Billingsgate Ward. Modern State thereof. 173

Billingsgate Ward. Modern State thereof.

Church in the Diocess of London; the Maior and Aldermen of London are Patrons; which said Church being consumed by the Fire of London 1666, is now rebuilt; to this Parish is St. Gabriel Fenchurch Parish united.

This St. Mary Hill is well furnished with good Houses, inhabited by divers Merchants. On the East side is Cross Lane, which falls into Idle Lane against St. Dunstan's Church. Austins Court but mean, lying Northwards of Cross Lane. Massies Court a little more Northwards, hath a dark Passage up Steps, and then is an open Court, but mean.

Cross Lane.

St. Austin's Court.

Massies Court.

St. Mary Hill Church so called, as seated on the Ascent from Billingsgate; and back part also stands in Love Lane, and adjoining to the Church is an Alley called Church Alley, which leadeth into Love Lane, and hath Buildings only on the South side, which are pretty good; the other side lying open to the Churchyard. This Church is built of Free Stone with a towred Steeple, and a handsome Dial hanging into the Street. It is in the Diocess of London, one Mr. Page of Dartford in Kent was Patron: It is now in Contest.

St. Mary Hill Church.

Church Alley.

This Church was destroyed by the Conflagration of London 1666. And since its rebuilding as aforesaid, the Parish of St. Andrew Hubbard (whose Church is not rebuilt) is united to it.

Love Lane comes out of Little Eastcheap, and falls into Thamesstreet, where it hath but a narrow Entrance only for a Coach or Cart: In this Lane on the North West Corner entering into Little Eastcheap, is the Weighouse built on the Ground, where the Church of St. Andrew Hubbard stood before the Fire of London 1666. Which said Weighouse was before in Cornhil. In this House are weighed Merchandizes brought from beyond the Seas by the Kings Beam, to which doth belong a Master, and under him four Master Porters, with labouring Porters under them. They have Carts and Horses to fetch the Goods from the Merchants Warehouses to the Beam, and to carry them back. The House belongeth to the Company of Grocers, in whose Gifts the several Porters, &c. Places are. But of late years little is done in this Office, as wanting a compulsive Power to constrain the Merchants to have their Goods weighed; they alledging it to be an unneccesary trouble and Charge. Over this Office or Weigh-house is a large Room, now made use of for a Presbyterian Meeting-house. On the back side of this Building is a Passage into St.Botolphs Lane; but the chief Entrance into this Weigh-house is in Little Eastcheap.

Love Lane.

The Weighhouse.

St.Botolphs Lane. The Parish Chruch here is a good handsome Free Stone Building: adjoining to which is George Lane on the North side, which gives an Entrance into the Church, and this Lane hath a narrow Passage into Pudding Lane. Over against this Church is St. Botolphs Alley, indifferently well inhabited; with a pretty broad Free Stone Passage into Love Lane. More Southward is St. Botolphs Churchyard, at the upper end of which is 2 or 3 ordinary Houses. This Lane, except the part towards towards Thamesstreet, pretty broad, and well inhabited by Merchants. This Church of St. George Botolphs in the Dio- cess of London, the Abbot of Bermundsey was anciently Patron.

St. Botolph's Lane.

George Lane.

St. Botolph Billingsgate Church.

St. Botolph's Alley.

Pudding Lane. In this Lane it was that the dreadful Fire of London on the second of Sept. 1666 first began, which consumed about 13000 dwelling Houses.

Pudding Lane.

On the House where this dismal Fire began is this Inscription, set up by Authority.

Inscription on the House where the Fire began.

Here, by the Permission of Heaven, Hell brake loose upon this Protestant City, from the malicious Hearts of barbarous Papists, by the hand of their Agent HUBERT. Who confessed, and on the Ruines of this Place declared his Fact; for which he was hanged: viz. That here began the dreadful Fire, which is decribed and perpetuated on and by the Neighbouring Pillar erected Anno 168 in the Maioralty of Sir Patience Ward, Knt. It was then a Bakers, now a Coopers House.]

J. S.

And in Commemoration thereof, there is erected hard by a stately Monument of Free Stone, of a vast height, which taketh up a good part of the East side of Fishstreet Hill; to the end it may be obvious to all that pass that way, being a very great Through-fare to and from Southwark. Of this Monument more in Bridge Ward within. On the East side of this Lane is Fish Yard, a very small Court, with a Free Stone Pavement. On the West side is a Passage into Fishstreet Hill by the Monument; and more Northwards on the East side is Butchers Hall, a pretty handsome small Building, with a Free Stone paved Court before it, and hath a back Passage into Pudding Lane.

The Monument in Memory of it.

Fish Yard.

Butchers Hall.

Little Eastcheap severed from Great Eastcheap by Grasschurch Street and Fishstreet Hill: It is of chief account for Butchers there inhabiting; on the North side and at the Corner of Rood Lane stood St. Margaret Pattens Church as aforesaid; and betwixt Rood Lane and Philpot Lane is Turners Alley, both small and narrow. At the upper end of which is a Garden belonging to a Merchants House.

Little Eastcheap.

Turners Alley.

Rood Lane. This Lane is well built, and inhabited, with several Merchants Houses.

Rood Lane.

Philpot Lane hath the greatest part in Langborne Ward, where it is spoke of.

Philpot Lane.

Talbot Court, seated in Little Eastcheap, a large and well inhabited Place. Out of which a narrow Passage leadeth into another handsome Court which hath an Entrance into Grasschurch Street.

Talbot Court.

There are to watch at the several Stands in this Ward every Night, besides a Constable and the Beadle, 30 Watchmen.

The Jurymen returned by the Wardmote Inquest for this Ward, are to serve as Jurors in the Courts of Guildhall in the Month of May.]

This Ward hath an Alderman and his Deputy, Common Counsellors 7, Constables 11, Scavengers 6, for the Wardmote Inquest 14 and a Beadle. It is taxed to the Fifteen in London at 32l. and in the Exchequer at 31l. 10s.

The Alderman of this Ward is Sir William Ashhurst, Knt.