|Downegate Ward. The Erber. ||201
Tallow Chaundlers Hall.
Innholders Hall. The Erber.
The Stilyard; and the Merchants of the
Alhallows the Great.
Alhallows the Less.
Merchant Taylors School in Suffolk Lane.
The present State of this
DOWNEGATE Ward beginning at the South end of
Walbrook Ward, over-against the East Corner of S. John's Church upon Walbrook,
and descendeth on both the Sides to Downegate, on the Thames, and is so called,
that Down-going or descending thereunto: and of this Downgate the Ward taketh
This Ward turneth into Thamesstreet Westward, some ten Houses on a side, to the
course of Walbrook, but East in Thamesstreet (on both sides) to Ebgate Lane, or
Swan; and over against Ebgate the Lane-side hath many Lanes turning up, as shall
The Bounds of it.
But first to begin with the High Street called Dowgate: At the upper end thereof
is a fair
Conduit of Thames Water, castellated, and made in the year 1568. at the Charge
Citizens, and is called the Conduit upon Downegate. The Descent of this Street
the said Conduit to the Water Gate, called Downegate, is such, that in the year
the fourth of September in the Afternoon, there fell a Storm of Rain, where
Chanels suddenly arose, and ran with such a swift Course towards the common
Shores, that a Lad of 18 years old, minding to have leapt over the Chanel, near
said Conduit, was taken with the Stream, and carried from thence towards the
with such a Violence, that no Man, with Staves, or otherwise, could stay him,
came against a Cart Wheel that stood in the said Water-gate, before which time
drowned, and stark dead.
Conduit upon Downegate.
A Lad of 18 years old drowned in the Channel.
On the West side of this Street is the Tallow-Chandlers Hall, a proper House.
Company was incorporated in the second year of Edward the fourth.
Somewhat lower standeth the Skinners Hall, a fair House also, which was somtime
called Copped Hall by Downegate, in the Parish of Saint John upon Walbrook. In
19th year of Edward the second Ralph Cobham possessed it,
with five Shops,
Copped Hall, now Skinners Hall.
This Company of Skinners in London was incorporate by Edward the third, in the
of his Reign: they had two Brotherhoods of Corpus Christi, viz. one at St. Mary
Spittle, the other at St. Mary Bethlem, without Bishopsgate. Richard the
second, in the
18th of his Reign, granted them to make their two
Brotherhoods one, by the
Name of the Fraternity of Corpus Christi of Skinners. Divers royal Persons were
named to be Founders, and Brethren of this Fraternity, to wit; Kings six, Dukes
Earls two, one Lord. Kings, Edward the third, Richard the second, Henry the
Henry the fifith, Henry the sixth, and Edward the fourth.
The Company of Skinners.
Six Kings Brethren with the Skinners Company in London.
This Fraternity had also once every year, on Corpus Christi Day, after Noon, a
Procession, which passed through the principal Streets of the City. Wherein was
more than one hundred Torches of Wax (costly garnished) burning light, and above
two hundred Clerks and Priests in Surplesses and Copes, singing. After the
were the Sheriffs Servants, the Clerks of the Compters, Chaplains for the
Maiors Serjeants, the Councel of the City, the Maior and Aldermen in Scarlet,
the Skinners in their best Liveries. Thus much to stop the Tongues of
such as use to ask, Why have ye noted this, or that, and give no Thanks for what
Their pompous Procession.
Then lower down was there a College of Priests called Jesus Commons, a House
furnished with Brass, Pewter, Napery, Plate &c. besides a fair Library well
Books. All which of old time were given to a Number of Priests that should keep
Commons there; and as one left this Place (by Death or otherwise) another should
admitted into his room. But this Order within this Thirty Years * being
the said House was dissolved and turned to Tenements.
*Reckoning from the first Edition, which was in the Year 1598.
Down lower have ye Elbow Lane, and at the Corner thereof was one great Stone
House, called Old Hall: It is now taken down, and divers fair Houses of Timber
there. This was sometime pertaining to William de pont le Arch; and by him
the Priory of S. Mary Overy in Southwark, in the Reign of Henry the First. In
Elbow Lane is the Innholders Hall, and other fair Houses: This Lane runneth
suddenly turneth South into Thames Street; and therefore (of that bending) is
Elbow Lane. On the East side of this Downegate Street is the great old House
spoken of, called the Erbar, near to the Church of S. Mary Bothaw, Geffrey
held it by the Gift of Edward the Third, in the fourteenth of his Reign. It
since to John Nevell, Lord of Raby, then to Richard Nevell, Earl of Warwick;
Earl of Salisbury, was lodged there, 1457, Then it came to George Duke of
and his Heires Males, by the Gift of Edward the Fourth, in the fourteenth Year
William de pont le Arch his House.
S. Mary Bothaw.
But to give a fuller (and that an authentic) Account) of this ancient Royal
The highest that Stow could go was, that Edw. III. gave it to one of the
Family of the Scroopes. The last Possessor of that Name was William le Scroop,
who lived in the Reign of Henry IV. He gave it for Term of Life to his Brother
Earl of Westmoreland, who married Joan Daughter of the Duke of Lancaster,
The several Possessors of the Erber.
© hriOnline, 2007
The Stuart London Project, Humanities Research Institute, The University of Sheffield,
34 Gell Street, Sheffield, S3 7QY