[Black Friers.] Faringdon Ward within. [St. Michael the Quern.]191

[Black Friers.] Faringdon Ward within. [St. Michael the Quern.]

in Heaven. One of these was one Parker, a long Trader and Factor with Papists here in England. This man was appointed the Week after, to carry this sad News over Seas, to Doway; where he was likewise to receive Priestly Orders, to supply the room of three Priests here destroyed; but on his first setting forwards, at London Bridge, he was drowned, with a Kinswoman of his, bound for Brussels, there to take on her the Habit of a Nun.

In King Edward III. his Reign, a House being newly builded in the Black Friers, near the Wall of the City; to the Annoyance of the said Friers and the City, and built without Licence, in a Perambulation was solemnly viewed by the Lord Maior, with many of the Aldermen his Brethren; and was ordered to be pulled down within Forty Days; otherwise the Sheriff was appointed to do it, and to fine the Builder besides, 40s. For which an antient Record of the City ran to this Tenor.

A House in Black Friers ordered to be pulled down.

J. S.

Die martis prox. ante festum Conversionis S. Pauli, anno regni R. Edw. tertii post Conquestum vicessimo, datum fuit intelligi Galfrido de Wichingham, Maiori Civitat. Lond. & Aldris' quod quidam Thomas at Crouche, Calcarius jam de novo super Solum Civitat. edificavit quandam placeam muro ejusdem Civitat. contiguam, & partem ejusdem muri juxta fres' predicatores infra Ludgate, Lond. in prejudicium tam Civitatis predict. quam eorundem frum', & in perturbationem perambulationis ejusdem Civitatis, cum acciderit. Quo audito predict. Galfridus de Wychingham, Maior, Reginaldus de Conductu, Henricus Darcy, Andr. Aubrey, Simon Fraunceys, Johannes Hamond, Ricus' Later, Rogerus de Depham, Wilmus' de Thorney, Barthus' Demnars,' Wilmus' de Causton, Johannes Rokel, Johes' de Causton, Wilhelm. de Pountfreyt, Walterus Turks, Johes Syward, Al. Brabazon, & Ricus' de Berking, &c. came in their proper Persons to the foresaid Place, and found as above, and appointed the said Edifice to be removed. Compositione inter Maiorem & Communitatem Civitat. predict. & predict. fratres predicatores nuper fact. in omnibus semper salva. Litera F. fol. 133. a.]

Before we take our leave of Black Friers, I must mention a memorable Passage that happened after the Fire of London. Some Workmen digging in a Place there where the Covent was, to clear it from the Rubbish, by the appointment of Mr. William Bradford, in order to building; they came to an old Wall in a Cellar, of great thickness; where appeared a kind of Cupboard. Which being opened, there were found in it four Pots or Cases of fine Pewter, thick, with Covers of the same; and Rings fastened on the top, to take up or put down at pleasure. The Cases were flat before, and rounding behind. And in each of them were reposited four humane Heads, unconsumed, reserved, as it seems, by Art; with their Teeth and Hair, the Flesh of a tawny Colour, wrap'd up in black Silk, almost consumed. And a certain Substance, of a blackish Colour, crumbled into Dust, lying at the bottom of the Pots.

Four Heads found in Black Friers.

J. S.

One of these Pots, with the Head in it, I saw in October, 1703. being in the Custody of Mr. Presbury, then Sope-maker in Smithfield. Which Pot had inscribed in the inside of the Cover, in a scrawling Character, (which might be used in the times of King Henry VIII.) J. CORNELIUS. This Head was without any Neck, having short red Hair upon it, thick, and that would not be pulled off; and yellow Hair upon the Temples; a little bald on the top (perhaps a Tonsure) the forepart of the Nose sunk, the Mouth gaping, ten sound Teeth, others had been plucked out; the Skin like tanned Leather, the Features of the Face visible. There was one Body found near it buried, and without an Head; but no other Bodies found. The other three Heads had some of the Necks joined to them, and had a broader and plainer Razure; which shewed them Priests. These three Heads are now dispersed. One was given to an Apothecary: Another was intrusted with the Parish Clerk; who it is thought got Money by shewing of it. It is probable they were at last privately procured, and conveyed abroad; and now become Holy Relicks.

Who these were, there is no Record, as I know of; nor had any of the Names inscribed but one. To me they seem to have been some zealous Priests or Friers, executed for Treason; whereof there were many in the Rebellion in Lincolnshire, An. 1538. or for denying the King's Supremacy. And here privately deposited by these Black Friers.]

The Parish of St. MICHAEL the Quern.


Now to turn again out of the Black Friers, through Bowyer Row, Ave Mary Lane and Pater-noster Row, to the Church of St. Michael ad Bladum, or at the Corn, (corruptly called the Quern) so called, because in place thereof was sometime a Corn-Market, stretching up West to the Shambles. It seemeth that this Church was first builded about the Reign of Edward III. Thomas Newton, first Parson there, was buried in the Quire, in the Year 1361. which was the 35th of Edward III. At the East end of this Church stood a Cross, called the Old Cross in West Cheap; which was taken down in the Year 1390. the 13th of Rich. II. Since the which Time, the said Parish Church was also taken down; but new builded and inlarged in the Year 1430. the 8th of Henry VI. William Eastfield, Maior, and the Communalty, granted of the common Soil of the City, three Foot and an half in breadth on the North part, and four Foot in breadth toward the East, for the inlarging thereof.

St. Michael ad Bladum.

Corn-Market by Pater-noster Row.

Old Cross in West Cheap.

This Church was repaired, and with all Things, either for Use or Beauty, richly supplied and furnished, at the sole Cost and Charge of the Parishioners, in the Year of our Lord God 1617.]



This Church was burnt down in the great Fire, and remains unbuilt; and laid into the Street: But the Conduit which was formerly at the East end of the Church, stiull remains. The Parish is united to St. Vedast Foster lane.


J. S.

There was a Parsonage House, but demolished by the Fire; and the Ground now lies in the open Street. And no Satisfaction ever received for the loss of the Ground. No Glebe belongs to this Parish.


There are several Bequests given to the Poor for Gowns and Bread; which are Yearly and Weekly disposed of.


But as for Legacies or Gifts given to the Church. [i.e. for the Repairing or Adorning thereof] there were none.]



The old Church had the Monuments of,


Thomas Newton, first Parson.

Roger Woodcocke, Hatter, 1475.