[Customs of Queen Hith Ward. Queen Hith.]216

[Customs of Queen Hith Ward. Queen Hith.]

"landed with Fish at Billinsgate, which ought to have landed at the foresaid Heth. And therefore the Custom is, that if any Foreign Ship with Fish, land elsewhere in the Form aforesaid, than at the foresaid Heth, it is in the King's Mercy; to wit, at 40s. [Forfeiture.] Let this Punishment have Place, until one Month after the Feast of St. Michael, this Year. And in the mean time, according to the Transgression, Provision is made for inflicting an heavier Pain, if they will not observe the foresaid Form."

"Afterwards came the Maior and Citizens, and say, that Six Ships of Strangers, with all Salt Fish, in Foreign Spindler Boats, landed at the foresaid Heth, in the foresaid Time. But Ships which were the Citizens of London, landed elsewhere, where they would. And therefore let the King have his Seizin.]"

After this, the said Henry III. confirmed the Grant of Richard Earl of Cornwal, for the Farm of the Queen Hith, unto John Gisors, then Maior, and to the Communalty of London, and their Successors for ever; as by this his Charter appeareth.

Queen Hith let to farm to the Maior and Communalty of London.

Henry, by the Grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Guien, and Earle of Anjou, to all Archbishops, &c. Be it knowne, that Wee have seene the Covenant betweene our Brother Richard, Earle of Cornwall, of the one Party, and the Maior and Communalty of London, on the other Party; which was in this Sort. In the Thirtieth Yeere of Henry, the Sonne of King John, upon the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward at Westminster, this Covenant was made betweene the Honourable Lord Richard, Earle of Cornwall, and John Gisors, then Maior of London, and the Commons thereof; concerning certaine Exactions and Demands pertaining to the Queene Hith of London. To wit, That the said Earle granted for himself and his Heyres, that the said Maior, and all Maiors ensuing, and all the Commons of the City, should have and hold the Queene Hith, with all the Liberties and Customes, and other Appurtenances in Fee Ferme; rendring thence yeerely to the said Earle, his Heires and Assignes, fifty Pounds, at Clarkenwell at two several Termes; to wit, at the close of Easter 25 Pounds, and in the Octaves of Michaelmas, 25 Pounds. And for more Surety hereof, the said Earle hath set thereunto his Seale, and left it with the Maior; and the Maior and Communalty have set their Seale, and left it with the Earle. Where We confirme and establish the said Covenant, for Us and for our Heires. Witnesses, Raphe Fitz-Nichol, Richard Gray, John and Will. Brithem, Paulin Paynter, Raphe Wancia, John Cumband, and others. At Windsor, the 26th of February, the 31st of our Reign.

Lib. Trinit. London.

It seems Queen Hith was in the Hands of the Earl of Cornwal, at the Death of K. Henry III. and the Citizens supposed was wrongfully detained from them. For upon an Inquisition appointed by the Justices the 3d of Ed. I. they make this Presentment. That the Queen Hith was sometime belonging to the City of London; and how it came to the Earl of Cornwal, and his Heirs, they knew not, nor by what Warrant. And that it was worth per ann. 52l. And moreover they say, That King John, Father of Lord King Henry, gave Queen Hith to Alionore, then Queen of England; and was had of the King's Demesne all his Time. But from that time, till now, the Earl of Cornwal, and his Heirs held it; and still did hold it against the Crown, and Disenherisen of the King, as it seemed to them. But by what Warrant they knew not.]

The City doubt of the Earl's Title to Queen Hith.

J. S.

The Charge of this Queen Hith was then committed to the Sheriffs, and so hath continued ever since. The Profits whereof are sore diminished: So that (as writeth Robert Fabian) it was worth in his time, little above twenty Marks, or fifteen Pound one Year with another.

Rob. Fabian, Lib. Constit.

Now, for Customs of this Queen Hith. In the Year 1302. the 30th of Edward I. it was found by the Oath of divers Men, that Bakers, Brewers, and others, buying their Corn at Queen Hith, should pay for Measuring, Portage, and Carriage, for every Quarter of Corn whatsoever; from thence to West Cheap, to St. Anthonine's Church, to Horseshooe Bridge, and to Woolsey street, in the Parish of Alhallows the Less, and such like Distances, one ob. q. To Fleet Bridge, to Newgate, Criplegate, to Birchovers Lane, to Eastcheape, and Bilinsgate, one Penny. Also, that the Measurer, or the Meeter, ought to have eight chief Master Porters; every Master to have three Porters under him, and every one of them to find one Horse, and seven Sacks; and he that so did not, to loose his Office.

Custom of Queen Hith.

A Corn Meeter, eight Master Porters, and twenty four Porters under them, at Queen Hith.

This being related for brevity sake, somewhat imperfectly, I shall here exemplify it out of an Authentick Record in the Chamber of London, bearing this Title, Salarium Mensuratorum bladi & cariant. in Ripa Reginæ: i.e. The Fee of the Meeters of Corn, and the Carriers of it in Queen Hith.

Corn Meeters and Corn Carriers, their Fees.

J. S.

Lib. Horn. fol. 298.b.

Inquisitio capta, &c. i.e. "An Inquisition taken before Elia Russel, then Maior of London, and Alderman of the same City, on Saturday next after the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, An. 29 Ed. I. (which was in the Year of Christ 1301.) by John de Stratford, William de Welles, Richard de Chingford, Will. Poyntell, John Page, Will. de Gartone, Peter de Hungrie, Will. Cok, Fruter, John de Paris, John Dode, John le Coffrer, Adam Braz, &c. Who being sworn, and diligently examined, say upon Oath, That antiently it was appointed, and hitherto used in the City and Suburbs of London, that the Bakers and Brewers, and others of the City of London, paid for the common Measure and Carriage, and Porterage to their Houses, of one Quarter of Corn, of whatsoever Kind, bought at Queen Hith, after this manner; to wit, From the Hith of the Queen, to all Streets and Lanes as far as Eastchepe, and as far as the Church of St. Anthonie, and as far as Horseshoe Bridge, and as far as Wolfesgate, ob. q. And from the same Hith, through all Streets and Lanes beyond the foresaid Places, to the Bridge of the Flete, and to Newgate, and to Crepelgate, and as far as over against Berchevers lane upon Cornhul, and as far as Eastcheap, and as Billinsgate, 1d. And from this Hith of the Queen, through all Streets and Lanes beyond the foresaid Places, even to the Bars of the Suburb, 1d. q."

"And they say moreover upon their Oath, that every Head Master of the Mesurers of the Men serving the People at Queen Hith, shall find a quartern-Bushel, an half-Bushel, and a Strike, and one Horse. And there shall be there eight Head or Capital Masters. And every one of the eight Masters shall have three standing Fellows or Companions. And "