|[Cross in Cheap] Cheape Ward. ||35
Cross, and the great Conduit at Sopars lane end. There was no such Standard, or
Obstacle between them; neither was that Street paved with hard Stone, as now it
read, that in the year 1293. three Men had their Right Hands stricken off at the
Cheape, for rescuing of a Prisoner arrested by an Officer of the City. It is
therefore, that the old Cross in Cheape, (which was then newly builded) was also
But of the Executions at the Standard in Cheape, we read further; that in the
Year 1326. the
Bugesses of London caused Walter Stapleton, Bishop of Excester, Treasurer to
IId, to be beheaded, with others, at the Standard in Cheape; (but this was by
In the Year 1351. the 26 of Edward the IIId, two Fishmongers were beheaded at
Standard in Cheape; but I read not of their Offence. In the Year 1381. Wat.
Richard Lions, and others, there. In the Year 1399. Henry the IVth caused the
Charters made by Richard the IId, to be burnt there. In the Year 1450. Jack
of the Kentish Rebels, beheaded the Lord Say there. In the Year 1461. John Davy
Hand stricken off there, because he had stricken a Man before the Judges at
Executions at the Standard
Then next is the great Cross in West Cheape, (but in Faringdon Ward within,)
was there erected in the Year 1290. by Edward the 1st, upon Occasion thus: Queen
his Wife, died at Herdeby (a Town near unto the City of Lincoln;) Her Body was
from thence to Westminster, and this King, in memory of Her, caused in every
where her Body rested in the way, a stately Cross of Stone to be made and
the Queen's Image and Arms upon it; as at Grantham, Woborne, Northampton, Stony-
Stratford, Dunstable, St. Albans, Waltham, West Cheape, and at Charing; from
she was conveyed to Westminster, and there buried.
Great Cross in West Cheape first builded.
This Cross in West Cheape, being like to those which remain till this Day, and
length of time decayed; John Hatherly, being Mayor of London, procured in the
1441. license of King Henry VI. in the 21st of his Reign, to re-edify the same
beautiful manner, for the Honour of the City: And had License, also, to take up
hundred Fodder of Lead, for the building thereof, amd of certain Conduits, and a
Cross in Cheape new builded.
For there was now, not only a fair Cross to be set up in West Cheape, but
Standards, to be built, and Leaden Pipes, that conveyed the Water for above
and the Works about them to be look'd after, and a common Granary to be erected
For the authorizing and licensing the City in which Works, the said King Henry
out Letters to this Tenor.
The King's Letters for the Cross in Cheape, and
Rex omnibus ad quos, &c. Salutem. Sciatis, quod cum dilecti nobis Johannes
Maior & Cives London. pro communi Utilitatis & decenciæ tocius
[causa] & ad universale proficuum, necnon ad omnium Ligeorum nostrorum
confluentium complacentiam, locis ibidem quamplurimis, prout decet, diversos
recentis conductus cum Standardis ceterisq; machinis & pipis plumbeis, que
milliaria sub & supra terram decurrerunt & decurrunt construere &
erigere; ac quandam
communem Garnariam de novo fabricare, & quandam Crucem spectabilem in West
vitatis pro quadam augea eisdem conductibus tanquam mater deservitur. Que sine
plumbi notabili, ac operariis eisd. operibus necessariis exequi non valet,
Pat. 21 H. IV. p.2. m. 14.
Non utilitatem, decenciam & commodum predict. intime considerantes, de gra.
spiali. concessimus, & licenciam dedimus, &c.
This common Garner or Granary, spoken of in these Letters Patents, to be built
was that which was built by Simon Eyre, or Leyre, Alderman, at Leaden-Hall, for
publick Use of the City. This Cross to be erected here at West Chepe, exprest
Letters Patents to serve pro quadam Augea tanquam mater, seems to be for an
supply of Water, as the Mother Aqueduct, to the rest of the Conduits; as though
Pipes laid from hence to the rest.]
This Cross was then curiously wrought, at the Charges of divers Citizens. John
Mercer, gave 600 Marks towards it; the same was begun to be set up, 1484. and it
finsished before the Year 1486. the 2d of Henry the VIth. It was new gilt all
over, in the
Year 1522. against the coming in of Charles the fifth Emperour; and was new
against the Coronation of Edward VI. and in the Year 1553. against the
Queen Mary. And gilt again in the Year 1554. against the coming in of King
the which time, the said Cross having been presented by divers Juries (or Quests
Wardmote) to stand in the High-way, to the let of Carriages, &c. as they
could not have it removed; it followed, that in the Year 1581. the 21st of June,
Night, the lowest Images round about the said Cross, (being of Christ his
the Virgin Mary, King Edward the Confessor, and such like) were broken and
Whereupon Proclamation was made, that whoso would bewray the doers thereof,
have Forty Crowns, but nothing came to light. The Image of the blessed Virgin,
time, robbed of her Son, and her Arms broken, by which she staid him on her
whole Body was also haled with Ropes, and left ready to fall; but was, in the
again fastened and repaired. And in the Year 1596. about Bartholomew Tide, a
mishapen, (as born out of time) all naked, was laid in her Arms; the other
remaining broken as before. On the East side of the same Cross, the Steps being
thence, under the Image of Christ's Resurrection defaced, was then set up a
wrought Tabernacle * of grey Marble, and in the same, an Alabaster Image of
Woman (for the most part naked) and Water conveyed from the Thames, prilling
naked Breasts for a time; but the same is oft-times dryed up, and now decayed.
The Cross curiously wrought.
Cross in Cheape, indicted by Juries.
The Images broken and robbed.
*Frame, first Edit.
Image of Diana set upon the Cross in
Socrat. lib. I. cap. 13.
In the year 1599. the Timber of the Cross at the top being rotted within the
lead, the arms
thereof bending, were feared to have fallen, to the harming of some people; and
the whole body of the Cross was scaffolded about, and the top thereof taken
meaning in place thereof to set up a Pyramis; but some of her Majesties
Counsillors directed their Letters to Sir Nicholas Mosley, then Maior, by her
express Commandment concerning the Cross, forthwith to be repaired, and placed
it formerly stood, &c. Notwithstanding, the said Cross stood headless more
than a year
after: Whereupon the said Counsillors in great number, meaning not any longer to
the continuance of such a contempt, wrote
Top of the Cross being feared to fall, was
Cross in Cheape, commanded to be