[Present State.] Cripplegate Ward. [Lambs Chappel.] 91

[Present State.] Cripplegate Ward. [Lambs Chappel.]

At the North corner of this Street, on the same side as this Hall of the Surgeons is, stands Lambs Chappel, founded by one Lanmb, a Clothworker.

Lambs Chappel.

In this Chappel, the Worshipful Company of Clothworkers have Four Sermons preached to them, upon four principal Festivals in the Year; viz. Upon the Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, March 25. On the Feast of St. John Baptist, June 24. On the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, September 29. And on the Feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, December 21. Upon which Days, the Master, Wardens, and Livery of the Company, meet at some convenient Church, near unto the Chappel, whence they go in their Gowns and Hoods to the Chappel, and hear a Sermon. After which, they relieve Twelve poor Men, and as many Women, with 12d. apiece in Money; and once a Year, viz. at Michaelmas, to each of them a Frieze Gown, a Lockeram Shift, and a good pair of Winter Shoes; all ready made, fit for their wearing.

Gifts belonging thereunto.

Leyborn.

This Chappel is, now, commonly called Lambs Chappel; and the Inhabitants of the Tenements belonging to the said Chappel, have, till within these 35 Years last past, namely, till the Year 1660. stood in competition with the Parishioners of the Parish of St. Olaves Silverstreet, who would have had those Inhabitants to have been of their Parish; which indeed they are, as may appear by this following Deed.


A very antient DEED, to prove LAMBS CHAPPEL, to have antiently been in the Parish of St. Olave Silverstreet.

 

"KNOW all Men presemt and to come, That I Laurence de Frowik, have granted and dimissed, and by this present Charter of mine, have confirmed unto Richard of Clerkenwell, Chaplain, all that Land of mine, with the Houses, Buildings, and Appurtenances, which I have in London, in Muckwell street, in the Parish of St. Olaves; lying between that Land which William Throtegos held of me, towards the South, and the Land of the Fryers of the new Hostell, towards the North; and which extendeth it self in length, from the King's High way, even unto the Wall of the City, towards the West, &c. He paying me Twenty Shillings a Year, &c. and giving unto the Church of St. Olaves aforesaid, one Wax Candle, of a Pound weight, at the Feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, yearly. And unto the Chappel (de inclusorio) in the Close or Cloister within Creplegate, at the upper end of Muckwell street, towards the North, one other Wax Taper, of Three quarters Weight, upon the Feast of St. James, yearly, &c.
Witness,
Nicholas Bat, then Maior of London.
John of Northampton, and
Richard Pycard, then Sheriffs,
&c. Anno 1253. "

An antient Deed.


Notes upon this DEED.

 

Out of this so antient a Deed, may we observe,

1. That by the bounding of the Land, between the Street and the City Wall, towards the West, that this is the Ground which is now Lambs Chappel Yard.

2. By the assigning the latter Candle to be paid to the Chappel upon St. James his Day, that it was meant to this Lambs Chappel, which was antiently called, The Chappel of St. James in the Wall; upon whose Festival this Chappel seems to have been dedicated. And to honour the Solemnity of which, Frowik, the Gentleman, directed this Candle to be yearly paid.

The Original of this Deed in Latin, is in the Hands of that most learned Antiquary of our Days, Sir Henry Spelman, Kt.]

Fell street, seated betwixt Mugwel street and Little Woodstreet; a Place of no great Account, and but narrow. Here is Fell Court, pretty square, and well built; but hath a narrow passage into it. Black Horse and Hare Inn, only for Stabling.

Fell Street.

R. B.

Fell Court.

Black Horse and Hare Inn.

Silver street, goes from Little Woodstreet unto Noble street; a handsome broad Street, with well built Houses; supposed to be so called, from the Silversmiths then there dwelling; which are now removed into Foster lane, and other Places.

Silver street.

In this Street are these Places, Winton Court, pretty handsome, with a Free stone Pavement. Red Lyon Court, indifferent good and large; over against which, is a large Presbyterian Meeting House; being a very good Building in a Yard.

Winton Court.

Red Lion Court.

A Presbyterian Meeting House.

Westmoreland Court, an open large Place, but ordinary built; and fronts Noble street.

Westmoreland Court.

Woodstreet, of which there is the Great and the Little; Great Woodstreet beginning on the South, at Cheapside, and falling into Little Woodstreet, runs up to Cripplegate. Both Streets in this Ward, except a small part next to Cheapside, as already taken Notice of. Great Woodstreet is a Street well built and inhabited, and noted for the good Cakes here made; which are wont to be bought here for Weddings, Christnings, and Twelfthnights.

Woodstreet.

Woodstreet Cakes.

On the East side of Great Woodstreet, is one of the Prisons belonging to the Sheriffs, and called Woodstreet Compter. Near unto Woodstreet Compter, is Lad lane, which falleth into Catteaten street, betwixt Aldermanbury, on the North side, and Milkstreet on the South.

Woodstreet Compter.

In Woodstreet are a great many Courts, Alleys, and Places of Name; I shall begin next to Cheapside.

Cross Keys Inn, pretty large; and of a good Trade. Goldsmiths street, pretty good, falls in to Foster lane; hath some part in the Ward of Faringdon within, where it is mentioned. Pauls Alley, pretty good, with a Free stone Pavement. Castle Tavern, of a considerable Trade; and so much the more, as being near the Compter: Such a Trade hath the Mitre also.

Cross keys Inn.

Goldsmiths Streat.

Pauls Alley.

Castle Tavern.

Fryers Alley, or Court, but ordinary; hath a passage into Clements Court, which leads into Milkstreet. Shovel Alley, pretty good, with a Free stone Pavement.

Fryers Alley.

Clements Court

Shovel Alley.

St. Michael Woodstreet Church, seated at the corner of Huggen lane, against Lad lane, a good handsome Free stone Building, since its being burnt in the Fire of London, and built again. To which Church, is now united the Parish of St. Mary Staining, having lost its Church by that Fire.

St. Michael Woodstreet Church.

Huggen lane. This Lane comes out of Woodstreet, by the South side of St. Michaels Church, where it is pretty broad, well built, and inhabited. But further, where it runneth into Gutter lane, through the encroachments of Buildings, it becomes very narrow, and but ordinary.

Huggen lane.

Other Courts and Places in Woodstreet. Castle Inn, very large, and of a great Resort and Trade. Coach and Horses Inn or Yard, large, but taken up for Livery Stables and Coaches.

Castle Inn.

Coach and Horses Inn.

Maiden-