[The Bishop's Palace.] Castle Baynard Ward. [Present State of this Ward.]229

[The Bishop's Palace.] Castle Baynard Ward. [Present State of this Ward.]

The rest of that South side of St. Paul's Church, with the Chapter House, (a beautiful piece of Work, builded about the Reign of Edward III.) is now defaced, by means of Licences granted to Cutlers, Budget Makers, and others, first to build low Sheds, but now high Houses; which do hide that beautiful side of the Church, save only the top and South Gate.

Chapter House of St. Pauls.

On the North-west side of this Churchyard, is the Bishop's Palace, a large Thing for Receipt, wherein divers Kings have been lodged, and great Houshold hath been kept. As appeareth by the great Hall, which of late Years, since the rebatement of Bishops Livings, hath not been furnished with Houshold Meynie and Guests, as was meant by the Builders thereof, and was of old time used.

The Bishop's Palace.

In the Year 1546. the Admiral of France, the French Embassador, lodged here. And before that, here Edward V. took up his Lodging, when he was brought to London to take possession of the Crown. And under King Edw. VI. the Scotch Queen was here entertained.]

Princes lodged here.

The Deans Lodging, on the other side, directly against the Palace, is a fair old House; and also divers large Houses are on the same side builded; which yet remain, and (of old time) were the Lodgings of Prebendaries and Residentiaries, which kept great Housholds, and liberal Hospitality; but now either decayed, or otherwise converted.

J. S.

The Deans Lodging.

Then is the Stationers Hall on the same side, lately builded for them [in the Place of Peter College. Where, in the Year 1549. the 4th day of January, six Men were slain by the fall of Earth upon them, digging for a Well. Afterwards the Stationers Hall was in Amen lane, at the end of Pater noster Row.] And let this be an end of Baynard Castle Ward.

Stationers Hall.

Peter College.

The present State of this Ward standeth thus.

Present State of the Ward.

R. B.

As to the Places of Note and Name in this Ward, I shall begin with the South Part next the Thames, and Thames street; with the Lanes, Hills, Courts, that fall into the said Street: As Lambeth, or Lambard hill, St. Peter's hill, St. Benet's hill, Addle hill, and Puddle Dock hill; then with Knightriders street, Carter lane, Creed lane, Avemary lane, and Warwick lane.

On the Banks of the River Thames, are the Wharfs of Puddle Dock, used for a Laystall for the Soil of the Streets; and much frequented by Barges and Lighters, for taking the same away; as also for landing of Corn, and other Goods. Pauls Wharf, or St. Benets Pauls Wharf, a noted Stairs for Watermen; and on each side of the Stairs, is a very handsome House, one made use of by a Brewer, and the other for a Timber Yard.

Puddle Dock.

Pauls Wharf.

Baynards Castle gives Name to the Ward; was seated on the Bank of the River Thames, but had its entrance out of Thames street. Which being all burnt down, except a little Tower next the Water side, in the Conflagration of London, 1666. was converted into Buildings and Wharfs, as now it is. Hereabouts, where antiently stood divers Noblemens Houses fronting the Thames, are now generally Wharfs, Dye Houses, and Brew Houses.

Baynards Castle.

Castle street, seated near unto Pauls Whaef, a good broad Street, which falleth down to the Thames; but illy inhabited, and of no great Account.

Castle street.

Westward from Castle street, are Common lane, Dunghil lane, both which run down to the Thames. And beyond Puddle dock, is Queen's College Yard, and Bristol street; both which fall into Duke Humfreys: all Places of ordinary Account. It hath a passage into Puddle Dock, and another into Black Friers.

Common lane.

Dunghil lane.

Queen's College Yard.

Bristol street.

Duke Humfreys.

Thames street, begins at Puddle dock, and runs Eastward to the Tower, which is above a Mile in length; but is in several Wards, as hath been taken notice of. It is a Street, especially Eastward, of a very good Trade, and inhabited by great Dealers; besides the Diers, Brewers, Woodmongers, and Timber Yards, on the South side, next the Thames. And by Reason thereof, and of the several Keys and Wharfs, it is much pestered with Carts, for the lading and unlading of Goods.

Thames street.

Great Rutland Court, indifferent large and good, hath a passage up Steps into Church hill Alley.

Great Rutland Court.

Lambard hill hath but a small part in this Ward; viz. on the West side, from a little beyond Green Dragon Court, unto the corner of Old Fishstreet, over against St. Mary Magdalens Church: all the rest is in Queen Hith Ward. But in this Ward here is St. Mary Magdalen Churchyard, being the Place for the burial of the Dead of that Parish. Here is Crane Court, which is long, and hath a passage into St. Peters hill, with a Free stone Pavement; but the Houses are indifferent.

Lambard hill.

Crane Court.

St. Peters Hill, well built and inhabited, especially the End next to Old Fishstreet. On this Hill are Alms Houses for six poor Widows, built by David Smith, Embroiderer to Queen Eliz. and called Embroiderers Alms Houses; each having two Rooms, endowed with 3l. per an. After the Fire of London, these Alms Houses were rebuilt by Sir Tho. Fitch, Kt. and Bar. sometime a Bricklayer, deceased. On the West side, is the back part of the Heralds Office, with a Door leading into it.

St. Peters hill.

St. Benet's Hill, or Pauls Wharf Hill, takes its rise out of Thames street, and runneth up to Pauls Chain into Pauls Churchyard. It is a Place much pestered by Carts to the Wharfs, which makes it not so well inhabited, as otherwise it would.

St. Benets Hill, or Pauls Wharf Hill.

The Church of St. Benets is seated at the bottom of the Hill. It was consumed in the Fire of London, and is now rebuilt better than before. And to this Parish is united St. Peters Pauls Wharf, which Church is not rebuilt.

St. Benets Pauls Wharf Church.

This Place is of Note, and well resorted unto, by reason of Doctors Commons, and the Heralds Office, there seated. The former, on the West side, possessed by the Doctors, and others professing Civil Law, and practising it here.

It is a large and well built House, with several open Courts, where the Civilians have their Appartments, and where they keep their Courts for the hearing of Causes; viz. in their publick Hall, which is large for that purpose. Of this Doctors Commons, see more in the First Book, in the Chapter of Colleges. Out of this Place, is a back Door into Knightriders street.

Doctors Commons.

The Heralds Office, or College of Heralds, is seated on the East side. This Office was burnt down in the Fire of London, but now rebuilt, and far better than before; being now built into a fair uniform Quadrangular Court, containing their Hall, and Apartments for the several Members of this learned Society.

Heralds Office.

Addle hill, comes out of Carter lane, and runneth down to Thames street, leaving Knightriders street on the East side, and Church hill Alley on the West. Which said Alley, with a turning passage by St. Andrews Wardrobe Church, falleth into Puddle dock. The Houses are only on the South side, the North lying open to the Church and Churchyard. And in this Alley is

Addle hill.

Church hill Alley.

Crown