|Cheape Ward. [Mercers in Cheapside.] ||36
to Will. Rider, then Maior, requiring him by vertue of her Highness said former
and Commandment, without any further delay, to accomplish the same her Majesties
princely care therein, respecting especially the antiquity and continuance of
and ancient Ensign of Christianity, &c. dated the 24th of December, 1600.
After this a
Cross of Timber was framed, set up, covered with lead, and gilded, the body of
downward cleansed of dust, the Scaffold carried thence; About twelve nights
the Image of our Lady was again defaced by plucking off her Crown, and almost
taking from her her naked Child, and stabbing her in the Breast, &c. Thus
much for the
Cross in West Cheap.
Command again sent for repairing the Cross in
Cheape, it being an ancient Ensign of Christianity.
Then at the west end of West Cheape street, was some time a Cross of Stone,
Old Cross. Ralph Higden in his Polycronicon saith, that Walter Stapleton,
Exceter, Treasurer to Edward II. was by the Burgesses of London beheaded at this
then called the Standard, without the North door of St. Pauls Church, and so it
is noted in
other Writers, that then lived. This old Cross stood and remained at the East
end of the
Parish Church, called St. Michael in the Corn, by Pauls gate, near to the North
end of the
Old Exchange, till the year 1390. the 13th of Richard II. in place of which old
taken down, the said Church of St. Michael was enlarged, and also a fair
about the 9th of Henry VI.
Old Cross at the West End of Cheape.
In the Reign of Edward III. divers Justings were made in this street, betwixt
and the great Cross, namely, one in the year 1331. about the 21st of September,
as I find
noted by divers Writers of that time.
"In the middle of the City of Lodon,
(say they) in
a street called Cheape, the stone pavement being covered with sand, that the
not slide, when they strongly set their Feet to the ground, the King held a
days together with the Nobility, valiant Men of the Realm, and other, some
Knights. And to the end the beholders might with the better ease see the same;
there was a
wooden Scaffold erected cross the street, like unto a Tower, wherein Queen
many other Ladies, richly attired and assembled from all parts of the Realm, did
behold the Justs: but the higher Frame in which the Ladies were placed, brake in
whereby they were (with some shame) forced to fall down. By reason whereof the
Knights and such as were underneath were grievously hurt: Wherefore the Queen
great care to save the Carpenters from punishment; and through her Prayers
made upon her knees) pacified the King and Council, and thereby purchased great
After which time the King caused a Shed to be strongly made of
himself, the Queen, and other States to stand on, and there to behold the
other Shews at their pleasure, by the Church of St. Mary Bow, as is shewed in
Justings and Tournament in West Cheape.
Edward III. held Tournament or Justs in West
Cheape three days together.
Queen Philip and her Ladies fell from a
Scaffold in Cheap.
A shed or standing made for the King to behold
the Shews in Cheape.
Here in Cheapside in Bow Parish formerly, in the time of King Henry VIII. and
after, lived a considerable Mercer, at the sign of the Crown, (And this perhaps
of which we have that pretty odd Story in our Chronicles.) His Name was John
an ancient Family in Suffolk; Who left a fair Estate behind him to his Children,
divers, besides his charitable Legacies, He
died Anno 1564. To Richard Hare his fourth Son (who as it seems, continued his
Trade) he gave by his Will his said dwelling House at the Crown, with all the
Cellars, Yards, and Ware-houses, thereunto belonging. He was also Owner of the
of Stow Bardolph in the County of Norfolk; which he purchased of Queen Mary; and
the Parsonage thereof, and other Lands and Tenements there, which he purchased
Richard Catlyn, Sergeant at Law: All which he gave by Will to his eldest Son,
Nicolas Hare. He was likewise Owner of a great Mansion Place (as it is called
in his Will)
with Gardens, Orchards, Houses, Lands, and Tenements, in Whitecross street in
Parish of St. Giles Cripplegate: Another Tenement in Morelane in the said
Garden, Tainter-yards and other Commodities and Profits thence arising, or
Hare at the Crown in Cheape.
J. Hare, Windsor Herald.
His charitable Legacies were as follows. To the poor people of the Parish of
our Lady of
Bow, where he then dwelt, 40s. to be divided among them. To the Poor of the
our Lady in Homersfield in the County of Suffolk, where he was born, 20s. To
Hospitals Christs and S. Thomas, to the Use of the Poor thereof, 40l. to be
divided. To S. Bartholomews Hospital 10l. To the five Lazar Houses about
to every House. To every Prisoner within Newgate, Ludgate, the Marshalsea and
Kings Bench, 4d. in Mony, to every one that were Prisoners there at his Decease.
every one that should be then Prisoners in the Counters of Woodstreet and the
a piece. To the thirteen poor Men in Whittington College 2s. apiece.
His charitable Legacies.
Other Liberalities by his Will were: To the Worshipful Company of Mercers, to
Banquet withal after his Decease 12l. to be paid within three Months after his
the Wardens of the Company then being. To evey Man or Maid
afore-named (the rest having particular Legacies assigned them) being his
at the time of his Death 40s. apiece. Item, to divers Persons of Quality, and
Rank, he bequeathed Rings to each of fine Gold, already made, weighing near the
of 3 quarters of an Ounce every Ring. These were, Sir Thomas Leigh, Alderman,
Lady his Wife, Sir Roger Martin, Alderman, Edmund Jackman, Alderman, Sir Tho.
Gresham, Kt. and my Lady his Wife, &c. to the Number of thirty five in all.
All this I
have extracted from Mr. Hare's last Will. Which I have set down thus largely,
to shew the
Wealth accruing to the Citizens in former times by their Trades and Diligence
likwise their Charities and Generosities.
In this Ward in Cheapside, the Mercers chiefly had their Shops and Ware-houses
times: Who were also great Merchants, and sometimes went abroad beyond sea for
Traffick, and especially in Italy. A Story relating to which I find happening
in the Year
1450. An Italian Servant walking through Cheapside with a Dagger at his Girdle,
Mercers Servant, that before had been in Italy, went to him, and
blamed him for
wearing a Dagger, being a Stranger, and out of his own Country: And knowing that
Country no Stranger might do so. For this English Man had done so abroad, and
checked for it. But the Stranger gave such Language to the Mercer, that they
fell to quarrel.
A Quarrel between a Mercer in Cheapside and an