerke should be imprisoned by a Lay-man, without our
Commandment, and Breach of Peace; which notwithstanding, some Citizens of
London, upon meere spight, doe enter in their Watches into Clerks Chambers, and
(like Felons) carry them to the Tunne, which Henry le Wallis, sometime Maior,
for Night-walkers. Wherefore wee will that this our Commaundement be proclaimed
a full Hoystings; and that no Watch hereafter enter into any Clerks Chamber,
forfeit of 30 pound. Dated at Carlile the 18. of March, the 25. of our Reigne.
More I read that about the yeere of Christ, 1299. the 27. of Edward the first,
principal Citizens of London, to wit, T. Romane, Richard Gloucester, Nicholas
Faringdon, Adam Helingbury, T. Saly, John Dunstable, Richard Ashwy, John Wade,
and William Strotford brake up this Prison, called the Tunne, and tooke out
Prisoners. For the which they were sharply punished, by long Imprisonment, and
great Fines, as in another Place I have shewed. It cost the Citizens (as some
written) more than 20000 Markes, which they were amerced in, before William de
March, Treasurer of the Kings Exchequer, to purchase the Kings Favour, and the
Confirmation of their Liberties.
Citizens of London break up the Tun upon Cornhill.
Also, that in the yeere 1383, the seventh of Richard the second, the Citizens of
taking upon them the Rights that belonged to their Bishops, first imprisoned
Women as were taken in Fornication or Adultery, in the said Tunne; and after,
them forth to the Sight of the World, they caused their Heads to
be shaven, after the manner of Theeves, whom they named Appellatora, and so to
led about the City, in Sight of all the Inhabitants, with Trumpets and Pipes
before them, that their Persons might be the more largely knowne: Neither did
spare such kind of Men a whit the more, but used them as hardly, saying; They
abhorred not only the Negligence of their Prelates, but also detested their
studied for Money, omitted the Punishment limited by Law, and permitted those
were found guilty to live favourably by their Fines. Wherefore they would
they said, purge their Citie from such Filthiness, lest through Gods Vengeance,
the Pestilence or Sword should happen to them, or that the Earth should swallow
Last of all to be noted, I reade in the Charge of the Wardmote Inquest in every
this Citie, these Words: If there bee any Priest in Service within the Ward,
before-time hath beene set in the Tunne in Cornehill for his Dishonesty, and
forsworne the Citie, all such shall bee presented.
Citizens of London punished Fornication and Adultery in Priests as well as others, without partiality.
Priests punished in the Tun upon Cornhill forced to forsweare this City.
Thus much for the Tunne in Cornhill have I read.
Now, for the Punishment of Priests, in my Youth, one Note and no more. John
Atwod, Draper, dwelling in the Parish of St. Michael upon Cornehill, directly
the Church, having a proper Woman to his Wife, such an one as seemed the holiest
amongst a thousand, had also a lusty Chauntry Priest of the said Parish Church,
repairing to his House, with the which Priest, the said Atwod would sometime
supper play a Game at Tables for a pint of Ale. It chanced on a time, having
worke, and his Game proving long, he left his Wife to play it out, and went
his Shop: but returning to fetch a pressing-iron, he found such play (to his
that hee forced the Priest to leap out at a Window, over the Penthouse into the
and so run to his Lodging in the Churchyard. Atwod and his Wife were soon
reconciled, so that he would not suffer her to be called in question; but the
apprehended and committed, I saw his Punishment be thus: He was on three Market
Days conveyed thorow the high Street and Markets of the Citie, with a Paper on
Head, wherein was written his Trespasse. The first Day hee rode in a Carry; the
second, on a Horse, his Face to the Horse Taile; the third, led betwixt twaine,
every day rung with Basons, and Proclamations made of his Fact at every turning
Streets, and also before John Atwod's Stall, and the Church Doore of his
where he lost his Chauntry of twenty Nobles the Yeere, and was banished the
A Priest punished for Lechery.
In the yeere 1401. the said Prison-house, called the Tunne, was made a Cesterne
sweet Water, conveyed by Pipes of Lead from Tyborne, and was from thenceforth
called the Conduit upon Cornehill. Then was the Wall plancked over, and a
Prison made of Timber, called a Cage, with a Pair Stocks set upon it; and this
Night-walkers. On the top of which Cage was placed a Pillory, for the
Bakers, offending in the Assise of Bread; for Millers stealing of Corne at the
for Bawds and Scolds, and other Offenders.
The Conduit upon Cornhill.
Cage, Stocks and pillory in Cornhill.
Bakers, Millers, Bauds, Scolds, and common Jurors for Rewards, punished on the pillory.
As in the yeere 1468. the 7. of Ed. 4. divers Persons, being common Jurors, such
Assises were forsworne for Rewards, or Favour of Parties, were judged to ride
Newgate to the Pillorie in Cornhill, with Miters of Paper on their Heads: there
and from thence againe to Newgate. And this Judgment was given by the Maior of
False Swearers pillorized here.