|Cripplegate Ward. [The Bounds] ||88
Alleys, lying on the West side of Willoughby House. But by reason of some
that Course is of late denied them: So that they pass through Barbican, and turn
street, (beng part of St. Botolph Parish) until they come a little beyond the
they enter their own Bounds again; and setting up their Marks, pass along the
Right side of
the Kings High way, leading to Islington. And leaving the Mount Mill upon their
hand, they proceed on, till they come within three Rods of a little Bridge, (at
the lower end
of the Close next unto Islington; over which lyeth a Foot-path toward Newington
Where they dig a Way over the Ditch, and so keep upon the Ditch Bank, all the
the lower end of the said Close. Where they turn again South-east, and taking
in all the
Lay-stalls, and low Grounds, where Brick hath been made, strike over between
Grounds and the Brickhills, that now are adjoining to the Foot path, leading
Pesthouse to Islington; which they leave on the left side. In the South end of
Brickhill, there is a Stone set, now almost digged down. From the which Stone,
come strait South, till they come over a Bridge, which is laid purposely for
them, and after
removed. Which as soon as they have past, they strike down by the said Ditch
Eastward, to the farthest Conduit Head, where they give the Children Points.
From whence they keep a strait Course into the Kings High way, to Dame Anne de
upon the right side of which Way they keep, till they come to the Butts; where a
purposely laid for them; over which they pass into Holywell Close, and so
the farthest of the six Miles, next unto Holywell, which they leave on their
Left hand; and
so passing over the High way, keep a strait Course over the Walks, to the
South of the middle Walk, (leaving the Butchers Close, and the lower Gardens,
Rods on the Left hand,) in the which Wall there is a Mark or Bound. From thence
entring the lowest Walk at all) they turn full West, over the high way leading
Moorgate; and coming into Little Moorefields, (as we call it) they keep close to
and Tentors, (for they have not passing eight or ten Foot of Ground from the
Pails) till they
come to the Postern, where they set up their Mark. And so through the Postern
their return, &c.]
There was in this Church, of old time, a Fraternity or Brotherhood of our
blessed Lady, or
Corpus Christi, and St. Giles; founded by John Belancer, in the Reign of King
the 35th Year of his Reign.
Brotherhood in St. Giles's Church.
Some small distance from the East end of this Church, is a Water Conduit,
Pipes of Lead from Highbery, by John Middleton, one of the Executors to Sir
Eastfield, and of his Goods. The Inhabitants adjoining, castellated it of their
and Charges, about the Year 1483.
Water Conduit without Cripplegate.
At a Common Councel held April in the Year it was agreed, That
Chamberlain should, at the Costs of the Chamber, cause the common Well and
St. Giles, to be covered with a House of Brick.]
The common Well at St. Giles, to be
There was also a Boss of clear Water, in the Wall of the Churchyard, made at the
of Richard Whitington, sometimes Maior, and was like to that of Belinsgate. Of
same was turned into an evil Pump, and so is clean decayed.
Boss in the Wall of St. Giles Churchyard.
There was also a fair Pool of clear Water, near unto the Parsonage, on the West
thereof; which was filled up in the Reign of Henry VI. The Spring was cooped
arched over with hard Stone; and Stairs of Stone to go down to the Spring, on
the Bank of
the Town Ditch. And this was also done of the Goods, and by the Executors of
Pool of Spring Water.
In Whitecross street, King Henry V. builded one fair House; and founded there a
Brotherhood of St. Giles, to be kept. Which House, had sometime been an
Hospital of the
French Order, by the Name of St. Giles without Cripplegate, in the Reign of
The King having the Jurisdiction, and appointing a Custos thereof, for the
Precinct of St.
Giles, &c. Which Hospital being suppressed, the Lands were given to the
for the relief of the Poor.
Hospital of the French Order.
Pat. R. 2. 15. year.
In this Street was a White cross; and near it was built an Arch of Stone, under
which ran a
Course of Water down to the Moor, called now Moorfields. Which being too narrow
the free Course of the Water, and so an annoyance to the Inhabitants, the twelve
presented it at an Inquisition of the Kings Justices, 3 Edw. I. And they
Abbot of Ramsey, and the Prior of St. Trinity; whose Predecessors, six Years
built (as the Inquisition ran) a certain Stone Arch at Whyte croyse, in the Ward
Cripplegate; beyond the Course of a certain Water coming down from Smethfeld del
Barbican, in that Ward, towards the Moor. Which Arch the foresaid Abbot and
their Successors, ought to maintain and repair. And which was so strait, that
there could not have its full Course, to the Annoyance of the Inhabitants.
Hereupon it was
commanded the Sheriffs, to distrain the said Abbot and Convent, to mend the said
A Stone Arch in Whitecross street.
One Alley, of divers Tenements, over against the North Wall of St. Giles
appointed to be Almshouses for the Poor, wherein they dwelled Rent free, and
were relieved: But the said Brotherhood was suppressed by Henry VIII. Since
Sir John Gresham, Maior, purchased the Lands thereof, and gave it to the
maintenance of a
Free School; which he had founded at Holt, a Market Town in Norfolk.
In Redcross street, on the West side from St. Giles Churchyard, up to the said
many fair Houses builded outward, with divers Alleys, turning into a large plot
of old time called the Jews Garden; as being the only place appointed them in
wherein to bury their Dead. Till the year 1177. the 24th of Henry II. that it
them (after long suit to the King and Parliament at Oxford) to have special
them, in every quarter where they dwelled.
Liber. S. Buttolph.
The Jews Garden, or Place to bury their
Tenementum & Terras, situat. in Parochia Sti Bothi. extra
Tenement. nuper Rici. Odiham ex parte australi, ac Gardinum vocat. Jewyn Garden
The plot of Ground remained to the said Jews, till the time of their final
Banishment out of
England, and is now turned into fair Garden Plots, and Summer Houses for
It is now called Jewen Street, being a continued Street of contiguous Houses on
of the way, and leadeth out into Aldersgate street. This Place, with the
antiently called Leyrestowe; which King Edward I. granted to William de Monte
Jewen Street, antiently Leyre Stowe.
Rec. Turr. 19. 2. Ed. I m. 1.