[Benefactions.] Castle Baynard Ward. [St. Gregories.]227

[Benefactions.] Castle Baynard Ward. [St. Gregories.]

Myslike of all Papists desires.     
Oh Lord, cut them off with thy Sword.
How small soever the Gift shal bee,
Thank God for him who gave it thee.
XII Penie Loaves to xii poor Foulkes
Geve every Sabbath Day for aye.

Just over this are Shelves for Bread.



The charitable Gifts belonging to this Parish, are these.


John Iwarby gave a piece of Ground on Lambeth Hill, for a burying Place for the said Parish; still made use of for that purpose.

Tho. Berry, Fishmonger, gave a Messuage in Southwark, called the Red Cross; with its Appurtenances, for ever, to the Poor of the Parish; now let by Lease at 28l. per ann. Out of which, is yearly paid to Walton and Booth, in Lancashire, 5l. 4s.

The Parish of St. Benet Pauls Wharf, pay yearly, as the Gift of Justice Randal, 40s. and are to pay 5l. per ann. the Gift of Esq; Arnold.

The Fishmongers pay 13s. 4d. being the Gift of Tho. Jennings.

Twenty Shillings, the Gift of Justice Randolph.

Three Pounds, the Gift of Mr. Hasley.

Of St. Nicolas Cold Abby Parish, sometimes 6s. 8d. yearly; sometimes 10s. 8d. the Gift of Mr.

Four Shillings yearly, the Gift of Dame Dean.

Of the Company of Wax Chandlers, in Gowns and Money, yearly, 3l. 18s.

No Parsonage House, as far as is known, ever belonging to this Parish.]


On the West side of this Church, by the Porch thereof, is placed a Conduit or Cestern of Lead, castellated with Stone, for receipt of Thames Water; conveyed at the Charges of the forenamed Barnard Randolph, Esq.

Conduit of Thames Water.

By the East end of St. Mary Magdalens Church, runneth up the Old Exchange lane, by the West end of Carter lane, to the South-east Gate or Chain of Pauls Churchyard, as is before shewed. And in this Part was the Exchange kept, and Bullion was received for Coinage; as is noted in Faringdon Ward within.

The Old Exchange.

In this Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalen, out of Knightriders street, up to Carter lane, be two small Lanes: The one of them called Do little Lane, as a Place not inhabited by Artificers, or open Shopkeepers; but serving for a near passage from Knightriders street, to Carter lane.

Do little Lane.

The other, corruptly called Sermon lane, for Sheremoniers lane. For I find it so called in the 14th of Edward I. And in that Lane, a Place to be called the Black Loft, of melting Silver; with four Shops adjoining.

Sheremoniers lane.

Black Loft.

It may therefore be well supposed, that Lane to take Name of Sheremoniers; such as cut and rounded the Plates, to be coined or stamped into Estarling Pence: For the Place of Coining, was the Old Exchange, near unto the said Sheremoniers lane. Also I find, that in the 13th of Richard II. William de la Pole, [whose Father or Ancestor was, I think, the King's Merchant] had an House there.

In Knightriders street is the College of Physitians; wherein was founded, in the Year 1582. a publick Lecture in Surgery, to be read twice every Week, &c. as is shewed elsewhere.

In the South Churchyard of Pauls, is the South side and West end of the said Church. In the which West end, be three stately Gates or Entries, curiously wrought of Stone; namely, the middle Gate, in the midst whereof is placed a massy Pillar of Brass; whereunto the Leaves of the said Gate are closed, and fastened with Locks, Bolts, and Bars of Iron. All which notwithstanding, on the 24th of December, in the Year 1565. by a Tempest of Wind then rising from the West, these Gates were blown open, the Bars, Bolts, and Locks broken in sunder, or greatly bended.

College of Physicians.

Lecture in Chirurgery to be read.

West Gates of Pauls Church.

Gates of Pauls Church blown open.

Also, on the 5th of January, in the Year 1589. by a like Tempest of Wind, then in the South-west, the lesser West Gate of the said Church, next to the Bishop's Palace, was broken, both Bolts, Bars, and Locks, so that the same was blown over.

At either Corner of this West end, is also, of antient Building, a strong Tower of Stone, made for Bell Towers. The one of them, to wit, next to the Palace, is at this present to the use of the same Palace. The other, towards the South, is called the Lowlards Tower; and hath been used as the Bishop's Prison, for such as were detected for Opinions in Religion, contrary to the Faith of the Church.

For Lowlards Tower read Mr. Fox.

The last Prisoner which I have known committed thereto, was in the Year 1573. one Peter Burchet, Gentleman, of the Middle Temple, for having desperately wounded, and minding to have murdered, a serviceable Gentleman, named John Hawkings, Esq; in the high Street, near unto the Strand. Who being taken and examined, was found to hold certain Opinions erroneous, and therefore committed thither, and convicted. But in the end, by persuasion, he promised to abjure his Heresies; and was, by the Commandment of the Councel, removed from thence to the Tower of London, &c. where he committed, as in another Place I have at large reported.

Pet. Burchet.


The Parish Church of St. GREGORIES by Pauls.


Adjoining to this Lowlards Tower, is the Parish Church of St. Gregory, appointed to the Petty Canons of Pauls.

St. Gregory.

This Church was repaired, and within, without, and in every part of it, richly and very worthily Beautified, at the proper Cost and Charges of the Parishioners, in the Years of our Lord God 1631, and 1632.



William Weston, Citizen and Merchant Taylor of London,

John Hart, Gent. and Proctor of the Arches,
Churchwardens, An. Dom. 1631.

Churchwardens, 1632.
John Hart,
Thomas Brandwood.

This sumptuous Repair cost 2000l. and upwards.]

In this Church of St. Gregories, was a Chauntry; and in the same Parish was a Messuage and Tenement, called Holmes College, given for the Maintenance of the said Chauntry. King Edward VI. alienated it to John Hulson, and Will. Pendred, 2 Edw. VI.]

Holms's Chauntry.

J. S.