[The Counter.] Cheape Ward. [Present State.] 51

[The Counter.] Cheape Ward. [Present State.]

thereof. And besides this Prison, there is another of the same nature in Woodstreet, for the other Sheriff; both being of the same nature, and have the like Officers for the execution of the Concerns belonging thereunto, as shall be here taken Notice of. So that what is said here for the Poultry Counter, belongs also to Woodstreet Counter.

Woodstreet Counter.

The Charge of those Prisons is committed to the Sheriffs, who always enter into their Office, on the 28th of September, which is the Eve of St. Michael the Archangel; and are accordingly sworn to the Charge of the said Office.

Under the Sheriffs there are divers other Officers belonging alike to both Counters; who give Security to the Sheriffs, for their true and faithful execution of their several Offices.

Officers of the Counters.

1. The first and principal Officer, next to the Sheriff, is the Secondary. Whose Office is to return Writs, mark Warrants, impanel Juries for the Courts both above and below, and also for the Sessions.

The Secondary.

2. The Clerk of the Papers. Whose Office is to impannel Juries for the Sheriff's Court; he enters up Judgment, and makes out all Processes for the Sheriff's Courts.

Clerk of the Papers.

3. Four Clerk Sitters. Who enter Actions, take Bails, receive Verdicts after Trials, &c.

Clerk Sitters.

4. Eighteen Serjeants at Mace; and every Serjeant hath his Yeoman. Their Office is to Arrest, execute all Processes, serve Writs and Executions upon Actions; and summons from above, as well as from the Courts below. And each of these Serjeants gives 400l. Security to the Sheriff, for the due Execution of their Office. They wear blue coloured Cloth Gowns, which are allowed them by the Sheriffs yearly, which they always wear upon their waiting Days. Four of these Serjeants, and as many Yeomen out of each Counter, wait upon their respective Sheriff daily; and during the time of Sessions, double the number. At which time, in the Morings they bring the Prisoners down from Newgate to the Sessions-House, and put them in the Dock; and wait there all Day, and return the Prisoners back to the Goal at Night: And upon the Execution Days, see the condemned Prisoners Executed.

Serjeants and their Yeomen.

Unto each Counter also belongs a Master Keeper; and under him, two Turn-keys, and other Servitors.

Master Keeper.

The poorer sort of Prisoners, as well in this Counter, as in that at Woodstreet, receive daily Relief from the Sheriff's Table, of all the broken Meat and Bread. And there are divers Gifts given by several well disposed People, towards their Subsistance: Of which, such as I could procure, (besides those taken Notice of in several Parts of this Book) I have here inserted. And besides which, there are other Benevolences frequently sent to all the Prisons in London, by charitable Persons; many of which do coneal their Names, doing it only for charity sake. And there are other Gifts, some for the Releasement of such as lie in only for Prison Fees; and for others, for the Release of such, whose Debts amount not to above such or such a Sum.

Relief.


Benefactors to this Counter.

 


 l.s.d.
Mr. William Lambe, Clothworker.0600
Mr. Robert Dove, Merchant Taylor.0500
Sir Wolston Dixie, Skinner.1000
 l.s.d.
The Lady Ramsey.1000
Mr. Ric. Jacob, Vintner, per an.0200
John Fuller, Esq; per an.0200
Mr. John Kendrick, Draper, per an.0200
Baptist Lord Hicks.1000

These persons gave the like Charity to Woodstreet Counter.

Grocer's Alley. This Lane is but ordinary and generally inhabited by Alehouse-keepers, called Spunging-houses; for that the Serjeants belonging to the Poultry Counter, bring their Prisoners to these Houses, and there lock them up, until such time as they can see to make an Agreement with their Creditors, and not be run into the Prison; which is a great Conveniency.

Grocers Alley.

On the West side of this Alley, is a Passage into the Old Jury, through Dove Court. At the upper end of the Alley, is Grocers Hall; a large Building, with a spatious Court before it, and a Garden behind. Of late Years, the Company of Grocers have Lett the said Hall, and other Rooms, (except some for the Company's Use, to keep their Courts in) to the Maior, or to the Sheriffs, to keep their Maioralties or Shriffalties in. But now it is wholly employed by the Bank of England, and the Governors and Directors thereof.

Grocers Hall.

Then Westward is Old Jury, before mentioned; and then Ironmonger lane. This Lane cometh out of Catteaten street, and falleth into Cheapside. 'Tis a Place well built, and inhabited by Wholesale Dealers. On the East side is Church Alley, which hath a good open Free stone passage on the South side of St. Olaves Church yard, into the Old Jury. And on the West side of this Lane, is a passage into New Kingstreet. In this Lane was the Parish Church of St. Martins Ironmonger lane, and being burnt down in the Fire of London, is not rebuilt; but the Parish united to St. Olave Jury.

Ironmonger lane.

More West, is New Kingstreet, built since the Fire of London; a very spacious Street, garnished with very good Buildings; which are well inhabited by Norwich Factors, and other Wholesale Dealers, of Wealth and Reputation.

New Kingstreet.

It comes out of Cheapside, and falleth into Catteaten street, right against Guild hall. On the West side of this Street, is an open Passage, or rather a short Street; which goeth into St. Lawrence lane; but hath, as yet, no Name given it.

Still West, the next Lane is St. Laurence Lane, so called from St. Lawrence Church, seated at the lower end fronting the Lane, and standing in Catteaton street, This Lane is well built, and inhabited by Wholesale Dealers. On the West side is an open Passage which leadeth to Hony lane, viz. Duke street. On the same side, is an old Inn called Blossom's Inn, corruptly called Bosome's Inn; and hath the Sign of St. Laurence upon a Grid-Iron, in a Border of Flowers and Blossoms. This Inn is very large, and much resorted unto by Carriers and others. It hath a back Gate into Hony lane Market.

St. Laurence Lane.

Blossoms Inn.

More Westwards, and on the same side, is Castle Court, which is indifferent broad, with pretty good Houses. It hath a passage into Mountford's Court, which leadeth into Milkstreet, but not in this Ward.

Castle Court.

Mountford's Court.

Catteaton street comes from the corner of Milk street, and goes to Bassishaw street. It is a Street of a good Trade, and well inhabited. On the North side, somewhat East from St. Laurence, is Blackwel hall Court, so called, as

Catteaten Street.

Blackwel hall Court.

adjoining