[Romeland.] Queen Hith Ward. [VVharfs.]217

[Romeland.] Queen Hith Ward. [VVharfs.]

"each of those three Standers, shall find one Horse, and seven Sacks, &c. And he that doth contrary to the foresaid Ordinance, shall abjure his Office."

This Hith was then so frequented with Vessels, bringing thither Corn, (besides Fish, Salt, Fuel, and other Merchandizes) that all these Men, to wit, the Meeter, and Porters, Thirty seven in number, for all their Charge of Horses and Sacks, and small Stipend, lived well of their Labours. But now that Case is altered; the Bakers of London, and other Citizens, travel into the Countries, and buy their Corn of the Farmers, after the Farmers Price.

King Edward II. in the 1st of his Reign, gave to Margaret, Wife of Peter de Gavestone, Forty three Pounds, Twelve Shillings, Nine Pence Halfpenny Farthing, out of the Rents in Lvndon, to be received of the Queen's Hith.

Lib. Guild.

Certain Impositions were set upon Ships, and other Vessels coming thither; as upon Corn, Salt, and other Things, toward the Charge of cleansing Roomland there, the 41st of Ed. III.

Romeland at Queen Hith.

These were the Impositions and the Occasions of them. This Romeland being annoyed with Dung, Filth, &c. so as the Sellers of Corn and Victual there, could not stand to sell their Commodities, as formerly they had done, It was ordered by a Common Councel, An. 41. of King Edw. III. That the Place should forthwith be made clean and paved. And that from thenceforth, towards the perpetual cleansing and reparation thereof, there should be taken for every Quarter of Corn, of what Kind soever, there sold or coming, a Farthing; for every Quarter of Salt, a Farthing; for every Vessel, called a Battel, bringing Rushes, four Pence; for every Vessel called a Shout, bringing Corn or Malt, two Pence; for every Ship bringing other Victuals, two Pence; and of every Person laying Soil there, two Shillings; and the Seller of Rushes, to pay for every Boat of Rushes, four Pence.]

Romeland to be paved and cleansed of Filth.

R.

The 3d of Edward IV. the Market at Queen Hith being hindered by the slackness of drawing up London Bridge, it was ordained, That all manner of Vessels, Ships, or Boats, great or small, resorting to the City with Victual, should be sold by Retail; and that if there came but one Vessel at a time, were it Salt, Wheat, Rie, or other Corn from beyond the Seas; or other Grains; Garlick, Onions, Herrings, Sprats, Eels, Whitings, Plaice, Cods, Mackarel, &c. then that one Vessel should come to Queen Hith, and there to make Sale. But if two Vessels came, the one should come to Queen Hith, the other to Bilinsgate. If three, two of them should come to Queen Hith, the third to Bilinsgate, &c. always the more to Queen Hith. If the Vessel being great, coming with Salt from the Bay, and could not come to these Keys, then the same to be conveyed by Lighters, as before is meant.

Queen Hith to be more frequented of Ships and Boats, than Billinsgate.

One large House for stowage of Corn, * craned out of Lighters and Barges, is there lately builded. Sir John Lion, Grocer, Maior, 1554. by his Testament, gave 100l. towards it. But since increased and made larger, at the Charges of the City, in the Year 1565.

Garner framed for Corn at Queen Hith.

*Framed First Edit.

Against this Queen's Hith, on the River of Thames, of late Years was placed a Corn Mill, upon, or betwixt two Barges or Lighters, and there ground Corn, as Water Mills in other Places; to the wonder of many that had not seen the like. But this lasted not long without decay: Such as caused the same Barges to be removed and taken asunder, are soon forgotten. I read of the like to have been in former time, as thus:

A Corn Mill upon Barges or Lighters on the Thames.

In the Year 1525. the 16th of Henry VIII. Sir William Bayly being Maior, John Cooke of Glocester, Mercer, gave to the Maior and Communalty of London, and theirs for ever, one great Barge, in the which two great Corn Mills were made and placed. Which Barge and Mills were set in and upon the Stream of the River of Thames, within the Jurisdiction and Liberty of the said City of London. And also he gave to the said City, all such Timber, Boards, Stones, Iron, &c. provided for making, mending, and repairing of the said Barge and Mills. In Reward whereof, the Maior gave him 50l. presently, and 50l. yearly, during his Life. And if the said Cooke deceased before Joan his Wife, then she to have forty Marks the Year during her Life.]

Two Corn Mills in one Barge, given to this City, 1525.

Next adjoining to this Queen Hith, on the West side thereof, is Salt Wharf, named of Salt taken up, measured, and sold there.

Salt Wharf.

The next is Stew lane, of a Stew, or Hothouse there kept.

Stew Lane.

After that is Timber hith, or Timber Sreet, so called, of Timber and Boards, there taken up and wharfed. It is in the Parish of St. Mary Somers Hith, as I read in the 56th of H. III. and in the 9th of Edward II.

Timber Hith.

Then is Brooks's Wharf, and Broken Wharf, a Water-gate or Key so called, of being broken and fallen down into the Thames.

Brook's Wharf.

Broken Wharf.

At a Common Council, July 23. the 2d of Queen Elizabeth, Order was taken, that out of a certain void space of Ground at Broken Wharf, there should be Thirty three Foot inclosed, and laid to the City's Brewhouse. Which was to have a substantial Pale about it, to keep the City's Fuel, and other Goods, &c.

A void space of Ground here to be inclosed.

R.

By this Broken Wharf remaineth one large old Building of Stone, with arched Gates; which Messuage, I find, in the Reign of Henry III. the 43d Year, pertaining unto Hugh de Bygot; and in the 11th of Edward II. to Thomas Brothertun, the King's Brother, Earl of Norfolk, Marshal of England. In the 11th of Henry VI. to John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, &c.]

Bygot's House by Broken Wharf.

Within the Gate of this House (now belonging to the City of London) is lately, to wit, in the Year 1594, and 1595. builded one large House, of great height, called an Engin, made by Bevis Bulmar, Gentleman, for the conveying and forcing of Thames Water, to serve in the middle and West Parts of the City. The antient great Hall of this Messuage is yet standing, and pertaining to a great Brew-house for Beer.

An Engin for enforcing of Thames Water.

West from this is Trigg lane, going down to the Thames. Next is called Boss lane, of a Boss of Water, like unto that of Bilinsgate, there placed by the Executors of Richard Whittington.

Trigg lane.

Boss lane.

Then is one great Messuage, sometime belonging to the Abbots of Chertsey in Surrey, and was their Inn, wherein they were lodged when they repaired to the City. It is now called Sandie House, by what Reason I have not heard: I think the Lord Sands hath been lodged there.

Abbot of Chertsey's Inn.

Sandie House.

And this is an end of this Queen Hith Ward.

The present State of this Ward stands thus.

The chief Streets, Lanes, and Hills, in this Ward, are Thames street, Queen Hith, with the several Lanes which run down to the Thames, Lambert Hill, Fishstreet Hill, Five Foot Lane, Breadstreet Hill, Huggin Lane, Little Trinity Lane, with the South side of Great Trinity Lane, Old Fishstreet. Thames street, runneth

Chief Streets, Lanes, &c.

through