|Downgate Ward. Stylyard. ||204
Quarter of Wheat exceeded not the price of 6s. 8d. Rye 4s. the Quarter, and
the Quarter, upon forfeiture the one half to the King, the other half to the
These Merchants of the Haunce had their Guildhall in Thames Street, in place
by the said Cosin lane. Their Hall is large, builded of Stone, with three
towards the Street, the the middlemost whereof is far bigger than the other, and
seldom opened, and the other two be mured up: The same is now called the Old
Of later time, to wit, in the sixth of Richard the Second, they hired one House
adjoining to their old Hall, which sometime belonged to Richard Lions, a famous
Lapidary, one of the Sheriffs of Lond. in the 49. of Edward III. and in the
Richard II. by the Rebels of Kent drawn out of that House, and beheaded in West
Cheap. This also was a great House, with a large Wharf on the Thames: And the
thereunto was called Windgoose, or Wildgoose Lane, which is now called Windgoose
Alley, for that the same Alley is (for the most part) builded on by the Stilyard
Richard Lions House.
About the time of King Henry IV. the English began to trade themselves into the
Parts. At which the Easterlings, or Merchants of the Dutch Hauns, were so
that they took several of their Ships and Goods, and offered them several other
Which occasioned great Complaints and Differences between the said King Henry
and Conradus de Junigen, then Master General of the Dutch Order in Prussia with
Hans Towns. And divers Embassies passed betwixt them on that Account. The
of which in short was this, that the said King Henry IV. finding by the said
granted to Foreigners, his own Subjects (to the great Prejudice of the Realm)
crippled in their Trade, did revoke such Parts of the Privileges of the
Company, as were inconsistent with the carrying on of a Trade by the Natives of
Realm: And for the better Encouragement of his own Subjects, did in the 5th Year
his Reign, grant his first Charter to the Merchants trading into East Land:
many great Privileges and Immunities, as by the said Charter may appear. Which
having a good Effect to the bringing of the Trade much more into the Hands of
Natives of this Realm, than was before, King Edward IV. for their more ample
Encouragement, did in the second Year of his Reign, grant another large Charter
Merchants of England; especially to those residing in the Netherlands, with
additional Immunities and Privileges, as by the Charter at large may appear.
The English begin to trade to the East Parts.
The Dutch Hans offended thereat.
Alderman Tench's Reasons offer'd by the Eastland Merchants.
Charter to the Eastland Merchants.
In the first and second of Philip and Mary, was granted the Charter to the
Company. Afterwards confirmed by Act of Parliament in the eighth Year of Queen
Until whose time, though the Trade of this Nation was driven much more by the
Natives thereof, than had been formerly, yet had the Society of the Dutch Hans
Steel Yard much the advantage of them by means of their well regulated
the Privileges they enjoyed. Insomuch that almost the whole Trade was driven by
them, to that degree that Queen Elizabeth her self, when she came to have a War
forced to buy Hemp, Pitch, Tar, Powder, and other naval Provisions, which she
wanted, of Foreigners: And that too, at their Rates. Nor was there any Stores
in the Land, to supply her Occasions on a sudden, but what at great Rates she
to fetch for her even in time of War: Her own Subjects being then but little
To remedy which she fell upon the Consideration, how she might at home have a
grounded Dependence, to have those necessary Commodities by her, that so she
not want them, when she most needed them. And after great Deliberation, no
Expedient could be found by the said Queen and her Council, than by encouraging
own Subjects to be Merchants. Which she did by erecting out of them several
of Merchants: As that of the East Land Company, and other Companies. By which
means, and by cancelling many of the Privileges of the forementioned Dutch Hans
Society, the Trade in general, by degrees came to be managed by the Natives of
Realm. And consequently, the Profit of all those Trades accrued to the English
Trade in general and English Shipping was encreased; her own Customs vastly
augmented, and what was at first the great End of all, obtained, viz. That she
constantly lying at home, in the Hands of her own Subects, all sorts of naval
Provisions and Stores; which she could make use of, as her Occasions required
without any dependence on her Neighbours for the same.
And thus by means of the erecting the forementioned Societies, and preserving
encouraging that of the Merchants Adventurers, was the Trade at first gained
Foreigners to the Natives of the Realm, to its inestimable Advantage.]
The Abbot of S. Albans has a Messuage here, with a Key given to him, in the 34th
Henry the Sixth.
Abbot of St. Albans House.
Then is one other great House, which sometime pertained to John Raynwell,
Stockfishmonger, Maior, and it was by him given to the Maior and Communalty, to
end, that the Profits thereof should be disposed in Deeds of Piety: Which House
15th of Edward the Fourth, was confirmed unto the said Merchants in manner
It is ordained by our Soveraigne Lord and his Parliament, that the said
Almaine, being of the Company called Guildhall Theutonicorum, [or the Flemish
that now be, or hereafter shall be, shall have, hold, and enjoy to them and
Successors for ever, the said place, called the Steele-house, yielding to the
Commonalty an annual Rent of threescore and ten Pounds, three Shillings, four
&c. [and other Rents to others.]
There were also Merchants of Colen trafficking here; who seem to be the
this Haunce Trade. These formerly paid divers Duties and Customs to the Kings
Land, and particularly 2s. from their Guildhall. Which King Henry III. in the
1235. took off by his Charter: which was to this Tenor:
Merchants of Colen, their Charter.
"KNOW ye, that we have quite claimed for us and our
Heirs our beloved Citizens of Colen, and their Merchandizes, of those two
which they were wont to give from their Guildhall, London, and of all Customs
Demands which belong to us in London and throughout our whole Land in England.
And we have granted them to go safe and come safe through all our Land, and to
and sell both in the Town of London and elsewhere; saving the Liberty of our
London. Wherefore we will and firmly command, &c. Witness the venerable